Computers in Healthcare. Nov 1989, Vol. 10 Issue 11, p35, 3 p. chart (Flow chart for rapid prototyping)
Automation, Hospital Information Systems, User Interface, Artificial Intelligence, and Prototype
One way to implement an automated hospital information system is through the use of rapid prototyping of user interfaces. Such a system can overcome one of the main problems of automation, the difference between users needs and expectations and the limitations of designed systems. Prototyping allows the problems to be worked out in a scaled-down model of the system, thereby saving considerable time and money. Artificial intelligence can be of use in a prototype system because of its noted capabilities with user interface development. The non-algorithmic nature of artificial intelligence allows it to use declarative programming to enhance user interface capabilities.
Computers in Healthcare. Jan 1991, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p27, 2 p.
Hospital, Hospital Information Systems, Mainframe Computer, Microcomputer, Baptist Medical Center, Al Lee and Associates Inc. -- Product information, and MAGEC for PCs (Program development software) -- Usage
The Baptist Medical System serves the 739-bed Baptist Medical Center and other treatment and education facilities. The hospital has a sophisticated MIS center that has an IBM 3090 150E running MVS/XA and over 400 microcomputers. The Baptist Medical System wanted to implement a portfolio of microcomputer-based user applications that were tightly integrated with mainframe-oriented data base system. To do this, the staff decided to develop code on the microcomputer and then port it to the mainframe. Using this strategy has doubled programming productivity. MAGEC from MAGEC Software, a self-actualizing prototyping system to design and develop COBOL applications, was selected so that relatively nontechnical people could do the analysis and code generation necessary to develop full production systems. The first project done by the Baptist Medical Center was a procedure and patient scheduling system that is deemed a success.
Los Angeles Times. Oct 24, 1993, Vol. 112, pD3. photograph
United States. Army. Tank Automotive Command, Automobiles, Government Contracts, Air Pollution, Environmental Protection, United States. Army. Tank-automotive and Armaments Command -- Environmental policy, Automobile industry -- Environmental aspects, and Automobile engineering research -- Environmental aspects
General Motors' Technical Center and the US Army Tank-Automotive Command (Tacom) are located close to each other in Warren, MI. Both facilities have functioned as centers of new vehicle development, but previously, they ignored each other. Now, they are entering into a collaboration. In Sep 1993, Pres Clinton and the Big Three auto makers (GM, Ford Motor Co and Chrysler Corp) announced a government-business agreement to develop a super fuel-efficient automobile, also known as a 'clean car,' within 10 years. A vehicle is envisioned that would get up to 80 miles per gallon. Exactly how Tacom will assist the auto makers is unclear, but it is suggested that 'virtual prototyping' technology might be provided, cutting costs associated with design and manufacturing.