Antisemitism -- History -- United States -- 1945-, Jews -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States, and American Jewish Congress
The victory over the Nazi regime in 1945 caused many Americans to turn their attention to the elimination of racism and prejudice at home. The Holocaust united the American Jewish community to fight against antisemitism with the goal of eliminating it forever. Changes in the Jewish leadership moved national Jewish organizations to join the Blacks' struggle for civil rights. Between 1945-50 the American Jewish Congress designed a legal attack on discrimination that was founded on the assumption that law and social science could be merged. The ideological basis of this campaign was put forward by two emigre scholars, Kurt Lewin and Alexander Pekelis. Two commissions were established in the framework of the AJC to this end, with different conceptions of how to merge science and law. The AJC was resolved to focus on all forms of discrimination rather than only on antisemitism. The AJC's scientific approach contributed to the dismantling of legalized segregation and reduction in antisemitism after 1950.
Rabbis -- Attitudes, Rabbis -- United States, Jews -- History -- United States -- 19th century, Jews -- History -- United States -- 20th century, Jews -- Political activity -- History, and Judaism and state -- Congresses