LEGISLATIVE bills, MILITARY law -- United States, INSANITY (Law), SUFFRAGE -- United States, PEOPLE with disabilities, and SUFFRAGE
Presents updates on legislative bills introduced into the U.S. Congress, compiled as of February 1984. Key provisions of military law amendments signed into law on December 6, 1983; Prospects for legislative action on insanity defense legislation; Legislation on the voting rights of the aged and the physically handicapped.
WAR & emergency powers -- United States, EXECUTIVE power -- United States, FOREIGN relations of the United States, and SEPARATION of powers
Presents contrasting views on the constitutionality of the War Powers Resolution of 1973, which restricts the authority of the U.S. president to deploy troops in a long, undeclared presidential war. Activism of the U.S. Congress in foreign policy; Concerns over an imperial presidency; Problems with the resolution; Congress' role in the decisions to go to war as envisioned by the authors of the Constitution.
Reports on developments in the United States Congress as of March 1984 concerning lawyers and the legal profession. Suit filed by Congress to restrict the pocket veto power of the president; Congressional funding for the Legal Services Corp. despite the efforts by the Reagan administration to put the company out of business.
NUCLEAR accidents, ACTIONS & defenses (Law) -- United States, GOVERNMENT liability -- United States, and LAW
Reports on the decision of the United States Supreme Court in 'Silkwood v. Kerr-McGee Corp.' regarding the availability of state law remedies to persons injured by nuclear accidents. Holding against the pre-emption of state tort remedies by the federal law based on a review of legislative history; Lack of any federal remedy for injuries sustained in nuclear accidents; Regulatory structure created by the U.S. Congress.
Comments on a legislative proposal in the U.S. Congress that would prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 21. Relation of drinking age prohibitions to regulations of liquor establishments; Constitutional obstacles to the establishment of federal regulations to address the problem of drunk driving.
Comments on a legislative proposal in the U.S. Congress that would prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 21. Statistics on traffic accidents involving teenagers; Rationale for a nationwide drinking age requirement; Connection between minimum drinking age and drunk driving fatalities.
Reports on the legislative proposal in the U.S. Congress that would prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to persons under the age of 21. Minimum age requirements enacted in various states; Legal issues that could arise from the establishment of federal rules.
Provides information on the 106th annual meeting of the American Bar Association which will be held from August 2 to 9, 1984 in Chicago, Illinois. Purposes of the meeting; Participants of the event; Topics to be discussed.
Focuses on the problem facing the U.S. Congress with regard to the proposal for bankruptcy jurisdiction as of March 1984. Passage of H.R. 5174, which provides for Article 1 status for bankruptcy judges; Advantage of the approval of adjunct status for the American Bar Association; Failure of the Congress to agree on the structure of bankruptcy courts and the status of bankruptcy judges.
APPELLATE procedure, DISTRICT courts, and SOCIAL security -- Law & legislation
Emphasizes that a direct appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court is mandated when a federal district court in a civil proceeding, to which the government is a party, holds an act of Congress constitutional. Significance of the Social Security Act; Decision of the court in the case Heckler v. Edwards.
CONSTITUTIONAL conventions and UNITED States federal budget
Reports that the United States Senate Judiciary Committee approved a bill to establish procedures for a convention anticipating that the requisite number of states may request a national constitutional convention on the balanced budget amendment. Procedures by which Congress would call a convention; Important provisions of the procedures for a convention.
LEGISLATIVE bills, LAWYERS, and IMMIGRATION law -- United States
Reports on legislation pending at the United States Congress as of September 1984. Organized bar's lack of strong support for two bills that would permit attorneys to conduct voir dire in federal civic and criminal trials; Erosion of support for the immigration reform bill.
Reports that the Senate has approved J. Harvie Wilkinson III's nomination to be a judge in the U.S. Court of Appeals in the Fourth District. Controversies regarding Wilkinson's nomination; Proceedings of the evaluation on whether Wilkinson was fit for the job; Other issues and concerns relevant to Wilkinson's nomination.
