UNITED States. Congress, INTERGROUP relations, UNITED States. Congress. Senate, UNITED States. Congress. House, POLITICAL affiliation, POLITICAL parties, and STATISTICAL models
• Political polarization can take both weak and strong forms, defined by intergroup relations. • Positive and negative political ties can be inferred from patterns of bill co-sponsorship. • Both chambers of the US Congress have grown more polarized since the 1970s. • Trends in congressional polarization are unrelated to which party holds the majority. Claims that the United States Congress is (becoming more) polarized are widespread, but what is polarization? In this paper, I draw on notions of intergroup relations to distinguish two forms. Weak polarization occurs when relations between the polarized groups are merely absent, while strong polarization occurs when the relations between the polarized groups are negative. I apply the Stochastic Degree Sequence Model to data on bill co-sponsorship in both the U.S. House of Representatives and U.S. Senate, from 1973 (93rd session) to 2016 (114th session) to infer a series of signed networks of political relationships among legislators, which I then use to answer two research questions. First, can the widely reported finding of increasing weak polarization in the U.S. Congress be replicated when using a statistical model to make inferences about when positive political relations exist? Second, is the (increasing) polarization observed in the U.S. Congress only weak polarization, or is it strong polarization? I find that both chambers exhibit both weak and strong polarization, that both forms are increasing, and that they are structured by political party affiliation. However, I also find these trends are unrelated to which party holds the majority in a chamber. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
New Hampshire Business Review. 10/26/2018, Vol. 40 Issue 23, p1-19. 3p.
EDWARDS, Eddie, PAPPAS, Chris, KUSTER, Annie, POLITICAL candidates, UNITED States Congressional elections, TRUMP, Donald, 1946-, TARIFF -- United States, and HEALTH care reform -- United States
Several interviews with the U.S. Congress candidates including Republican Eddie Edwards, Democrat Chris Pappas and Democrat Annie Kuster are presented. Topics include their positions on President Donald Trump administration's stance on tariffs and trade negotiations; additional health care reform proposals and federal policies on renewables and energy efficiencies.
The Oregon Bankers Association and Community Banks of Oregon applaud the U.S. Congress’s passage of the CARES Act, an important federal stimulus bill. Oregon’s banks are very aware of the economic challenges resulting from the coronavirus pandemic and are deploying assistance to their impacted customers and communities in a variety of ways. The stimulus bill contains several important provisions to enhance how banks of all sizes can help Oregonians and Oregon businesses through this crisis. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
WASHINGTON, May 4, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Today, the Task Force on American Innovation—a coalition of companies, business and university associations, and professional societies that support sustained and robust federal investment in basic science research – joined 17 other business, science, technology, and academic organizations in urging Congress to include the investments necessary to ensure the future health of the U.S. research enterprise in any additional coronavirus response legislation that is considered. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
WASHINGTON, July 1, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- The parents of three U.S. Army Special Forces members murdered at the King Faisal Air Base in Jordan in 2016 today urged Congress to call for the extraditions of the Jordanian soldier that killed their sons and a convicted Jordanian terrorist tied to a suicide bombing that killed 15 civilians, including two Americans, and wounded 130. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
DALLAS, June 24, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Dr. Tre Pennie, U.S. Candidate for Texas Congressional District 30, announces a new economic recovery plan called EARN-IT. The plan was created in response to the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic and civil unrest relating to the George Floyd murder. These problems stem from the culmination of 50-years of failed socioeconomic policy that have marginalized the interests of communities of color for years. EARN-IT seeks to leverage public works projects and networks to enhance workforce training, education, and volunteerism for underserved communities. Under EARN-IT, government will play its traditional role of supporting community initiatives, but corporations and the people will have an opportunity to earn economic and social rewards based on their contributions to the recovery process. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
Open Pharma Research, a platform for information exchange and networking in the life sciences, today announced the introduction of Lab of the Future USA. The event will see major life science and pharmaceutical companies, research institutes and service companies gather on the 19-20th May 2020 at Hilton Back Bay in Boston, USA. The event follows the highly successful Lab of the Future UK Europe event, which saw more than 300 senior pharma executives meet to discuss the latest advancements in the life science industry. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
CHICAGO, March 19, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Today, in response to the COVID-19 crisis that is crippling America, YMCA of the USA joined more than 40 leading nonprofit organizations in urging Congress to pass $60 billion in support for nonprofits and to pass key policy recommendations to support the efforts of nonprofits that are working on the ground to meet community needs. These leading nonprofits stressed to Congress the urgency of taking dramatic and immediate action to support the nonprofit sector, as the sector's service is needed like never before. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
WASHINGTON, April 18, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- As lawmakers in Washington debate the next coronavirus response package, critical resources for American cities hang in the balance. The U.S. Conference of Mayors (USCM) continues to call on Congress to make federal support available to all U.S. cities. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
WASHINGTON, April 14, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- YWCA USA, Goodwill Industries International and United Way Worldwide, which collectively employ more than 155,000 people and reach more than 95 percent of U.S. communities, urged Congress to designate a Nonprofit Sector Track within the next COVID-19 economic stimulus package, and identified four critical priorities that would address the specific needs of the nonprofit sector. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
CHICAGO, March 20, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- A nonprofit coalition comprising Easterseals, Caring Across Generations, Justice in Aging and The Arc of the United States today announced a formal request to Congress to incorporate provisions for caregivers in its recently passed "Families First Coronavirus Response Act." The current version of the legislation allows for 10 sick days and 12 weeks of paid leave for workers. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
WASHINGTON, June 25, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- In response to the Senate health committee's white paper on preparing for future pandemics, AACC sent a letter to committee leadership detailing four key steps the government should take to ready the U.S. for the next outbreak. AACC urges the health committee to address these recommendations in future pandemic legislation, as they are crucial to preventing another public health crisis like the one COVID-19 has caused. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
WASHINGTON, May 29, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Today Jennifer Carpenter, President & CEO of the American Waterways Operators, testified before the House Transportation and Infrastructure Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation on the status of the U.S. maritime supply chain during the COVID-19 pandemic. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
Indianapolis Business Journal. 2/8/2019, Vol. 39 Issue 50, p4C-5C. 2p.
COATS, Dan, 1943-, NATIONAL security -- United States, and TRUMP, Donald, 1946-
The article presents the author's insights regarding how Dan Coats, director of the U.S. national intelligence, has showed integrity in presenting a report to the Senate regarding worldwide threats in which he contradicted President Donald Trump.
New York Times. 1/17/2019, Vol. 168 Issue 58210, pF2-F16. 15p.
ERNST, Joni, 1970-, CASTOR, Kathy, WOMEN politicians, UNITED States. Congress, and UNITED States -- Politics government -- 2017-
The article offers information on several American women who were elected in certain positions in the 116th Congress of the U.S. People who were mentioned include Iowa Senator Joni Ernst, a female combat veteran, Florida Representative Kathy Castor, and Washington Representative Kim Shrier, the only woman physician in the Congress.