Reacting to an unexpected Supreme Court ruling, Congress cleared a bill in 1996 to restore the prohibition against lying to Congress or the judiciary. The measure (HR 3166—PL 104-292) carved out a broad exception, however, for testimony about legislative proposals and other lobbying activities.
General Government & Civil Service, Federal Contracts & Procurement, Law & Justice, Constitutional Law, Civil Liberties, & Individual Rights, and Claims against the Government
Sovereign immunity bars an award of interest to an attorney who wins a fee award against the federal government under the 1964 Civil Rights Act — even if the interest is intended to compensate him for the delay in payment.
National Review. 5/6/2019, Vol. 71 Issue 8, p38-40. 3p.
UNITED States. Congress, LEGISLATIVE power -- United States, EXECUTIVE power -- United States, UNITED States. Constitution, ROOSEVELT, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945, LEGISLATION, and UNITED States -- Politics government
The author, a U.S. senator, argues that the U.S. Congress must stem the expansion of executive power within the U.S. government by reasserting and utilizing the legislative powers and responsibilities granted by the U.S. Constitution. He discusses former U.S. president Franklin Roosevelt's initiation of the administrative state. The article also discusses the U.S. legislation the National Emergencies Act (NEA).
National Review. 10/1/2018, Vol. 70 Issue 18, p27-29. 3p.
UNITED States. Congress, UNITED States. Constitution, EXECUTIVE power -- United States, SEPARATION of powers -- United States, and UNITED States -- Politics government
The article discusses the construction and function of the U.S. Congress as mandated by the U.S. Constitution, efforts to streamline its built-in inefficiencies and address questions concerning the concept of separation of powers, and whether the Constitution needs to be amended to address what is termed presidentialism, or the prominence of the executive branch.
UNITED States. Congress -- History, UNITED States. Congress -- Officials employees, UNITED States. Congress -- Powers duties, UNITED States. Congress -- Public opinion, UNITED States legislators, and UNITED States -- Politics government -- 2009-2017
The article reflects upon the Congress in the U.S. as of 2016. Particular focus is given to issues in the legislative, executive and judicial branches of government in the U.S. Additional topics discussed include the presidency of Barack Obama, the Administrative Procedure Act and the author's observations on Constitutionalism.
U.S. Congress & Politics, Campaigns & Elections, and Voters & Voting Rights
The city of Monroe, Georgia, was allowed to use a majority voting system for local elections even though it did not obtain specific approval under the Voting Rights Act to change from a plurality system.
National Review. 6/22/2020, Vol. 72 Issue 11, p4-12. 6p. 3 Color Photographs, 1 Illustration.
BOUNDARY disputes, CHINA-India relations, NATIONAL security -- Law legislation, INTERNATIONAL relations, UNITED States presidential election, 2020, and INCOME tax -- United States
The article offers world news briefs as of June 2020. Topics include the announcement by U.S. President Donald Trump that the U.S. is withdrawing as World Health Organization (WHO) member, the Chinese government's aggressive action in its border dispute with India, the imposition by China's National People's Congress of a national security law on Hong Kong, and the promise of U.S. Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden not to raise taxes on households making less than 400,000 dollars.
General Government & Civil Service, Census & Population Data, Law & Justice, Constitutional Law, Civil Liberties, & Individual Rights, Separation of Powers, U.S. Congress & Politics, Campaigns & Elections, and Reapportionment & Redistricting
A 1941 federal law for allocating members of the U.S. House of Representatives is constitutional, the Court ruled, rejecting a challenge by the state of Montana that the statute violates the constitutional guarantee of equal representation, known as 'one person, one vote.'
U.S. Congress & Politics, Campaigns & Elections, and Campaign Finance
An extortion conviction under the Hobbs Act, arising from an elected official's receipt of a campaign contribution, requires a 'quid pro quo,' the realization of some benefit to the contributor, as a condition that the money be given.
Law & Justice, Judicial Jurisdiction, U.S. Congress & Politics, Campaigns & Elections, and Voters & Voting Rights
In two separate opinions on related controversies, the Court said the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended in 1982, applies to elections for judges. The rulings paved the way for major changes in how many states, particularly in the South, elect judges. An estimated forty states use ballots to select some or all of their judges.
In April 1985, as required by Public Law 98-371, the NASA Advanced Technology Advisory Committee (ATAC) reported to Congress the results of its studies on advanced automation and robotics technology for use on Space Station Freedom. This material was documented in the initial report (NASA Technical Memorandum 87566). A further requirement of the law was that ATAC follow NASA's progress in this area and report to Congress semiannually. The report describes the progress made by Levels 1, 2 and 3 of the Office Space Station in developing and applying advanced automation and robotics technology. Emphasis has been placed upon the Space Station Freedom Program responses to specific recommendations made in ATAC Progress Report 11, the status of the Flight Telerobotic Servicer, and the status of the Advanced Development Program. In addition, an assessment is provided of the automation and robotics status of the Canadian Space Station Program.
National Review. 4/20/2020, Vol. 72 Issue 7, p29-31. 3p. 1 Color Photograph.
LEGISLATION, COVID-19, UNITED States. Congress, CORONAVIRUS diseases, EMERGENCY management, and PUBLIC health laws
The article discusses the role of the U.S. Congress during a public-health crisis like the coronavirus disease as of April 2020. Also cited are the laws enacted by legislators to fight the disease like the measures to provide grants and public-health resources to treat patients, protect the workers, and provide payroll-tax credit to employers, and the public approval of the performance of Congress during the crisis.
In April 1985, as required by Public Law 98-371, the NASA Advanced Technology Advisory Committee (ATAC) reported to Congress the results of its studies on advanced automation and robotics technology for use on the Space Station Freedom. This material was documented in the initial report (NASA Technical Memorandum 87566). A further requirement of the law was that ATAC follow NASA's progress in this area and report to Congress semiannually. This report is the ninth in a series of progress updates and covers the period between February 24, 1989, and July 12, 1989. NASA has accepted the basic recommendation of ATAC for its Space Station Freedom efforts. ATAC and NASA agree that the thrust of Congress is to build an advanced automation and robotics technology base that will support an evolutionary Space Station program and serve as a highly visible stimulator, affecting the U.S. long-term economy. The work of NASA and the Freedom contractors, e.g., Work Packages, as well as the Flight Telerobotic Servicer is identified. Research in progress is also described and assessments of the advancement of automation and robotics technology on the Space Station Freedom are given.