UNITED States presidential election, 1984 and ELECTION monitoring
Reports on the debate over the use of exit polls a system of surveying United States voters as they leave the voting place. Background on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit case of a Washington state exit polling; Adoption of a resolution by the U.S. Congress that calls on television networks to refrain voluntarily from using exit polls to project elections before all state voting places are closed; Comments of ABC News vice president George Watson on the resolution.
CRIMINAL law, BAIL, ARREST, CRIMINAL sentencing, and LEGAL status of crime victims
Examines key provisions of the Comprehensive Crime Control Act passed by the U.S. Congress in 1984. Setting of bail conditions; Procedures for pretrial detention; Revision of sentencing requirements; Fund for victims of crime.
MEDICAL malpractice, ACTIONS & defenses (Law) -- United States, and LAWYERS -- United States
Discloses that majority of lawyers in private practice in the United States oppose a bill that will be introduced in the 99th Congress to restructure the rules for medical malpractice suits. Provision of the law for doctors and hospitals to make settlement offers to claimants for net economic losses with a certain period of time; Arguments of the lawyers in opposing the bill.
BANKRUPTCY, BUSINESS failures -- Law & legislation, and COMMERCIAL law -- United States
Discusses changes enacted by the United States Congress in Chapters 7, 11 and 13 of the Bankruptcy Act. Impact on individuals, joint debtors and small businesses; Changes in jurisdictions over bankruptcy filings; Technical and conforming amendments; Conditions for filing a petition after the dismissal of an earlier petition.
EQUAL rights -- United States, JUDICIAL process, and LEGISLATIVE bills
Comments on a bill that proposes the re-authorization of the Equal Access to Justice Act (EAJA) statute in the U.S. Legal justification for the implementation of the EAJA; Key stipulations of the bill; Policy implications on judicial processes and the justice system.
Reports on the American Bar Association's stand on various legislative issues facing the U.S. Congress in 1985. Support for tax simplification; Opposition to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission's regulation of lawyers; Funding of the U.S. Legal Services Corp.
JUDGMENTS (Law), FEDERAL government, COMMERCIAL law -- United States, and CONFESSION (Law)
Presents updates on decisions handed down by the U.S. Supreme Court, compiled as of May 1985. Limits of the power of the U.S. Congress under the commerce clause to regulate the activities of state and local governments; Validity of a suspect's confession after subsequently receiving Miranda warnings.
LEGAL status of parents of children with disabilities and LAWYERS' fees
Focuses on a legislation in the U.S. Congress that would allow parents of handicapped children to recover attorney's fees when going to court to obtain appropriate public education for their children. Key provisions of the bill; Court case which drove legislators to introduce the bill.
Reports on key issues and developments relevant to computer crime laws and legislation in the U.S. compiled as of July 1985. Losses incurred resulting from computer crimes; Computer crime bills under consideration; Amendment of the federal criminal code; Implications on laws governing computer crimes.
Reports on the proposal by the American Bar Association to reform the grand jury system at both the state and federal levels. Recommendations to allow attorneys in the grand jury room; Growth in the practice of summoning attorneys before grand juries to testify and produce records that they have obtained in confidence from their clients; Implications on laywers and the practice of law.
Reports on the impact of the proposed tax plan on lawyers in the U.S. Adoption of the resolution by the American Bar Association's House of Delegates urging Congress to reject the tax plan proposal; Consequences of the proposal on any service-related business.
RACKETEERING -- United States and RACKETEERING -- Law & legislation
Examines plans by the United States Congress to revamp the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organization Act (RICO). Major purpose of RICO; Bill that replaces the term 'racketeering activity' with 'predicate criminal activity'; Bill that would require for a 'pattern of racketeering activity' to be established.
LAWYERS' fees -- Law & legislation and HABEAS corpus
Investigates a proposed bill by the United States Congress to limit attorney's fees awards. Reactions of the American Bar Association to the bill; Employer sanctions in pending immigration reform bills; Opposition to a legislation to curb the right of habeas corpus in federal courts.
