International Journal Of Public Health [Int J Public Health] 2015 Feb; Vol. 60 (2), pp. 267-76. Date of Electronic Publication: 2015 Jan 14.
Adolescent, Child, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Social Networking, Time Factors, United States, Violence prevention control, Violence statistics numerical data, Aggression psychology, Mass Media statistics numerical data, Risk-Taking, Video Games psychology, Video Games statistics numerical data, and Violence psychology
Objectives: To examine whether clan membership mediates observed associations between violent game content and externalizing behaviors among youth who play massively multiplayer online games (MMOGs). Methods: Responses from 486 11- to 18-year-olds who: live in the United States, read English, have been online at least once in the past 6 months, and have played MMOGs in the past year were examined. Generalized estimating equations were used to estimate the population-averaged incident rate ratio of aggressive, delinquent, and seriously violent behaviors among MMOG players given one's self-reported exposure to in-game content depicting violence. Results: Twenty-nine percent of all youth respondents played MMOGs in the past year. Rates of aggressive, IRR: 1.59, 95% CI [1.11, 2.26], and delinquent, IRR: 1.44, 95% CI [0.99, 2.08], behaviors were significantly higher for MMOG players who were in clans versus not in clans. For females, clan membership attenuated but did not eliminate the observed relation between exposure to in-game violent content and both aggressive and seriously violent behavior (16% and 10% reductions in IRR, respectively); whereas for males, clan membership was largely uninfluential (i.e., less than 2% change). Conclusions: Clan membership is neither associated with lower rates of externalizing behaviors for youth, nor does it affect the likelihood of reporting externalizing behaviors among male players. There is some suggestion that clan membership may attenuate the concurrent association between in-game violent content and some externalizing behaviors for females.