DESIGN -- Management, TOY industry, and TECHNOLOGICAL innovations
Design is assuming more strategic roles in the industry, bringing different approaches to the development of new products that enables innovations and higher acceptance. Like other segments, the toy industry is also modifying to meet new demands, seeking to develop games and toys aligned with the contemporary child. To improve the quality of the national toy, design insertion has been stated as a desired goal. However, there are not significant reports in the literature about how it is integrated in the segment. This study aimed to evaluate the integration of designers in the development process of new products of three different Brazilian toy companies that acted as case studies. Based on Design Management (DM) and Product Development Process (PDP) Models, we implemented a new model that aided in organizing and analyzing records of the companies' structures and development processes. Results indicated the difficulties and improvement points to insert Designers in a formalized process, being those located mostly on the initial planning, product prototyping, and post launch stages. A recent increase in design acceptance and usage, however, was noted, with Design being considered as directly related with the quality increase of the company's products. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Oliveira, Ana C.S., Candeiro, George T.M., Pacheco da Costa, Fernanda F.N., Gazzaneo, Isbelia D., Alves, Flávio R.F., and Marques, Fábio V.
Journal of Endodontics; May2019, Vol. 45 Issue 5, p538-538, 1p
BONE density, APEXIFICATION, COMPACT bone, MANDIBULAR nerve, TOOTH roots, CANALS, and CONE beam computed tomography
Accidental damage to the inferior alveolar nerve is of concern during endodontic treatment of the posterior mandible teeth, and a careful evaluation of the relationship between the apices and the mandibular canal (MC) is mandatory to prevent iatrogenic complications. This study aimed to assess the distance between the root apices of posterior teeth and the MC and the bone density in such areas. One thousand retrospective cone-beam computed tomographic scans were randomly selected from a private oral radiologic clinic database. The images were acquired with a limited field of view and analyzed by 2 evaluators who measured the shortest distance between the root apices and the upper cortical bone of the MC using Dental Slice software (Bioparts Biomedical Prototyping, Brasília, DF, Brazil). In addition, bone density was estimated using the tool "profile line of Hounsfield" and expressed in Hounsfield units. The distal root of the right second molars was the closest to the MC (mean = 3.41 mm), and the right first premolar root was the farthest from the MC (mean = 5.87 mm), respectively. The root apices were closer to the MC in women than in men (P <.05). In 1.79% of the cases, the roots were in contact or invading the MC, whereas 8.35% of the root apices were close to the MC (<1.00 mm), and 89.85% were distant from the MC (>1.00 mm). In 85.55% of the cases, the bone was dense. The results suggest that the risk of damage to the inferior alveolar nerve is higher for second molars, especially in female patients. The higher density of the adjacent bone may act as a protective factor against nerve damage arising from endodontic procedures. • Distances between apices and MC and bone density were analyzed in 9202 roots. • The distal root of second molars was the closest to the MC (mean = 3.41 mm). • One hundred sixty-five roots (1.79%) were in close contact or invading the MC. • A total of 769 roots (8.35%) were very close to the MC (<1 mm). • The bone density was higher (type D1 bone) in more than 80% of the cases. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
USER interfaces, HOSPITALS, INFORMATION & communication technologies, WORK environment, and MENTAL health
Abstract: We are investigating the use of natural user interfaces (NUI) applied to information and communication technologies (ICT) supporting workplace dynamics in partnership with mental health providers at a hospital in Brazil. We are using a participatory design (PD) process to uncover their paper-based workflow, defined here as paper user interface workflow (PUI) and their appropriation of mobile technologies supporting patients’ socialization process. We chose this group as they have no experience with graphical user interface (GUI) based interaction, are highly nomadic, have a refined workflow, have a high level of interdependence and are appropriating mobile technologies and social media into their workplace; thus, we believe their perspective within a PD setting provide unique insights into NUI design to provide high fidelity data and real time communication, enhancing data accessibility and fidelity on communication among the professionals. Our PD process has produced workflow representations and we are presenting two scenarios; from them we are proceeding to low- fidelity prototyping. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]