AMERICAN law, BAR associations -- Congresses, MEDICAL malpractice, PREPAID legal services, and TAXATION
Presents news concerning the law profession in the United States as of December 1995. Reschedule of the Inter-American Bar Association's XXV conference at Acapulco, Mexico to November 9-15, 1985; Members of the Special Committee on Medical Professional Liability; Bill to make permanent the tax treatment of group legal services plans.
JUDGMENTS (Law), FEDERAL government, INTERSTATE commerce -- United States, and ADMISSION to the bar (Law)
Summarizes U.S. Supreme Court rulings, compiled as of January 1986. Regulation of states by the U.S. Congress under the commerce clause; Validity of the state residency requirement for bar admissions; Court decisions on tax cases founded on the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
TELECOMMUNICATIONS laws & regulations and INFORMATION technology
Reports on proposed bills in the United States Congress that reaffirmed constitutional rights in communications technology. Senator Patrick Leahy's proposed Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1985; Congressional Office of Technology Assessment's study, entitled `Federal Government Information Technology: Electronic Surveillance and Civil Liberties'; Representative Gwen Moore's proposed legislation to modernize the state constitution.
MEDICAL malpractice and MILITARY personnel -- Medical care
Reports on the vote taken by the United States House of Representatives to give military personnel the right to sue the federal government for medical and dental malpractice. Scope of the measure passed by congress amending the Federal Tort Claims Act; Efforts to improve medical care in the military.
Addresses the issue of federal judges' pay in the United States. Impact of the Gramm-Rudman deficit reduction act on the issue; Efforts of the Quadrennial Commission to amend the statutory procedures in submitting pay recommendations to Congress.
Focuses on revival of civil jury trials in federal courts in the United States. Temporary shutdown of jury trials in summer of 1986; U.S. President Ronald Reagan's approval of a supplemental appropriations bill; Amount cut by the U.S. House of Representatives from the Judiciary budget request. INSET: SILKWOOD CASE SETTLED.
Focuses on United States Congress' plan to toughen the penalties for filing false legal claims against the government. House judiciary Subcommittee on Administrative Law's approval of a bill to update the False Claims Act; Expansion of role of private citizens in bringing suits against false claimants.
Reports on the vote of the U.S. Senate to consent to the 1980 U.N. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods and the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction. Purposes of the agreement.
LEGAL costs, ACTIONS & defenses (Law) -- United States, and LEGAL procedure -- United States
Reports that the U.S. Congress hiked the fees for filing civil and bankruptcy actions in federal courts. Concerns that the higher fees are in effect user fees that apportion the costs of running the entire justice system; Policy implications on the practice of law and the justice system.
PRISON sentences, PROBATION, and JUDGES -- United States
Focuses on criticisms against final draft of federal sentencing guidelines submitted to Congress by the U.S. Sentencing Commission. Curtailment of probation even more than earlier proposals; Restriction of judges' ability to consider various characteristics of defendants; Increased discretion for judges to depart from the guidelines.
SPECIAL prosecutors, POLITICAL ethics, JUDGMENTS (Law), and ATTORNEYS general
Focuses on congressional committees' consideration of changes in the independent counsel provisions of the Ethics in Government Act in the United States. Criticism of two Justice Department decisions not to seek a special prosecutor; Guidelines for the attorney general; Prohibition of attorney general from investigating wrongdoing of senior Justice Department officials. INSET: Meese asks probe of his Wedtech ties.
Interviews William Wilkins Jr., judge of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. Emphasis on U.S. Sentencing Commission's guidelines on sentencing; Detailed analysis of prison impact; Elimination of unwarranted disparity in sentencing; List of factors not considered in sentencing.
CONFERENCES & conventions, LAW -- Congresses, and BAR associations
Presents information about the annual meeting of American Bar Association, which will be held in San Francisco, California, from August 6-13, 1987. Recommended programs for lawyers; Registration hours; Bicentennial showcase programs; Scheduled speakers.
VACCINATION complications and VACCINATION of children laws
Reports on the program designed to provide compensation for child victims of adverse reactions to vaccinations being considered by the United States Congress. Provisions of the proposed program; Reason behind the Congress' move.
