Thesaurus: Peru, United States, economic aid, territorial waters, fishing rights, Author’s keywords: expropriation, History (General) and history of Europe, History (General), and D1-2009
The expropriation of U.S. companies —such as the International Petroleum Company— has been signaled in historiography as a decisive factor in determining the stance of the U.S. government towards Peru’s military regime. This study shows that Congressional motivations were rather of a political nature, associated with the seizure of U.S. fishing vessels within the 200 nautical miles of territorial waters claimed by Peru. Moreover, the policies implemented by Peru’s military government were used by a group of congressmen to advance their own agendas, criticizing U.S. foreign policy at a moment of conflict of powers between the Executive and the Congress.
The American Constitution scatters political power across a wide spectrum of positions within the government. First, it divides power in significant ways between the national government and the various state governments, and further fragments the power of the national government among the three major branches. Historical developments have carried this fragmentation well beyond the framers’ intention. Today, significant decision-making power is located in numerous sub-units of the three branch...
Andris, Clio, Lee, David, J. Hamilton, Marcus, Martino, Mauro, E. Gunning, Christian, and Armistead Selden, John
Biological Sciences, Science Policy, U.S, Republican Party members, partisanship, party lines, and United States Congress
It is widely reported that partisanship in the United States Congress is at an historic high. Given that individuals are persuaded to follow party lines while having the opportunity and incentives to collaborate with members of the opposite party, our goal is to measure the extent to which legislators tend to form ideological relationships with members of the opposite party. We quantify the level of cooperation, or lack thereof, between Democrat and Republican Party members in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1949–2012. We define a network of over 5 million pairs of representatives, and compare the mutual agreement rates on legislative decisions between two distinct types of pairs: those from the same party and those formed of members from different parties. We find that despite short-term fluctuations, partisanship or non-cooperation in the U.S. Congress has been increasing exponentially for over 60 years with no sign of abating or reversing. Yet, a group of representatives continue to cooperate across party lines despite growing partisanship.
Serbian Journal of Management, Vol 10, Iss 2, Pp 269-277 (2015)
Open World Program, United States Congress, international cooperation, Management. Industrial management, and HD28-70
This Editor Note is aiming to promote the efforts of the Open World Program in its mission to enhance understanding and capabilities for cooperation between the United States and the countries of Eurasia by developing a network of leaders in the region who have gained significant, firsthand exposure to America’s democratic, accountable government and its free-market system (www.openworld.gov). The text written in this article is based on the facts about the program, obtained from Mrs. Milena Otašević, former Program Coordinator of the Open World Program in Serbia and personal experience of Ivan Mihajlović, Editor in Chief of SJM, who had opportunity to be included as participant in this program during the year 2014. The goal of this text is to give additional acknowledgement for this noble intention of the United States Congress, which is the founding institution of the Program and to familiarize the opportunity to be included in this program initiative to vide SJM audience.