Antisemitism -- History -- United States -- 1945-, Jews -- Legal status, laws, etc. -- United States, and American Jewish Congress
The victory over the Nazi regime in 1945 caused many Americans to turn their attention to the elimination of racism and prejudice at home. The Holocaust united the American Jewish community to fight against antisemitism with the goal of eliminating it forever. Changes in the Jewish leadership moved national Jewish organizations to join the Blacks' struggle for civil rights. Between 1945-50 the American Jewish Congress designed a legal attack on discrimination that was founded on the assumption that law and social science could be merged. The ideological basis of this campaign was put forward by two emigre scholars, Kurt Lewin and Alexander Pekelis. Two commissions were established in the framework of the AJC to this end, with different conceptions of how to merge science and law. The AJC was resolved to focus on all forms of discrimination rather than only on antisemitism. The AJC's scientific approach contributed to the dismantling of legalized segregation and reduction in antisemitism after 1950.
Rabbis -- Attitudes, Rabbis -- United States, Jews -- History -- United States -- 19th century, Jews -- History -- United States -- 20th century, Jews -- Political activity -- History, and Judaism and state -- Congresses
Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945), World War, 1939-1945 -- Diplomatic history, and Jews -- History -- United States -- 1939-1945
Documents the failure of the American Jewish community, especially influential groups like the American Jewish Congress and leaders like Rabbi Stephen Wise, to exert political pressure on the White House to bomb Auschwitz or otherwise force the Nazis to halt the genocide of the Jews. There were those who, from the fall of 1942, did urge American action, and who were not worried about arousing antisemitism in America or insecure about their own positions, but they were marginal - new immigrants like A. Leon Kubowitzki and Revisionist Zionists, like the Bergson group. However, the more Americanized leaders, with stature and clout, were reluctant to take a stand that might have changed American policy. Thus, President Roosevelt could let the War Department have its way in rejecting requests to bomb the death camps or the railways leading to them.