Starik, Mark, editor, Sharma, Sanjay, editor, Egri, Carolyn, editor, Bunch, Rick, editor, and Roger S., editor
New Horizons in Research on Sustainable Organisations. 2005 Aug 09 1(67):38-59
The next environmentalism: Creating a new political dynamic for progress in the us
Environmental sustainability practice and research have advanced over the past decade from novelty to near-mainstream status today. During this environmentally critical time period, sustainability practitioner techniques, such as environmental, energy and social auditing, other sustainability information and related systems, and a wide variety of environmental sustainability approaches have been developed, improved and institutionalised, advancing both the practice and research of environmental sustainability management and policy. However, academics and practitioners in the sustainability field still have widely differing perspectives on what a sustainable organisation is or might be, but seldom take the opportunity to share these respective sustainability visions, let alone the multiple ways to achieve them. This book, the first volume in the series New Horizons in Research on Sustainable Organisations, is intended to bridge this gap between academics and practitioners with biannual cutting-edge research from both groups on progress towards sustainability. Relations between the President and the Congress were uneasy, to say the least. The President's conservative opponents on Capitol Hill —particularly those from western states—opposed him on ideological as well as personal grounds; some thought him unfit for office. These tensions came to the fore in the debate over federal land policy in the west. The westerners chafed against what they saw as an already too great federal role in their land—much of which was owned by the federal government. These fights spilled over into the appropriations process, whereby prominent western representatives sought to slash the budgets of key federal land agencies and added legislative language to key spending bills that would have placed restrictions on executive power over land use issues.At the same time, the White House was under pressure from environmental advocates not to back down. But with his opponents in control of the Congress the President's options seemed limited. He did, however, have a few tools in his toolbox—including the Preservation of America's Antiquities Act of 1906. The Antiquities Act gave the President unilateral authority to foreclose development and other harmful activities on federal lands. Knowing full well that there would be a political outcry from the west, and in the face of potentially negative electoral consequences for his party, the President nonetheless set aside huge tracts of federal land throughout the region. This was the state of environmental politics in 1907.