Chung, Philip, Heller, J Alex, Etemadi, Mozziyar, Ottoson, Paige E, Liu, Jonathan A, Rand, Larry, and Roy, Shuvo
Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, iss 88
Vagina, Humans, Silicone Elastomers, Equipment and Supplies, Computer-Aided Design, Female, Printing, Three-Dimensional, Bioengineering, Issue 88, liquid injection molding, reaction injection molding, molds, 3D printing, fused deposition modeling, rapid prototyping, medical devices, low cost, low volume, rapid turnaround time, Cognitive Sciences, Biochemistry and Cell Biology, and Psychology
Biologically inert elastomers such as silicone are favorable materials for medical device fabrication, but forming and curing these elastomers using traditional liquid injection molding processes can be an expensive process due to tooling and equipment costs. As a result, it has traditionally been impractical to use liquid injection molding for low-cost, rapid prototyping applications. We have devised a method for rapid and low-cost production of liquid elastomer injection molded devices that utilizes fused deposition modeling 3D printers for mold design and a modified desiccator as an injection system. Low costs and rapid turnaround time in this technique lower the barrier to iteratively designing and prototyping complex elastomer devices. Furthermore, CAD models developed in this process can be later adapted for metal mold tooling design, enabling an easy transition to a traditional injection molding process. We have used this technique to manufacture intravaginal probes involving complex geometries, as well as overmolding over metal parts, using tools commonly available within an academic research laboratory. However, this technique can be easily adapted to create liquid injection molded devices for many other applications.
Històries de vida, Discapacitat visual, Educació artística, Prototipatge ràpid, Ceguesa, Impressió tridimensional, Life history, Visual impairment, Art education, Rapid prototyping, Blindness, 3D printing, Historias de vida, Discapacidad visual, Educación artística, Prototipado rápido, Ceguera, and Impresión tridimensional
The construction of this thesis is developed from different conceptual interlacing axis that created a networking weave through which the field of investigation was debated and defined and a project of collaborative citizenship with the goal of providing an improvement in the social environment from which the visual impairment through art was built. Firstly, we speak about the context in which, in a dialogic way, the identity of Ph. D. Rosa Gratacós Masanella has grown and developed. With the help of the narrative research and the life story methods we make an approach to the life time experience of the main character of our investigation, in order to understand her social, political and educational context, how it relates to her personal life, her work as a professor and her artistic career, and how all these different perspectives have points in common. We also approach those people who met our protagonist, those who were her referents or were important in the evolution of her identity. We point Ph. D. Rosa Gratacós pioneer investigation in the field of visual impairment and we finally explain the multisensory project of The Senses Labyrinth, a project that was born from the idea of universal accessibility from the perspective of blind people. Sensory education, game and art become the source of teaching and learning for the researcher and they are applied together to art education and artistic perception from blindness, through service and learning methodologies
Chepelev, Leonid, Giannopoulos, Andreas, Tang, Anji, Mitsouras, Dimitrios, and Rybicki, Frank J
3D printing in medicine, vol 3, iss 1
3D printing, Additive manufacturing, Data integration, Freeform fabrication, Medicine, Rapid prototyping, Standards, and Terminology
Background:Medical 3D printing is expanding exponentially, with tremendous potential yet to be realized in nearly all facets of medicine. Unfortunately, multiple informal subdomain-specific isolated terminological 'silos' where disparate terminology is used for similar concepts are also arising as rapidly. It is imperative to formalize the foundational terminology at this early stage to facilitate future knowledge integration, collaborative research, and appropriate reimbursement. The purpose of this work is to develop objective, literature-based consensus-building methodology for the medical 3D printing domain to support expert consensus. Results:We first quantitatively survey the temporal, conceptual, and geographic diversity of all existing published applications within medical 3D printing literature and establish the existence of self-isolating research clusters. We then demonstrate an automated objective methodology to aid in establishing a terminological consensus for the field based on objective analysis of the existing literature. The resultant analysis provides a rich overview of the 3D printing literature, including publication statistics and trends globally, chronologically, technologically, and within each major medical discipline. The proposed methodology is used to objectively establish the dominance of the term "3D printing" to represent a collection of technologies that produce physical models in the medical setting. We demonstrate that specific domains do not use this term in line with objective consensus and call for its universal adoption. Conclusion:Our methodology can be applied to the entirety of medical 3D printing literature to obtain a complete, validated, and objective set of recommended and synonymous definitions to aid expert bodies in building ontological consensus.
Stefanie Mueller, Dustin Beyer, Tobias Mohr, Serafima Gurevich, Alexander Teibrich, Lisa Pfistere, Kerstin Guenther, Johannes Frohnhofen, Hsiang-Ting Chen, Patrick Baudisch, Sangha Im, and François Guimbretière