MAIL fraud, COMMERCIAL law -- United States, and UNITED States v. McNally (Supreme Court case)
Reports on bills introduced in the United States Congress in 1987 that would widen mail-fraud law. Overturning of the U.S. Supreme Court's opinion in 'U.S. v. McNally,' which limited the scope of mail fraud prosecutions; Bills' extension of the statute to loss of intangible rights and to the public's right to the performance of official duties by a public official.
PRO bono publico legal services and PUBLIC spending
Discusses proposals to cut the funding for programs of the United States Legal Services Corp. (LSC), which provide legal services for the poor. Attacks on the LSC by the government of U.S. President Ronald Reagan; Agreement of the U.S. Congress to reduce the funding of the LSC in 1987; Position taken by the American Bar Association's (ABA) Standing Committee on Legal Aid and Indigent Defendants on the issue.
Reports on American Bar Association (ABA) president Robert MacCrate's argument for a legal reform bill. Speech before a U.S. House of Representatives judiciary committee in 1987; Bill sponsored by Representative Robert R. Kastenmeier, which calls for reforms throughout the federal court system; Proposed elimination of the mandatory or appellate jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
GOVERNMENT liability -- United States, PRIVILEGES & immunities (Law), UNITED States -- Trials, litigation, etc., and ACTIONS & defenses (Law)
Discusses the November 1987 court case 'United States v. Union Gas.' Dismissal of Union Gas' lawsuit against the U.S. federal government on the ground that the 11th Amendment prohibited the suit; Commerce clause's empowerment of the U.S. Congress to authorize suits against state governments despite the 11th Amendment.
Marcotte, Paul, Moss, Debra Cassens, and Hengstler, Gary A.
ABA Journal; Apr88 Supplement, Vol. 74, p141, 2p
AIDS laws, DISCLOSURE, and IMMIGRATION law -- United States
Focuses on the resolutions passed by the American Bar Association House of Delegates pertaining to the AIDS disease. Call on U.S. Congress to adopt federal legislation to increase voluntary testing for AIDS and counseling for AIDS patients; Provision on disclosure of information about AIDS patients; Call on Congress to extend the amnesty deadline under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986.
TAXATION of securities, ROAD construction, ALCOHOLISM, and CASE studies
Reports on the status of cases undergoing trial before the United States Supreme Court as of June 1988. Constitutional concurrence of the federal taxation of the interest paid on state and local bonds; Legality of the government's road construction project through Six Rivers National Forest in California; Court's stand that alcoholism is caused by wilful misconduct.
Reports that the American Bar Association urged the U.S. Congress to enact a rule giving prepaid legal services plans the same tax treatment as medical plans and called for redress for victims of human rights abuses. Reinstatement of an Internal Revenue Code provision that determines the tax treatment of qualified group legal services; Legislation relating to torture and other human rights abuse.
Reports that retired United States Supreme Court Justice Lewis Powell Jr. called on Congress to reform the handling of death penalty appeals. Excessive delays in the system; Rise in habeas corpus litigation; Statistics on the number of death row inmates.
RACE discrimination -- Law & legislation, PRIVATE schools, PATTERSON v. McLean Credit Union (Supreme Court case), and RUNYON v. McCrary (Supreme Court case)
Reports on the U.S. Congress' intent to outlaw private acts of race discrimination in matters of contract and property. Power of Congress or a state legislature to ban racial discrimination in private school admissions decisions; Amicus brief in Patterson v. McLean Credit Union urging the Supreme Court to affirm its 1876 ruling in Runyon v. McCrary; Provisions in the Civil Rights Act of 1856. INSET: ABA supports Runyon.
Reports on the regulations proposed by the Legal Services Corp. Board regarding the governance of local legal services programs that restricted the flexibility of bar associations to designate members of the local government in the U.S. Political party affiliation-quota system for board membership; Goals of the American Bar Association (ABA); Role of ABA; ABA's achievements. INSET: The Nine Goals.
