Lead content of drinking water, Flint water crisis, Flint, Michigan, 2014-, and Safe Drinking Water Act (U.S.)
The article focuses on the water crisis in Flint, Michigan and renewed attention and focus on the condition and safety of their drinking water infrastructure and lead testing in drinking water of Day Cares and Schools of Chicago, Illinois. Topics discussed include U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) emphasizes that lead poses a significant health risk to children, passage of the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), and Congress enacted the Lead and Copper Rule (LCR) to regulate lead.
Water quality, Environmental quality, Water pollution -- United States, and Clean Water Act of 1972 (U.S.)
The authors offer observation on water pollution in the U.S. Topics discussed include purpose of the Clean Water Act (Act) passed by the Congress in 1972, factors that affected the water quality standards of lakes, reservoirs, ponds, bays, estuaries, rivers and streams in the country, and criticism on the Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) initiatives designed to weaken federal oversight of clean water.
Hazardous substance laws, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Act of 1980 (U.S.), Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway Co. v. United States (Supreme Court case), and Apportionment of liability
The article offers information on the history, development and significance of Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) enacted by the U.S. Congress to address the releases or threatened releases of hazardous substances in the U.S. It discusses findings of the U.S. Supreme Court in the case of Burlington Northern & Santa Fe Railway Co. v. United States regarding the apportionment of liability for disposal of hazardous substances.
Water pollution laws, Green infrastructure, Water quality, Runoff, and Clean Water Act of 1977 (U.S.)
The article focuses on regulation of stormwater under the regulatory framework of Clean Water Act (CWA) by the U.S. Congress which is implemented by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). Topics include use of green infrastructure to manage water quality, pressurization of environmental stakeholders (eNGOs) over stormwater regulations, and announcement of EPA to provide technical assistance and incentives to communities for encouraging implementation of stormwater programs.
Air pollution emissions prevention, Climate change, Clean Air Act (U.S.), Droughts -- United States, and Wildfires -- United States
The article offers information on the Clean Power Plan from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) which provides opportunity to reduce emissions and encourage investment in renewable energy sources. Topics discussed include failures on the part of U.S. Congress to address climate crisis resulting in droughts and wildfires, decline in the coal use in the U.S., and establishment of rules pursuant to the Clean Air Act.
Petroleum pipelines, Natural gas pipeline laws, Natural gas pipelines -- United States, Petroleum pipelines -- United States, Federal regulation, and Safety
The article discusses the need of new federal regulation and standard to ensure safety in natural gas and petroleum pipelines network. Topics discussed include approval of the Pipeline Safety, Regulatory Certainty, and Job Creation Act of 2011 by the U.S. Congress, provision of the act which requires integrity management system and role of the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) before and after the enactment of new act.
Hazardous waste management industry, Pharmaceutical industry, State laws, Federal laws, and United States. Resource Conservation & Recovery Act of 1976
The article presents information on the management of the pharmaceutical waste with respect to the regulation of the management by the state laws and the federal laws of the U.S. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of the country enacted by the Congress of the U.S. serves the purpose of regulating the hazardous waste management. Information on the role of the Environmental Protection Agency in the regulations is also presented.
Hazardous waste management industry, Retail industry, United States. Resource Conservation & Recovery Act of 1976, State laws, and Federal laws
The article presents information regulations regarding the state laws and the federal laws on the treatment of hazardous waste with respect to the retail industry of the U.S. The Congress of the U.S. enacted the Resource, Conservation and Recovery Act for confronting the challenges posed to the retailers and their operations that create hazardous waste. Information on the role of the Environmental Protection Agency of the country regarding this issue is also presented.
Toxic torts, Exclusive & concurrent legislative powers, Product safety -- Law & legislation, Law reform -- United States, and Public welfare
The article focuses on preemption and product safety liability and reforms in the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976 (TSCA). It emphasizes on the need of balancing the powers of federal and state regulators in order to protect the health, safety, and environmental, economic, and social welfare of the U.S. population. It discusses certain partial preemption approaches under which the U.S. Congress or government regulators establish minimum "floor" standards applicable in every state.
