Journal of Radio & Audio Media. Jan2013, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p102-116. 15p. 1 Chart.
Radio broadcasting, National Labor Relations Act (U.S.), and Labor unions
The most important fight to bring independent unionism to American broadcasting stations emerged during the American Federation of Labor (AFL) vs. Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) battle for supremacy in 1937. U.S. radio technicians gained collective bargaining contracts first through management-dominated professional associations (company unions), and later in independent labor organizations such as NABET, the IBEW, IATSE, and the ACA. The important work of these labor organizations would not have been realized had it not been for two key New Deal labor reforms: the National Industrial Recovery Act and the Wagner Act in 1933 and 1935, respectively. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Labor movement, Enterprise unions, and Labor leaders
John L. Lewis' address at the 1935 American Federation of Labor (AFL) convention functioned as an important rationale for the formation of the Congress of Industrial Organization (CIO), which quickly became the nation's largest organization representing unskilled workers. This essay examines the ways in which Lewis argued against the AFL's model of craft-based unionism. Although Lewis failed to persuade the AFL, he succeeded in positioning himself as the leader who would lead the nation's unorganized laborers. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Journalism History. Fall2012, Vol. 38 Issue 3, p142-155. 14p.
Labor unions & mass media, American newspapers, Twentieth century, American journalism -- History, Journalists -- United States, Labor disputes -- United States, Newspaper strikes, White collar workers, Labor-management committees, History, Societies, and Labor unions
The early years of the American Newspaper Guild were filled with intense internal conflict as well as determined resistance from publishers. Starting in 1933, Guild members engaged in a vigorous debate about whether the organization should be a professional society or a trade union wielding the threat of a strike. Faced with publisher opposition and frustrated by government labor-management mechanisms, the Guild affiliated with the American Federation of Labor in 1936 and a year later joined the more militant Congress of Industrial Organizations, launching a campaign to organize commercial employees. Many journalists who opposed the Guild were alienated by leftist leadership in national offices during the late 1930s and in prominent local offices until the late 1940s. This article uses archival records and contemporary accounts to examine the growth of the Guild, a pioneering white-collar union that faced numerous obstacles. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]