CHILD sexual abuse, CUSTODY of children, and LAW -- Congresses
Identifies issues related to the litigation of custody cases involving child sexual abuse allegations in the United States, discussed during a lawyers' gathering held in October 1988 in New York City. Incidence of false allegations by children; Defense for child sexual abuse allegations; Representation of accused or accusers in child abuse cases.
VETERANS' benefits -- Law & legislation and JUDICIAL review
Reports on the legislation approved by the U.S. Congress in 1988 that would provide judicial review to veterans who were denied benefits from the U.S. Veterans Administration. Key provisions of the legislation; Fate of previous judicial review legislation; Reasons of the American Bar Association for supporting the legislation.
Focuses on the success of the American Bar Association (ABA) in thwarting attempts in the United States Congress to sharply limit prisoners' access to federal courts under habeas corpus. Impact on ensuring the status of prisoners' legal rights.
Reports on the proposal by the American Bar Association for the U.S. Congress to repeal the McCarran-Ferguson antitrust exemption for the insurance industry. Inclusions of the proposal; Influence of existing laws in reducing competition and increasing insurance prices; Implications on laws governing the insurance industry.
Discusses the suit filed by Washington Legal Foundation and Public Citizen challenging the role of the American Bar Association (ABA) in the selection of federal judges in the U.S. U.S. Supreme Court case 'Public Citizen v. Department of Justice' and 'Washington Legal Foundation v. Department of Justice'; Allocation of power between Congress and the president; Restriction of the ABA Standing Committee on the Federal Judiciary in evaluating prospective nominees to professional qualifications.
DESECRATION of flags -- Law & legislation and ACTIONS & defenses (Law) -- United States
Reports on activities in the United States Congress for legislation banning or criminalizing flag desecration. Impact of the case, Texas v. Johnson; Judiciary Committee's approval of a bill that would amend a law stating it is a crime to `cast contempt' upon the U.S. flag; Senate Judiciary Committee's series of hearings on the issue of flag desecration.
DISABILITY laws and DISCRIMINATION against people with disabilities -- Law & legislation
Presents updates on the proposed Americans With Disabilities Act as of November 1989. Status of the legislation in the U.S. Congress; Protection provided to the handicapped against discrimination under the proposal; Key provisions of the legislation.
Reports on the disclosure made by U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee Chairman Joseph Biden that his committee will prioritize the reduction of litigation costs and trial delays in 1990. Review of recommendations in a report issued by the Brookings Institution and the Foundation for Change.
Details the action of the U.S. Senate of impeaching two federal-district court judges of their offices for committing high crimes and misdemeanors while serving on the bench. Details of the cases charged against Alcee L. Hastings of the Southern District of Florida court and Walter L. Nixon of the Southern District Mississippi; Reaction of the impeached judges to the Senate ruling. INSET: Other Fallen Judges.
Reports on the participation of the American Bar Association (ABA) in the effort to lobby the U.S. Congress to reform the habeas corpus. Recommendations released by ABA Task Force on Death Penalty Habeas Corpus for achieving a more effective system of review in state death-penalty cases; Difference in the viewpoints expressed by judges from five federal circuits on how habeas corpus should be altered.
GOVERNMENT agencies and PRO bono publico legal services
Reports that many observers in Congress and the legal community are taking a wait-and-see attitude towards the board of directors appointed to oversee the U.S. Legal Services Corp. Ideological disputes over how the quasi-governmental agency should be run; Impact on government programs to offer legal assistance to the poor.
Comments on the impeachment process conducted by the U.S. Senate. Unconstitutional procedures that are sharply biased against any high official facing removal from office; Recommendations to restore fairness in impeachment proceedings; Policy implications on administrative responsibility in government.
IMMIGRATION law, IMMIGRATION law -- United States, EMPLOYMENT discrimination -- United States, and CORPORATION law -- United States
Reports that the U.S. Congress is reviewing the employer-sanctions provisions of the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986. Impact of a General Accounting Office report citing widespread discrimination practices by employers; Policy implications on corporation law and the justice system. INSET: ON THE HILL: RECENT ABA TESTIMONY.
