Katarina Mostarac, Zvonko Kavran, and Estera Rakić
Promet (Zagreb), Vol 31, Iss 2, Pp 173-183 (2019)
universal postal service, accessibility indicator, gravity model, distance-decay parameter, Transportation engineering, and TA1001-1280
Universal service providers have an obligation to provide a minimum required set of postal services – known as universal service obligation. To ensure universal service obligation, regulatory measures (criteria) which service providers must fulfil are often set up. In this paper, a geographical analysis of these criteria is conducted using current regulatory framework in the Republic of Croatia as an example. Based on the framework of the gravity model, accessibility of postal service is presented. The goal of the proposed research is to investigate the application of the gravity model for determining postal service accessibility, with special emphasis on rural areas. To our knowledge, this method has not been used in previous studies to determine accessibility of postal services. The results of the applied model could be used in future planning of access density criteria with various transportation modes.
Tenders are invited for Provision of Postal service and auxiliary documentation preparation service. Budget base for tender: Importe 59.109,85 EUR. Importe (sin impuestos) 51.126,19 EUR. Estimated value of the contract: [...]
A onetime U.S. Postal Service employee in western Minnesota has admitted to vigorously participating in dog agility events while cheating the government out of more than $100,000 in federal disability [...]
Misao Takano, Kohta Iwahashi, Ikuo Satoh, Junko Araki, Takuya Kinami, Yuzuru Ikushima, Toshiya Fukuhara, Hiroo Obinata, Yasuyo Nakayama, Yoshimi Kikuchi, Shinichi Oka, and the HIV Check Study Group
BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol 18, Iss 1, Pp 1-7 (2018)
HIV prevalence, MSM, Dried blood spot, Self-collection kit, Infectious and parasitic diseases, and RC109-216
Abstract Background Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at high risk of HIV infection. However, there are only few data on HIV prevalence in MSM in Japan. The objective of this study was to explore the HIV prevalence in MSM at Shinjuku 2-chome, a well known gay quarter in Tokyo. Methods MSM directly collected the dried blood spot (DBS) self-collection HIV test kit from a drop-in center in Shinjuku 2-chome between August 2015 and December 2016. The participants collected their own blood by finger-prick and anonymously posted the kit to the laboratory. The participants accessed the study website and checked the results of their tests using unique ID and password. DBS was soaked in phosphate buffered saline overnight and the eluted sample was examined by the fourth generation HIV Ag/Ab test of LUMIPULSE (FUJIREBIO INC.), and followed by HISCL (Sysmex Corp.) when the first assay was positive. The result was defined provisionally positive if both were positive. Results A total of 1702 HIV test kits were distributed and 1403 DBS were returned (return rate: 82.4%). Since 20.2% of participants collected the test kit more than once, the estimated number of actual test kit users was 1120. Based on the results of the test kit, 34 cases were provisionally diagnosed with HIV. The estimated prevalence was 3.04% (95% confidence interval: 2.03–4.04). Of these 34, 24 (70.6%) were later confirmed to be HIV-positive in the hospital, while the remaining 10 were lost to follow-up. Among the participants, 34.5% received HIV test for the first time. Especially in those aged 20–29, 46.0% were first time HIV testers. Conclusions The prevalence of HIV infection in the study population was 3.04%. The high collection suggested a demand for this type of testing in MSM. The test should be expanded further to difficult-to-reach or hidden populations. Trial registration This study was registered with the University Hospital Medical Information Network Clinical Trial Registry in August 20th, 2015 (Registry number: UMIN000018699).
Blagojević Mladenka Z., Marković Dejan D., and Šarac Dragana D.
Tehnika, Vol 72, Iss 2, Pp 267-272 (2017)
postal network, universal postal service, postal operator, costs, Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General), and TA1-2040
The provision of universal postal service involves high costs for operator, especially in rural areas. The aim of this paper is to propose and test tool for managing the cost of providing universal postal service and maintaining the postal network in order to facilitate understanding of the problem in the sector. The proposed approach use standard prices and standard quantities (the redefined number of postal units, the number of employees, etc.) as well as average costs for calculation of the costs of the universal postal service and postal network. The methodology provides the efficiency analysis, benchmarking and identification of causes of poor performance of management and resource allocation. It can be used for postal operators that do not have modern accounting systems.
Carlos Pateiro-Rodriguez, Javier Prado-Domínguez, Jesús Manuel García-Iglesias, and José Manuel Barreiro-Viñán
European Journal of Government and Economics, Vol 5, Iss 2, Pp 104-119 (2017)
Liberalization, Universal postal service, Switching costs, Postal network, Political science, Political institutions and public administration (General), and JF20-2112
This article examines the costs of switching that may exist in the European postal sector, where it is carried out an ambitious process of opening to competition since 1997. Inadequate regulation of the access to some elements of postal infrastructure or services within the scope of the universal postal service exists. This article proposes adaptations to ensure transparent and non-discriminatory access conditions to elements of postal infrastructure in line with the sectorial directives aimed at strengthening competition in the long term in the postal market. The proposed adaptations focus on services such as postcode systems, address databases, post office boxes, delivery boxes, re-direction and return to sender services. All of them can help reduce the switching cost and thus strengthen competition.
Company legal issue, United States. Postal Service -- Officials and employees, United States. Postal Service -- Cases, Attorneys general -- Cases, Cigarettes -- Cases, and Prevent All Cigarette Trafficking Act of 2009
California Attorney General Xavier Becerra, alongside New York City, today filed a lawsuit against the United States Postal Service (USPS) for accepting and then delivering millions of foreign cigarettes destined [...]
Anstey, Christopher, Ward, Russell, and Uranaka, Taiga
Bloomberg Businessweek. July 15, 2019, Issue 4621, p29, 3 p.
Banking industry, Risk management, Company business planning, Company securities, Market trend/market analysis, Japan Post Holdings Company, Ltd. -- Planning, Banking industry -- Securities, Interest rates -- Forecasts and trends, Risk management -- Methods, and Japan -- Economic aspects
Tenders are invited for postal service for the city of estepona Budget base for tender: importe 89.743,59 eur. importe (sin impuestos) 74.168,26 eur. Estimated value of the contract: 267,005.74 euros [...]
Tenders are invited for provision of the postal service with or without address, bustiada local and distribution of the municipal bulletin "la roquerola" within the municipal term of the municipality [...]