The role of Congress is essential to any study of American government and politics. It would be impossible to gain a complete understanding of the American system of government without an appreciation of the nature and workings of this essential body. This is an introductory text aimed at undergraduate students studying American politics and American society. It looks at the workings of the US Congress and uses the Republican period of ascendancy, which lasted from 1994 until 2000, as an example of how the Congress works in practice. The book illustrates the basic principles of Congress using contemporary and recent examples, while also drawing attention to the changes that took place in the 1990s. The period of Republican control is absent from many of the standard texts and is of considerable academic interest for a number of reasons, not least the 1994 election, the budget deadlock in 1995 and the Clinton impeachment scandal of 1999. The book traces the origin and development of the US Congress, before looking in depth at the role of representatives and senators, the committee system, parties in Congress, and the relationship between Congress and the President, the media and interest groups.
Marston, Jerrilyn Greene and Marston, Jerrilyn Greene
Executive power--United States--History--18th century
A persuasive reassessment of the nature of the institution that was in the forefront of the American revolutionary struggle with Great Britain--the Continental Congress. Providing a completely new perspective on the history of the First and Second Continental Congresses before independence, the author argues that American expectations regarding the proper functions of a legitimate central government were formed under the British monarchy, and that these functions were primarily executive.Originally published in 1987.The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
Zimmerman, Joseph Francis and Zimmerman, Joseph Francis
Interstate relations--United States, State governments--United States, and Federal government--United States
An insightful reassessment of the relationship between the U.S. Congress and the states.Reassessing the relationship between the federal government and the states, Congress: Facilitator of State Action examines how the U.S. Congress routinely and necessarily devolves power to the states. A host of congressional statutes reveal the ways in which the U.S. Congress facilitates state action to solve certain problems, including the enforcement of respective criminal laws. Financial and nonfinancial assistance to the states are elucidated and assessed, including technical assistance and the establishment of such programs as the National Driver Register. Comprehensive and timely, this book illuminates a key dynamic in the country's political system and offers a more complex and accurate theory of federalism.Joseph F. Zimmerman is Professor of Political Science at the University at Albany, State University of New York. His many books include Contemporary American Federalism: The Growth of National Power, Second Edition; The Silence of Congress: State Taxation of Interstate Commerce; and The Government and Politics of New York State: Second Edition, all published by SUNY Press.Joseph F. Zimmerman is Professor of Political Science at the University at Albany, State University of New York. His many books include Contemporary American Federalism: The Growth of National Power, Second Edition; The Silence of Congress: State Taxation of Interstate Commerce; and The Government and Politics of New York State: Second Edition, all published by SUNY Press.
Finkelman, Paul, United States Capitol Historical Society, Kennon, Donald R., Finkelman, Paul, United States Capitol Historical Society, and Kennon, Donald R.
Slavery--United States--Legal status of slaves in free states, Fugitive slaves--Legal status, laws, etc.--United States, Slavery--United States--Extension to the territories, Slavery--Political aspects--United States--History--19th century, Sectionalism (United States)--History--19th century, and Slavery--Law and legislation--United States--History--19th century
During the long decade from 1848 to 1861 America was like a train speeding down the track, without an engineer or brakes. The new territories acquired from Mexico had vastly increased the size of the nation, but debate over their status—and more importantly the status of slavery within them—paralyzed the nation. Southerners gained access to the territories and a draconian fugitive slave law in the Compromise of 1850, but this only exacerbated sectional tensions. Virtually all northerners, even those who supported the law because they believed that it would preserve the union, despised being turned into slave catchers. In 1854, in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, Congress repealed the ban on slavery in the remaining unorganized territories. In 1857, in the Dred Scott case, the Supreme Court held that all bans on slavery in the territories were unconstitutional. Meanwhile, northern whites, free blacks, and fugitive slaves resisted the enforcement of the 1850 fugitive slave law. In Congress members carried weapons and Representative Preston Brooks assaulted Senator Charles Sumner with a cane, nearly killing him. This was the decade of the 1850s and these were the issues Congress grappled with. This volume of new essays examines many of these issues, helping us better understand the failure of political leadership in the decade that led to the Civil War. Contributors Spencer R. Crew Paul Finkelman Matthew Glassman Amy S. Greenberg Martin J. Hershock Michael F. Holt Brooks D. Simpson Jenny Wahl
To understand American politics and government, we need to recognize not only that members of Congress are agents of societal interests and preferences but also that they act with a certain degree of autonomy and consequence in the country's public sphere. In this illuminating book, a distinguished political scientist examines actions performed by members of Congress throughout American history, assessing their patterns and importance and their role in the American system of separation of powers.David R. Mayhew examines standard history books on the United States and identifies more than two thousand actions by individual members of the House and Senate that are significant enough to be mentioned. Mayhew offers insights into a wide range of matters, from the nature of congressional opposition to presidents and the surprising frequency of foreign policy actions to the timing of notable activity within congressional careers (and the way that congressional term limits might affect these performances). His book sheds new light on the contributions to U.S. history made by members of Congress.
Campbell, Colton C., Auerswald, David P., Campbell, Colton C., and Auerswald, David P.