COURT congestion & delay, LEGAL costs, and LEGISLATION
Reports on the American Bar Association's (ABA) plan to slow down U.S. legislation aimed at reducing court expense and delay, in order to address concerns of both the judiciary and Congress. Aspects of Title I of the revised version of S. 2027; ABA Board of Governors' adoption of the recommendation of its special task force, the Civil Justice Reform Coordinating Committee.
Reports on the reintroduction of the Family and Medical Leave Act during the 102nd U.S. Congress. Key provisions; Presidential veto; American Bar Association's support for the bill. INSET: ON THE HILL.
LEGAL status of college athletes and LEGISLATIVE bills
Reports on the legislative bills being introduced in the United States Congress which aim to protect athletes of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA). Incidents that influenced legislators' decision to propose the bills; Cities involved in the campaign for tougher laws concerning NCAA athletes' protection.
CONSTITUTIONAL conventions and JUDGES -- United States
Relates U.S. district judge Bruce Van Sickle's call for a general constitutional convention in an article published in the January 1991 issue of the 'Hamline Law Review.' Number of state legislatures that have passed applications for a convention; Topics suggested by the states in Article V convention applications.
BAR associations, BAR associations -- Congresses, CONFERENCES & conventions, and ECONOMICS
Reports on the financial implications involved in holding the Washington State Bar Association's 1995 convention in Maui, Hawaii. Pros and cons of staging the convention in Hawaii; Need for the bar to restructure policies on convention expenses; Implications on bar policies.
SEPARATION of powers, JUDICIAL selection & appointment, and PRESIDENTS of the United States
Examines how the separation of powers in government applies to the appointment of Supreme Court justices in the U.S. Balance of power achieved from checks and balances between the President and the Senate; Historical precedent for the use of the Senate's constitutional power to advise on appointments to the Supreme Court.
Presents an argument concerning the role of the U.S. Congress in imposing content restrictions on grants and funds given out by the National Endowment for the Humanities. Role of the government in subsidizing what they consider offensive art; Pros and cons to government restrictions on artistic funding; Implications on laws concerning federal grants to the arts.
Cites the United States Sentencing Commission's approval of guidelines increasing penalties for corporations convicted of federal white-collar crimes. Authority of the U.S. Congress to approve the guidelines; Three alternatives from which judges should choose one which will give the largest fines; Reactions of both the business community and supporters of tougher sanctions.
COCAINE abuse, PARENTS, CHILD welfare, and DRUG abuse
Discusses the help being given by the American Bar Association to the United States Congress on the problem of cocaine use by parents. Impact of the epidemic on the federally supported state and local child welfare services; Medical and legal difficulties encountered by the states in the range of approaches to the problem; Expanded role of the courts in child protection cases.
ENVIRONMENTAL law and ENVIRONMENTAL impact charges
Focuses on the confusion arising from the interpretation of the secured creditor exemption in the United States Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980. Aim of protecting taxpayers by shifting the cost of cleaning up contaminated sites to the responsible owners and operators; Congress' intention in passing the provision; Court decisions nullifying the intent of the provisions.
UNITED States. Supreme Court -- Officials & employees and JUDGES -- United States
Reports that United States Senate Judiciary Committee chairman Joseph Biden called for an investigation of the ground rules for the evaluation of high court nominees. Conclusion of hearings on the confirmation of Judge Clarence Thomas to the Supreme Court; Description of Thomas' answers to committee questions as being too scripted and vague; Thomas' refusal to state concrete positions on important issues. INSET: Thomas Testimony.
Reports on the support of the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee to Justice Clarence Thomas to join the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, despite the sexual harassment charged against him. Background of the harassment charges; Results of the opinion polls regarding Thomas' confirmation.
MANDATORY sentences and MINORITIES -- United States
Discusses the impact of mandatory sentences enacted by the U.S. Congress on the system of sentencing guidelines. Way for Congress to exercise its power to direct sentencing policy; Opposition to mandatory minimums; Impact of mandatory sentences on minorities.
Presents an opposing views concerning the confirmation process of Justice Clarence Thomas by the U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee. Flaws of the Judiciary Committee; Possible solutions to the problems of Judiciary Committee.