Community-supported agriculture, Green Revolution, Agricultural productivity -- United States, Agriculture finance, Food safety laws, and Government policy
The article focuses on the legal issues and risk management strategies related to the Community Supported Agriculture Operations (CSAs). Topics discussed include the Green Revolution and resulting industrialization of food production coupled with government support programs, the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) passed by the U.S Congress and exemption of CSA farms from the U.S Food & Drug Administration's (FDA) proposed safety regulations.
Wildlife management, Animal species, Human behavior, Endangered Species Act of 1973 (U.S.), and United States. Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972
The article discusses regulation of federal wildlife management regarding protection of ocean species under the Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) and the Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972 (MMPA) which recognizes connection between human action and species health. The U.S. Congress directs the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and the National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) in the fields of listing of species, designation of critical habitat, and issuance of biological opinions.
Environmental law, Administrative procedure, Environmental policy -- United States, and Legislative bills
The article focuses on how the National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA) became the procedural statute and the role played by the Administrative Procedure Act (APA). It notes that modern principles of judicial review under the APA become articulated only when the Congress passed NEPA. It also mentions that Congress intended to mandate that agencies follow the procedures of Section 102 when interpreting the NEPA.
United States legislators, Legislative bills, and General Motors automobiles
The article presents an interview with U.S. Representative John Dingell. Dingell says that the legislative bill H.R. 3221 is being discussed in the U.S. Congress. According to him, General Motors Corp. (GM) has designed the most fuel efficient automobiles. He adds that he has been making efforts to prevent global warming.
Natural Resources & Environment. Spring2012, Vol. 26 Issue 4, p48-50. 3p. 1 Black and White Photograph.
Endangered species listing, Habitat conservation, Endangered Species Act of 1973 (U.S.), Noah's ark, and Statutes
The article presents information on the issue of the risk of endangered species and the listing of the endangered and threatened species with respect to the statutes and legislative acts of the U.S. The Endangered Species Act of the U.S. enacted by the Congress of the country aims at protecting the endangered species and the habitat. Information on the protection of the endangered species with respect to the story of Noah's Ark is also presented.
Environmental law, Environmental protection, Climate change, and Actions & defenses (Law) -- United States
The article offers information on the environmental impact of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) enacted by the U.S. Congress in 1969. The Congress enacted the Act to promote efforts to prevent environmental degradation in the U.S. It is stated that litigation efforts to force climate impact assessments in NEPA-mandated project reviews have not generated a uniform approach to incorporating climate change into environmental assessments.
This article presents information on how aerial photography, geophysical data, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) analysis have been used as expert evidences in the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act of 1980 (CERCLA) and the Clean Water Act (CWA) environmental cases. The U.S. Congress has enacted the CERCLA which apply tax on chemical and petroleum industries to protect environment or human health from pollution and to remove hazardous waste sites.
Hazardous substances -- Government policy, Hazardous substance transportation -- Law & legislation, Railroad freight service, Petroleum industry -- United States, and Government policy
The article discusses the laws concerning crude oil transportation through rails in the U.S., as of April 2016. Topics discussed include producers interest in rail as a means of transporting crude supplies to U.S. markets; the Congressional Research Service, Report on the U.S. rail transportation of crude oil; enactment of Hazardous Material Transportation Act (HMTA); and hazardous material regulations in the country.
Toxic substance exposure, Physiological effects of poisons, Confidential business information, Prevention, and Law
The article focuses on the hindrances to the U.S. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) reform. It mentions that the U.S. Congress has asked the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to collect the information on chemical substances that have potential effects on human health and the environment and need to take the action to mitigate risks of these substances. It also mentions that businesses claims that the information submit to EPA is confidential business information (CBI).
Climate change laws, State governments -- United States, and Legislative bills
The article presents the authors' comments about various issues that should be addressed in any national climate change legislation to be passed in the U.S. The authors say that the issue of climate change cannot be successfully addressed without involving states and their local governments. According to them, legislative bills related to climate change that are introduced in the U.S. Congress should assign an important role to the states.