Orchard, S., Heck, A., Uhlén, Mathias, Ping, P., and KTH, Skolan för bioteknologi (BIO), Proteomik (stängd 20130101)
Natural Sciences, Biological Sciences, Other Biological Topics, Naturvetenskap, Biologiska vetenskaper, Annan biologi, Data standardization, Human Proteome Organisation, and Proteomics Standards Initiative
This meeting brought together delegates from industry, academia and the publishing houses to facilitate discussions on the level of support from the journals for the use of standardised data formats and their interest in the creation of a network of proteomics repositories collaborating on a coordinated data curation effort. Discussions centred on how best to structure interactions between journals, databases and researchers to improve accessibility to data, and facilitate comparisons between datasets.
Iran, Nuclear, USA, Negotiations, Talks, Tehran, Washington, Obama, Rouhani, Netanyahu, Congress Speech, Republican Letter, Zarif, Samhällsvetenskap, Statsvetenskap, Social Sciences, and Political Science
Spitalnik, Steven L, Triulzi, Darrell, Devine, Dana V, Dzik, Walter H, Eder, Anne F, Gernsheimer, Terry, Josephson, Cassandra D, Kor, Daryl J, Luban, Naomi L C, Roubinian, Nareg H, Mondoro, Traci, Welniak, Lisbeth A, Zou, Shimian, Glynn, Simone, Semple, John W, Lunds universitet, Avdelningen för hematologi och transfusionsmedicin, and Lund University, Division of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine
Animals, Blood Transfusion, Congresses as Topic, Humans, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (U.S.), United States, Journal Article, Medicin och hälsovetenskap, Klinisk medicin, Hematologi, Medical and Health Sciences, Clinical Medicine, and Hematology
On March 25 and 26, 2015, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute sponsored a meeting on the State of the Science in Transfusion Medicine on the National Institutes of Health (NIH) campus in Bethesda, Maryland, which was attended by a diverse group of 330 registrants. The meeting's goal was to identify important research questions that could be answered in the next 5 to 10 years and which would have the potential to transform the clinical practice of transfusion medicine. These questions could be addressed by basic, translational, and/or clinical research studies and were focused on four areas: the three "classical" transfusion products (i.e., red blood cells, platelets, and plasma) and blood donor issues. Before the meeting, four working groups, one for each area, prepared five major questions for discussion along with a list of five to 10 additional questions for consideration. At the meeting itself, all of these questions, and others, were discussed in keynote lectures, small-group breakout sessions, and large-group sessions with open discourse involving all meeting attendees. In addition to the final lists of questions, provided herein, the meeting attendees identified multiple overarching, cross-cutting themes that addressed issues common to all four areas; the latter are also provided. It is anticipated that addressing these scientific priorities, with careful attention to the overarching themes, will inform funding priorities developed by the NIH and provide a solid research platform for transforming the future practice of transfusion medicine.
Cederholm, Tommy, Jensen, Gordon L., Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Klinisk nutrition och metabolism, and Uppsala universitet, Medicinska och farmaceutiska vetenskapsområdet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap, Geriatrik
Clinical Nutrition. 36(1):7-10
Medical and Health Sciences, Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetics, Medicin och hälsovetenskap, Hälsovetenskaper, Näringslära, Consensus, Diagnosis, Malnutrition, and Undernutrition
During the ESPEN Congress in Copenhagen, Denmark (September 2016) representatives of the 4 largest global PEN-societies from Europe (ESPEN), USA (ASPEN), Asia (PENSA) and Latin America (FELANPE), and from national PEN-societies around the world met to continue the conversation on how to diagnose malnutrition that started during the Clinical Nutrition Week, Austin, USA (February 2016). Current thinking on diagnostic approaches was shared; ESPEN suggested a grading approach that could encompass various types of signs, symptoms and etiologies to support diagnosis. ASPEN emphasized where the parties agree; i.e. that the three major published approaches (ESPEN, ASPEN/AND and Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)) all propose weight loss as a key indicator for malnutrition. FELANPE suggested that the anticipated consensus approach needs to prioritize a diagnostic methodology that is available for everybody since resources differ globally. PENSA highlighted that BMI varies by ethnicity/race, and that sarcopenia/muscle mass evaluation is important for the diagnosis of malnutrition. A Core Working Committee of the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) has been established (comprised of two representatives each from the 4 largest PEN-societies) that will lead consensus development in collaboration with a larger Working Group with broad global representation, using e-mail, telephone conferences, and face-to-face meetings during the up-coming ASPEN and ESPEN Congresses. Transparency and external input will be sought. Objectives include: 1. Consensus development around evidence-based criteria for broad application. 2. Promotion of global dissemination of the consensus criteria. 3. Seeking adoption by the World Health Organization (WHO) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD).
Social Sciences, Other Social Sciences, Work Sciences, Samhällsvetenskap, Annan samhällsvetenskap, Arbetslivsstudier, Taylor, congress hearings, military industries, scientific management, strike, försvarsindustri, kongressförhör, strejk, Working Life Science, and Arbetsvetenskap
Essän bygger på en av Frederick Taylor författad uppsats, ”Government Efficiency” som han spred separat samma år som hans två mest kända skrifter publicerades, Shop Management och The Principles of Scientific Management. I ”Government Efficiency”, framför Taylor kritik mot det amerikanska försvarets gammaldags produktion av krigsmateriel och uppmanar till modernisering med hans system, scientific management. Ett försök med tidsstudier i ett gjuteri utlöste en strejk som fick massmedial uppmärksamhet med följdverkningar. Taylor fick vid flera tillfällen stå till svars inför den amerikanska kongressen. Då Taylor i sina två skrifter hävdat att en strejk aldrig inträffat på de arbetsplatser där han utvecklat scientific management, blev denna strejk särskilt uppseendeväckande. The essay is based on a separate paper written by Frederic Taylor, ”Government Efficiency”, He distributed it the same year as his two most familiar works were published, Shop Management och The Principles of Scientific Management. In ”Government Efficiency” Taylor criticizes the U.S. defence for its old-fashioned production of war munition. He suggests the production would be rendered more effective by applying his scientific management model. Time studies were started in one of the government military arsenals. A group of molders protested and went on strike. Immediate attention by mass media paved the way for public attention and hearings in the House of Representatives. As Taylor has asserted in his two books that a strike never occurred in the work places where he had introduced scientific management, this strike became especially sensational.