COMMERCIAL arbitration agreements, ARBITRATION & award, and CLAUSES (Law)
Reports on mandatory-arbitration clauses endorsed by the United States Supreme Court in contracts between stockbrokers and their customers. Reaction of lawyers, clients and members of the US Congress to the clauses; Major provisions of the contracts.
CAMPAIGN funds -- Law & legislation and UNITED States elections
Focuses on the United States Congress and Senate's 1992 election campaign finance reform. Reduced rates for television advertising and third-class postage; Finance contributions of the American Bar Association in the US congressional and presidential elections since 1975.
JUSTICE administration, CIVIL law, and LEGISLATION
Reports on the separate proposals of U.S. Vice President Dan Quayle and the American Bar Association (ABA) for changing to nation's civil justice system. Quayle's 'Agenda for Civil Justice Reform in America'; ABA's 'Blueprint for Improving the Civil Justice System'; Introduction of legislation backed by the administration in the U.S. Congress.
Reports on the ratification of the 27th amendment to the U.S. Constitution on May 7, 1992 by the U.S. Congress. Proposal of the congressional pay-raise amendment by James Madison in 1789; Number of states which ratified the amendment since the 18th century.
Focuses on the proposed Religious Freedom Restoration Act in the U.S. Congress. Provisions to restore judicial standards used to evaluate freedom of religion cases; Potential impact of the bill on the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in 'Employment Division, Oregon Department of Human Resources v. Smith'; American Bar Association's support for the legislation. INSET: On the Hill: RECENT ABA TESTIMONY.
Discusses whether the U.S. Senate should have the final word on judicial impeachments or whether courts may review such decisions. Question raised in the October 1992 U.S. Supreme Court case 'Nixon v. U.S.'; Removal of Judge Walter L. Nixon Jr, as a federal judge from the Southern District of Mississippi in 1989; Nixon's contention that he was entitled to a hearing before the full U.S. Senate.
FINANCING of courts, JUSTICE administration, UNITED States -- Appropriations & expenditures, and FINANCE
Reports on the prospect of tight budgets allocated for federal courts as U.S. Congress cut appropriations for the fiscal year that began October 1992. Spending plan of the Judicial Conference of the United States; Justice areas that could see spending cuts.
Reports on the reorganization of the United States Congress following the November 1992 election of President Bill Clinton. Leaders reelected by the Congress; Positions that need replacements; House rules that will be changed by the body.
UNITED States. Congress -- Reform and AMERICAN Bar Association
Reports on the U.S. Congress' initiation of a process of self-analysis that it hopes will lead to substantial congressional reform. Hearings being held in the first half of 1993 by the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress; Identification of eight areas of congressional structure and procedure in which it will consider possible reforms; American Bar Association Section of Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice's formation of a Congressional Process Committee as a response to the Joint Committee's call for public comment.
FINANCING of courts, PUBLIC finance -- United States -- History, and UNITED States federal budget
Reports on the federal courts' demand for the U.S. Congress to give them additional budget. Financial problems facing federal courts; Amount requested by the judiciary to pay court-appointed lawyers and jurors in civil cases. INSET: Planning Ahead.
ABA Journal; Jul93, Vol. 79 Issue 7, p104, 1p, 1 Color Photograph
CHILD welfare -- Government policy
Reports on the inclusion of the American Bar Association (ABA) foster care initiative in President Bill Clinton's budget proposal to Congress. Grants for comprehensive studies of foster care litigation; Increased responsibilities of state courts in child protection and welfare cases; ABA's demand for doubled funding for courts initiative; Components of the foster care package. INSET: On the hill (ABA testimony)..
ABA Journal; Aug93, Vol. 79 Issue 8, p26, 2p, 3 Color Photographs
JUDGES, UNITED States. Supreme Court -- Officials & employees, and ARCHIVES
Reports on the controversy caused by the Washington, D.C.-based Library of Congress' release of the personal papers donated by the late United States Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall. Contents of the papers; Publication of articles about Thurgood's papers by `The Washington Post'; Chief Justice William Rehnquist's criticism of librarian James H. Billington; Reactions of justices, columnists and Marshall's former clerks. INSET: Behind the scenes..
