Traces victim-focused congressional activity surrounding victims of crime from 1960 to 1992 in the United States. Definition of victimology; Beginning of the federal government's concern with crime and victims; Approval of the Federal Victim and Witness Protection Act; Legislation passed by Congress to aid victims of monetary compensations; Factors that influence legislative responses.
CHILD sexual abuse & psychology, CORRECTIONAL institutions, CULTURE, MEN, MENTAL health services, PRISON psychology, RAPE, LOGISTIC regression analysis, LGBTQ+ people, and PATIENT refusal of treatment
In 2003, Congress passed the Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). Although subsequent research to PREA has shed light on the prevalence and incidence of sexual violence in American prisons, few studies examine inmates' perceptions of rape and safety from rape in prison. Even less is known about how inmates' perceptions of rape influence mental health treatment–seeking behavior during incarceration. Using a sample of incarcerated men, this study adds to the limited body of research by examining the perceived fear of rape and mental health treatment–seeking behavior in two vulnerable prison populations—gay and bisexual inmates and inmates with a history of childhood sexual abuse. Compared with straight inmates, gay and bisexual inmates were approximately two times more likely to perceive that rape was a threat and three times more likely to voluntarily request mental health treatment in prison. Inmates with a history of childhood sexual abuse were over twice as likely to perceive the threat of rape and nearly four times more likely to request mental health treatment than inmates who did not report a history of childhood sexual abuse. Policy, practice implications, and recommendations for future research are discussed. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]