Duc S, Fernandez C, Moheb B, Dang VM, Bloch F, Floccia M, Videau MN, Tournier Louvel S, Ducastaing L, Couturier P, and Salles N
Geriatrie et psychologie neuropsychiatrie du vieillissement [Geriatr Psychol Neuropsychiatr Vieil] 2015 Mar; Vol. 13 (1), pp. 55-62.
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Emergency Medical Services, Female, Geriatrics standards, Humans, Male, Pilot Projects, Prospective Studies, Reproducibility of Results, Risk Assessment, Sensitivity and Specificity, Geriatric Assessment methods, Geriatrics methods, and Triage methods
Improving care and health course for hospitalized elderly patients is one of the tasks set out in the "Rapport du parcours de santé des PAERPA" (elderly people with or at risk of functional decline). Identification of the needs of a mobile geriatric team (MGT) intervention for the patients remain difficult in emergency department and in medical surgical units. A screening tool is needed and should be simple and fast to use. Its implementation implies that it is efficient and previously validated. The aim of our study was to evaluate the validity and predictive performances of the Triage risk stratification tool (TRST) for identify patients aged over 75 years, requiring the intervention of the MGT. This is a prospective, national, multicenter study including consecutive patients aged 75 years and older, hospitalized in emergency services and medical-surgical units in September and October 2013. The TRST was considered positive when the score was greater than 2 of 5 points. A supplementary question with binary answer (yes/no) was asked to MGT, in order to define if MGT intervention was useful. This issue has served as a "gold standard" for assessing the validity and predictive test performance. In emergency departments, the TRST was performed in 427 patients, 347 were positive. Results showed high sensitivity (79%), and poor specificity (19%) of the test in emergency units, showing that TRST did not permit to identify patients requiring MGT intervention. In contrast, the TRST seems more performant in medical-surgical (n=63 patients) units with good predictive performances (positive predictive value 90% and negative predictive value 87%). The specificity of TRST in emergency services is insufficient to generalize its use. However, performances of the TRST in other units are encouraging to propose a validation as part of a national research project.
Ben Thabet J, Charfeddine F, Charfi N, Baati I, Zouari L, Zouari N, and Maâlej M
L'Encephale [Encephale] 2015 Apr; Vol. 41 (2), pp. 144-50. Date of Electronic Publication: 2014 Feb 07.
Adult, Female, Gender Identity, Humans, Male, Moral Obligations, Orgasm, Premature Ejaculation psychology, Sex Education, Sexual Abstinence, Sexual Behavior, Surveys and Questionnaires, Taboo, Tunisia, Culture, Islam psychology, Religion and Sex, and Sexuality
Progres en urologie : journal de l'Association francaise d'urologie et de la Societe francaise d'urologie [Prog Urol] 2010 Apr; Vol. 20 (4), pp. 284-91. Date of Electronic Publication: 2009 Dec 04.
Aged, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prospective Studies, Time Factors, Adenocarcinoma radiotherapy, Brachytherapy, Prostatic Neoplasms radiotherapy, and Sexuality
Introduction: The objective of this study was to determine the impact of the preservation of sexual function in the long-term in patients treated with brachytherapy using a validated self-questionnaire and determine the role of different clinical and therapeutic parameters. Material and Method: From December 1999 to June 2002, 157 consecutive patients treated by prostate brachytherapy have been selected for the study. A questionnaire of the EORTC "QLQ C30" assorted with the module "PR25" has been submitted before treatment and in the second quarter 2007. Hundred and twenty-eight patients returned their questionnaires (81.5 %). Statistical analysis was made with 64 patients. The median follow-up was 6 years (+/-0.57 year). The settings can interfere with sexual function were assessed: age, prostate volume, co-morbidity, adjuvant hormonal therapy, D 90, V 150 and V 240. Statistical analysis was made by way univariate ANOVA procedure and mode Chi(2) and multivariate (logistic regression), the variable being studied "conservation of sexual activity YES/NO". Results: The conservation rate of sexual function was 64 %. No variable can explain the loss of sexual function is reflected statistically significant (p<0.05). The most informative variable in the statistical analysis was the D 90 but is not seen as likely by a significant lack of power (p=0.08 in univariate analysis and p=0.2 in multivariate analysis). Conclusion: Brachytherapy for prostate preserved sexual function in the long-term in 64 % of cases (64 patients) and is therefore an attractive alternative for patients wishing to preserve it. (Copyright 2009 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.)
Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale [Can J Exp Psychol] 2010 Jun; Vol. 64 (2), pp. 134-41.
Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Female, Humans, Male, Brain physiology, Cognition physiology, Emotions physiology, Language, Motor Activity physiology, and Verbal Behavior physiology
Theories of embodied cognition make the hypothesis that all cognitive operations, including high-level ones, are fundamentally rooted in the current state of the body and in the sensory-motor systems of the brain. Related experimental work has been concerned solely with the link between automatic cognitive processes and motor responses. This link has never been supposed to result from the production of verbal responses, such as the responses "yes" and "no." However, a great many tasks require a verbal response along with a motor response. In this study, we have demonstrated that cognitive and automatic evaluation of the valence of words involves a close link with the motor responses of "pull" and "push", as well as the verbal responses "yes" and "no" when the task requires answering "yes" or "no" whether there is the letter "a" in a word. Moreover, the results obtained show that the verbal responses "yes" and "no" interact with the motor responses of "pull" and "push". This interaction supports the idea that positive and negative verbal responses present a motor component, as contemplated in embodied cognition theories (Lakoff & Johnson, 1999; Scorolli & Borghi, 2007; Barsalou, 2008). ((PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).)
Perspective infirmiere : revue officielle de l'Ordre des infirmieres et infirmiers du Quebec [Perspect Infirm] 2004 Nov-Dec; Vol. 2 (2), pp. 37-8.
Age Factors, Child, Preschool, Humans, Infant, Infant, Newborn, Influenza Vaccines, Influenza, Human epidemiology, Influenza, Human etiology, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Quebec epidemiology, Risk Factors, Vaccination standards, Influenza, Human prevention control, and Vaccination methods
Adult, Cartoons as Topic, Female, Health Education methods, Humans, Personality, Women psychology, Audiovisual Aids, Educational Status, Smoking Prevention, and Women education
In Montreal a team of social workers has developed a scripto-visual method for breaking tobacco dependency. It is intended for functionally illiterate women between 18 and 35 years old with less than nine years of schooling. Before testing it on the target population, the team completed a developmental experiment with the goal of evaluating and measuring the efficacity of this method. The article presents the various components of the manual and summarizes the findings. The preparation of the manual naturally took into consideration the diverse factors affecting the decision to begin smoking as well as the arguments advanced for breaking the habit. These included: stressing the personal advantages (increased self-esteem and self-confidence); taking the guilt out of this behaviour by revealing its impact and the link between social and advertising incentives to smoke; offering women a means of verbalizing their situation; dedramatizing relapses to maintain self-respect; presenting specific devices to facilitate this step. Comic strips are the principal support mechanism. These present information on the causes and consequences of tobacco dependency and illustrate its effects. They also introduce practical ways to assist the target population in breaking the habit and provides examples of activities which boost motivation and will power. In order to analyse the manual, sessions were organized with potential users. They were invited to complete a short questionnaire, to participate in mock exercises and to comment on the visuals. Beyond the message conveyed, the intention was to measure interest and assimilation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)