Analyse du discours, Discourse analysis, Cognition, Dialecte, Dialect, Inférence, Inference, Kadaï (L.), Langue parlée, Spoken language, Particule, Particle, Pragmatique, Pragmatics, Question oui-non, Yes-no question, Traitement mental, Mental processing, Lingao, Shishan, question particle, speaker stance, yes/no question, Sciences du langage, Linguistics, Etudes descriptives et applications des théories, Descriptive studies and applied theories, Sémantique et pragmatique, Semantics and pragmatics, and Linguistique
Drawing on naturally occurring conversation, the present study examines three utterance-final yes/no question particles, mi, o, and ang, in Shishan, a dialect ofLingao of the Tai-Kadai language family, spoken on northern Hainan Island (China). Both mi and o signal the proposition as deriving from an external information source (primarily preceding discourse). Mi marks simple, linear knowledge accruement/thoughtprogression, based on external information, including plain registration of new information and simple inference. O signals conflicts between externally derived information vis-à-vis the speaker's pre-existing knowledge/expectation. Ang constructs a genuine query for unknown information, ascertaining whether the quality/characteristic, as coded in the predicate of the utterance, can ascribe to (i.e., ascribable as a property of) the entity represented by the sentential subject. The meaning of property ascertaining gives rise to the use of ang in various presequences (cf Schegloff 1988).