Aviakosmicheskaia I Ekologicheskaia Meditsina = Aerospace And Environmental Medicine [Aviakosm Ekolog Med] 2004 Jan-Feb; Vol. 38 (1), pp. 5-14.
Atmosphere, Chemical Phenomena, Chemistry, Humans, Life Support Systems, Magnetics, Models, Statistical, Physical Phenomena, Physics, Carbon Dioxide blood, Hydrogen blood, Radio Waves, and Space Flight
Compared are contrasted are moving, stationary, and combined SHF-discharges, methods of discharge generation and diagnostics of the discharge temperature, electron concentration in the discharge tube. and SHF contribution. A combination of the SHF and arc discharges was selected for prototyping the carbon dioxide and hydrogen processor within a physical-chemical life support system. To sustain temperature in the interval between 1000 and 3500 degrees C to support the initial Bosch reaction, a low-power (30-50 mA) glow discharge will be used instead of the continuous current arc (3-5 A). This combination increases plasma efficiency and is suitable for designing a non-inertia air supply within the space life support system.
Aviakosmicheskaia I Ekologicheskaia Meditsina = Aerospace And Environmental Medicine [Aviakosm Ekolog Med] 2012 Jan-Feb; Vol. 46 (1), pp. 62-7.
Electric Power Supplies, Electricity, Electrochemical Techniques, Electrodes, Humans, Life Support Systems, Microbial Consortia, Sewage microbiology, Bioelectric Energy Sources, Biofilms, Ecological Systems, Closed, Ochrobactrum physiology, Shewanella physiology, and Space Flight
Purpose of the work was designing and prototyping of microbial fuel cells (MFC) and comparative evaluation of the electrogenic activity of wastewater autochthonous microorganisms as well as bacterial monocultures. Objects were model electrogenic strain Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, and an Ochrobactrum sp. strain isolated from the active anode biofilm of MFC composed as an electricity generating system. The study employed the methods typically used for aerobic and anaerobic strains, current measurement, identification of new electrogenic strains in microbial association of wastewater sludge and species definition by rRNA 16-S. As a result, two MFCs prototypes were tried out. Besides, it was shown that electrogenic activity of S. oneidensis MR-1 and Ochrobactrum sp. monocultures is similar but differs from that of the microbial association of the anode biofilm.
Aviakosmicheskaia I Ekologicheskaia Meditsina = Aerospace And Environmental Medicine [Aviakosm Ekolog Med] 2012 Sep-Oct; Vol. 46 (5), pp. 55-8.
Carbon Dioxide chemistry, Computer Simulation, Disinfection instrumentation, Disinfection methods, Drinking Water, Electromagnetic Fields, Heating instrumentation, Heating methods, Humans, Microwaves, Models, Theoretical, Disinfection statistics numerical data, Ecological Systems, Closed, Heating statistics numerical data, Life Support Systems instrumentation, Software, and Space Flight
To optimize the design of SHF-based potable water disinfection and heating subsystem within the life support system (LSS), computer modeling of the super-high frequency electromagnetic field in SHF-based waveguide-coaxial and coaxial running water heaters was performed Software package CST Microwave Studio 2010 was used as the main instrument in the investigation. Results of the investigation can contribute to the development and prototyping of an HSF-based water heater as an integral part of advanced life support system for spacecrews