Civil-military relations--United States
While the president is the commander in chief, the US Congress plays a critical and underappreciated role in civil-military relations—the relationship between the armed forces and the civilian leadership that commands it. This unique book edited by Colton C. Campbell and David P. Auerswald will help readers better understand the role of Congress in military affairs and national and international security policy. Contributors include the most experienced scholars in the field as well as practitioners and innovative new voices, all delving into the ways Congress attempts to direct the military.This book explores four tools in particular that play a key role in congressional action: the selection of military officers, delegation of authority to the military, oversight of the military branches, and the establishment of incentives—both positive and negative—to encourage appropriate military behavior. The contributors explore the obstacles and pressures faced by legislators including the necessity of balancing national concerns and local interests, partisan and intraparty differences, budgetary constraints, the military's traditional resistance to change, and an ongoing lack of foreign policy consensus at the national level. Yet, despite the considerable barriers, Congress influences policy on everything from closing bases to drone warfare to acquisitions.A groundbreaking study, Congress and Civil-Military Relations points the way forward in analyzing an overlooked yet fundamental government relationship.
Idaho Statesman, The (Boise, ID), June 25, 2020 editorials, 3pp
If you thought last week's U.S. Supreme Court ruling blocking President Donald Trump's attempt to end legal protections for hundreds of thousands of immigrants brought to the United States as children was good news, you're only partially right. Thursday's 5-4 ruling was only a temporary reprieve. President Donald Trump said Friday he will renew his effort to end the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals program, or DACA, put in place by his predecessor, President Barack Obama...
Targeted News Service (USA), June 27, 2020 Public Policy, 4pp
BOSTON, Massachusetts, June 27 -- Fight for the Future, an advocacy group for digital rights, issued the following news release: Lawmakers in the House and Senate jointly introduced legislation that effectively bans law enforcement use of facial recognition in the United States. The Facial Recognition and Biometric Technology Moratorium Act of 2020 is sponsored by Senators Markey and Merkley as well as Representatives Jayapal and Pressley...
Targeted News Service (USA), June 27, 2020 Public Policy, 3pp
WASHINGTON, June 27 -- The Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence issued the following news release: Brady applauds the U.S. House of Representatives for passing H.R. 51, the Washington, D.C. Admission Act, which would admit the District of Columbia into the Union as Washington, Douglas Commonwealth, the 51st state. Though the House has voted on bills considering D.C...
Wolf Blitzer, Ryan Young, Jim Acosta, Van Jones, L
Situation Room, The [CNN] (USA), June 15, 2020 News; Domestic, 25pp
[18:00:48] ANNOUNCER: This is CNN breaking news. WOLF BLITZER, CNN HOST: We want to welcome our viewers here in the United States and around the world. I'm Wolf Blitzer in THE SITUATION ROOM. We're following breaking news on demands for racial justice after the police killing of yet another African-American man...
Natalie Allen, Salma Abdelaziz, Anna Coren, John D
CNN Newsroom [CNN] (USA), June 15, 2020 News; Domestic, 11pp
[04:30:00] (COMMERCIAL BREAK) NATALIE ALLEN, CNN ANCHOR: Welcome back to our viewers here in the United States and around the world. I'm Natalie Allen. You're watching CNN NEWSROOM live from Atlanta. More protests are expected in the hours ahead after cities across the U.S. marked a 20th straight day of demonstrations on Sunday...
DALLAS, June 24, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Dr. Tre Pennie, U.S. Candidate for Texas Congressional District 30, announces a new economic recovery plan called EARN-IT. The plan was created in response to the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic and civil unrest relating to the George Floyd murder. These problems stem from the culmination of 50-years of failed socioeconomic policy that have marginalized the interests of communities of color for years...
Targeted News Service (USA), June 25, 2020 U.S. Executive Branch, 2pp
JACKSON, Mississippi, June 25 -- The U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Mississippi, Mike Hurst, issued the following news release: Newton Wade Townsend, 52, of Brandon, Mississippi, was indicted Tuesday by a federal grand jury and charged with making a threat against public officials, announced U.S. Attorney Mike Hurst and U.S...
WASHINGTON, June 25, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- In response to the Senate health committee's white paper on preparing for future pandemics, AACC sent a letter to committee leadership detailing four key steps the government should take to ready the U.S. for the next outbreak. AACC urges the health committee to address these recommendations in future pandemic legislation, as they are crucial to preventing another public health crisis like the one COVID-19 has caused...
Targeted News Service (USA), June 23, 2020 Public Policy, 2pp
WASHINGTON, June 23 -- The U.S. Chamber of Commerce issued the following news release: The U.S. Chamber of Commerce honored 210 members of the U.S. House of Representatives and 49 members of the U.S. Senate with its annual Spirit of Enterprise Award (https://www.uschamber.com/how-they-voted/2019#/), given in recognition of their support for pro-growth policies in the first session of the 116th Congress...
Targeted News Service (USA), June 23, 2020 Congress (House/Senate), 2pp
WASHINGTON, June 23 -- Rep. Colin Allred, D-Texas, issued the following news release: Congressman Colin Allred (TX-32) received the Spirit of Enterprise award from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce for his work in support of the business community in Congress. The award is given in recognition of support for pro-growth and pro-business policies as well as bipartisanship...
Targeted News Service (USA), June 20, 2020 Public Policy, 1pp
ALEXANDRIA, Virginia, June 20 -- TESOL International Association issued the following news release: TESOL has issued it's policy recommendations for the remainder of the 116th United States Congress, which ends its current term in January 2021. Highlights of TESOL's legislative priorities include: * Increased funding for K-12 English learners (ELs) through Title III of the Every Student Succeeds Act...
Targeted News Service (USA), June 20, 2020 Public Policy, 4pp
WASHINGTON, June 20 -- Human Rights Watch issued the following news release on June 19: The United States Congress should voice its support for the Open Technology Fund (OTF), a broad coalition of organizations and individuals committed to internet freedom said in a letter to members of Congress yesterday. The fund is an independent nonprofit grantee of the United States Agency for Global Media (USAGM)...