LEGISLATIVE bills, MILITARY law -- United States, INSANITY (Law), SUFFRAGE -- United States, PEOPLE with disabilities, and SUFFRAGE
Presents updates on legislative bills introduced into the U.S. Congress, compiled as of February 1984. Key provisions of military law amendments signed into law on December 6, 1983; Prospects for legislative action on insanity defense legislation; Legislation on the voting rights of the aged and the physically handicapped.
WAR & emergency powers -- United States, EXECUTIVE power -- United States, FOREIGN relations of the United States, and SEPARATION of powers
Presents contrasting views on the constitutionality of the War Powers Resolution of 1973, which restricts the authority of the U.S. president to deploy troops in a long, undeclared presidential war. Activism of the U.S. Congress in foreign policy; Concerns over an imperial presidency; Problems with the resolution; Congress' role in the decisions to go to war as envisioned by the authors of the Constitution.
Reports on developments in the United States Congress as of March 1984 concerning lawyers and the legal profession. Suit filed by Congress to restrict the pocket veto power of the president; Congressional funding for the Legal Services Corp. despite the efforts by the Reagan administration to put the company out of business.
NUCLEAR accidents, ACTIONS & defenses (Law) -- United States, GOVERNMENT liability -- United States, and LAW
Reports on the decision of the United States Supreme Court in 'Silkwood v. Kerr-McGee Corp.' regarding the availability of state law remedies to persons injured by nuclear accidents. Holding against the pre-emption of state tort remedies by the federal law based on a review of legislative history; Lack of any federal remedy for injuries sustained in nuclear accidents; Regulatory structure created by the U.S. Congress.
Comments on a legislative proposal in the U.S. Congress that would prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 21. Relation of drinking age prohibitions to regulations of liquor establishments; Constitutional obstacles to the establishment of federal regulations to address the problem of drunk driving.
Comments on a legislative proposal in the U.S. Congress that would prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 21. Statistics on traffic accidents involving teenagers; Rationale for a nationwide drinking age requirement; Connection between minimum drinking age and drunk driving fatalities.
Reports on the legislative proposal in the U.S. Congress that would prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 21. Minimum age requirements enacted in various states; Legal issues that could arise from the establishment of federal rules.
Provides information on the 106th annual meeting of the American Bar Association which will be held from August 2 to 9, 1984 in Chicago, Illinois. Purposes of the meeting; Participants of the event; Topics to be discussed.
Focuses on the problem facing the U.S. Congress with regard to the proposal for bankruptcy jurisdiction as of March 1984. Passage of H.R. 5174, which provides for Article 1 status for bankruptcy judges; Advantage of the approval of adjunct status for the American Bar Association; Failure of the Congress to agree on the structure of bankruptcy courts and the status of bankruptcy judges.
APPELLATE procedure, DISTRICT courts, and SOCIAL security -- Law & legislation
Emphasizes that a direct appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court is mandated when a federal district court in a civil proceeding, to which the government is a party, holds an act of Congress constitutional. Significance of the Social Security Act; Decision of the court in the case Heckler v. Edwards.
CONSTITUTIONAL conventions and UNITED States federal budget
Reports that the United States Senate Judiciary Committee approved a bill to establish procedures for a convention anticipating that the requisite number of states may request a national constitutional convention on the balanced budget amendment. Procedures by which Congress would call a convention; Important provisions of the procedures for a convention.
LEGISLATIVE bills, LAWYERS, and IMMIGRATION law -- United States
Reports on legislation pending at the United States Congress as of September 1984. Organized bar's lack of strong support for two bills that would permit attorneys to conduct voir dire in federal civic and criminal trials; Erosion of support for the immigration reform bill.
Reports that the Senate has approved J. Harvie Wilkinson III's nomination to be a judge in the U.S. Court of Appeals in the Fourth District. Controversies regarding Wilkinson's nomination; Proceedings of the evaluation on whether Wilkinson was fit for the job; Other issues and concerns relevant to Wilkinson's nomination.
UNITED States presidential election, 1984 and ELECTION monitoring
Reports on the debate over the use of exit polls a system of surveying United States voters as they leave the voting place. Background on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit case of a Washington state exit polling; Adoption of a resolution by the U.S. Congress that calls on television networks to refrain voluntarily from using exit polls to project elections before all state voting places are closed; Comments of ABC News vice president George Watson on the resolution.
CRIMINAL law, BAIL, ARREST, CRIMINAL sentencing, and LEGAL status of crime victims
Examines key provisions of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1984. Setting of bail conditions; Procedures for pretrial detention; Revision of sentencing requirements; Fund for victims of crime.
MEDICAL malpractice, ACTIONS & defenses (Law) -- United States, and LAWYERS -- United States
Discloses that majority of lawyers in private practice in the United States oppose a bill that will be introduced in the 99th Congress to restructure the rules for medical malpractice suits. Provision of the law for doctors and hospitals to make settlement offers to claimants for net economic losses with a certain period of time; Arguments of the lawyers in opposing the bill.
BANKRUPTCY, BUSINESS failures -- Law & legislation, and COMMERCIAL law -- United States
Discusses changes enacted by the United States Congress in Chapters 7, 11 and 13 of the Bankruptcy Act. Impact on individuals, joint debtors and small businesses; Changes in jurisdictions over bankruptcy filings; Technical and conforming amendments; Conditions for filing a petition after the dismissal of an earlier petition.
EQUAL rights -- United States, JUDICIAL process, and LEGISLATIVE bills
Comments on a bill that proposes the re-authorization of the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA) statute in the U.S. Legal justification for the implementation of the EAJA; Key stipulations of the bill; Policy implications on judicial processes and the justice system.
Reports on the American Bar Association's stand on various legislative issues facing the U.S. Congress in 1985. Support for tax simplification; Opposition to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission's regulation of lawyers; Funding of the U.S. Legal Services Corp.
JUDGMENTS (Law), FEDERAL government, COMMERCIAL law -- United States, and CONFESSION (Law)
Presents updates on decisions handed down by the U.S. Supreme Court, compiled as of May 1985. Limits of the power of the U.S. Congress under the commerce clause to regulate the activities of state and local governments; Validity of a suspect's confession after subsequently receiving Miranda warnings.