ABA Journal; Aug93, Vol. 79 Issue 8, p90, 1p, 1 Color Photograph
REAL estate business laws
Focuses on the changes imposed on the real estate settlement process when the US Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) put into effect the final measure implementing the act adopted by Congress in 1974. Provisions of the federal Real Estate Settlement Procedures Act (RESPA); Underlying purpose of RESPA; Fines and possible sanctions for violations of RESPA provisions; Requirements for permissible referral.
ABA Journal; Aug93, Vol. 79 Issue 8, p107, 1p, 1 Color Photograph
CHILD support laws and CHILD welfare
Reports on the readiness of the US Congress to act on legislation that will improve the nation's child support system. Recommendations of the U.S. Commission on Interstate Child Support; Family Support Act of 1988; Increased federal role; Provisions of the bills; Comments of American Bar Association officials. INSET: On the hill..
ABA Journal; Sep93, Vol. 79 Issue 9, p18, 1p, 1 Color Photograph
GINSBURG, Ruth Bader, 1933-2020, UNITED States. Congress. Senate. Judiciary Committee, and UNITED States. Supreme Court
Reports on the hearings conducted by the Senate Judiciary Committee confirming the appointment of Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg as justice for the United States Supreme Court. Positions of Ginsburg on various issues presented by the senate committee; Support of the American Bar Association on the appointment of Ginsburg; Views of Ginsburg on abortion.
ABA Journal; Sep93, Vol. 79 Issue 9, p27, 1/4p, 1 Color Photograph
GOVERNMENT attorneys, WAGES, COURTS, and DEFICIT financing laws
Reports that the United States Congress passed a supplemental appropriations bill to make up for shortfalls in the federal judiciary budget. Payment of court-appointed lawyers; Budget shortfall faced by the judiciary system.
ABA Journal; Sep93, Vol. 79 Issue 9, p48, 2p, 1 Color Photograph
WASHINGTON (D.C.), UNITED States, MARSHALL, Thurgood, 1908-1993, UNITED States. Supreme Court, LIBRARY of Congress, FEIN, Bruce, and JOST, Kenneth
Presents opposing views of the authors concerning Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall's donation of his personal papers to the Library of Congress. Accusation on Marshall and the Library of Congress of jeopardizing the Supreme Court's confidentiality; Criticisms on the actions of Marshall by commentator Bruce Fein; Views of journalist Kenneth Jost on the transparency of the judicial system.
ABA Journal; Sep93, Vol. 79 Issue 9, p119, 1p, 1 Color Photograph
Reports that the American Bar Association (ABA) is urging the Congress to delay consideration of proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure governing discovery. Assessment of efforts by the federal district courts to streamline civil litigation; Features of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure developed by the US Judicial Conference.
ABA Journal; Jan1994, Vol. 80 Issue 1, p12, 2p, 1 Color Photograph
CHILD pornography -- Government policy and ACTIONS & defenses (Law)
Looks at the United States Justice Department's change of stance in child pornography in the Stephen Knox versus the United States case. Solicitor General Drew S. Days' defense of the department's move; Criticism of Thomas Jipping of the Free Congress Foundation; President Clinton's letter to Attorney General Janet Reno.
NUCLEAR weapons plants, ENVIRONMENTAL crimes, and CASE studies
Reports on the discontinuation of the Federal Bureau of Investigation in investigating the pollution crimes in Rocky Flats nuclear weapons plant near Denver, Colorado. Colorado grand jury's continuous investigation; Petitioning Congress for immunity from persecution.
ABA Journal; Feb94, Vol. 80 Issue 2, p28, 1p, 1 Black and White Photograph
CIVIL procedure and ACTIONS & defenses (Law)
Reports on a call for the removal of Rolf Larsen, a Pennsylvania Supreme Court justice, for making unsubstantiated allegations against two fellow justices. Suspension of Larsen from the court following his indictment; Recommendation for judicial reforms in court's operating procedures; Passing of a merit selection bill in the House of Congress.