THREE-dimensional printing, 3-D printers, RAPID prototyping, BIOPRINTING, and BUSINESS enterprises
The article examines the best applications of 3-D printing and its implications for companies. Topics covered include how factors such as cost, materials, resolution, part size, and mechanical properties are different based on the type of 3-D printing machine used, the seven dimensions of 3-D printing, and how 3-D printing will continue to improve and expand into more applications.
RAPID prototyping, HUMANITARIAN assistance, PROTOTYPES, MANUFACTURING processes, HOUSING development, EMERGENCY housing, BUILDING repair, DISASTER relief, CRISIS management, and SYSTEMS theory
The article discusses the rapid prototyping that gain new roles in humanitarian causes in Los Angeles, California. It says that rapid prototyping is known as additive manufacturing which is constructing large-scale buildings and housing via rapid prototyping methods. According to Behrokh Khosnevis, a professor of industrial and systems engineering at the University of Southern California, using an additive-manufacturing technique for constructing new buildings could provide emergency housing for victims of disasters and it could also be used for affordable housing for third-world countries. It mentions the project called Rapid Prototyping for Baghdad, or RP4Baghdad project, which aims to help civilian victims where rapid prototyping technologies can make difference between life and death.
WATER bikes, RAPID prototyping, ELECTRIC vehicle batteries, AERODYNAMICS, and PRODUCT design
The article offers information on the Hydrofoiler XE-1 hydrofoiler bike watercraft conceptualized and developed by Guy Howard-Willis and his partner Roland Alonzo. Topics discussed include the application of rapid validation in designing and drafting prototypes, testing of critical components like the battery and motor, and implementation of aerodynamic design.
Focuses on the improvements in the boundaries of rapid prototyping technique. Evolutions of the techniques; Use of the stereolithography resins in rubber molding; Developments in the process of rapid prototyping. INSET: Stereolithography Cuts Its Teeth.
COMPUTER-aided engineering, SOLID freeform fabrication, and PROTOTYPES
Focuses on virtual prototyping, the visualization and testing of computer-aided design models on a computer before they are physically created. Applications; Process description; Limitations of rapid prototyping or solid freeform fabrication; Cost issues; Factors engineers should consider before creating a rapid prototype.
Discusses the emergence of high-tech tools for prototyping engineered products. Industry efforts to accelerate rapid prototyping research; List of machine prototypes; Features and functions. INSET: IBM enters rapid prototyping..
RAPID prototyping, PROTOTYPES, COST control, MANUFACTURING processes, and NEW product development
The article reports that faster prototyping machines and better materials allow companies to manufacture short-run production parts economically. From hearing aid ear inserts and sunglasses to jet fighter ductwork and medical implants, companies are using direct manufacturing to reduce costs, speed new products to market, and produce short runs without molds or dies. Improved rapid prototyping materials play a large role in this push into the manufacturing mainstream.
The article reports the move by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) as of August 2016 to designate the SLA-1 three-dimensional (3D) commercial rapid prototyping system from 3D Systems as a Historic Mechanical Engineering Landmark.
RAPID prototyping, PROTOTYPES, MEDICINE, and SURGERY
The article focuses on the use of rapid prototyping in medicine. Doctors are using models as study aids to plan surgery. The three-dimensional model depicts a tumor within an organ so the doctor knows exactly where and how to find it. The patient specific model also gives surgeons added confidence according to Doctor Stephen Rouse.
The article reports that a research group at Brandeis University in Waltham, Massachusetts is at work on a scheme to devise robots that would evolve both their electronic brains and their bodies to meet each user's prescribed needs. The robots would then build themselves by a rapid production method similar to 3-D printing or rapid prototyping, a method of manufacturing objects, usually by depositing and curing successive layers of material. These machines are intended to reproduce themselves and that is a characteristic they would share with animals and plants.
THREE-dimensional printing, RAPID prototyping, 3-D printers, MANUFACTURING industry equipment, and INDUSTRIAL design equipment
The article provides an outlook for three-dimensional (3-D) printing. Topics discussed include Gartner research director Pete Basiliere's comment on how 3-D printers may revolutionize design in the manufacturing sector and prediction of the growth of shipments of 3-D printers in 2014 and use of 3-D printing in prototyping, augmented manufacturing and combining multiple assemblies in complex parts.
THREE-dimensional imaging, THREE-dimensional printing, RAPID prototyping, DIGITAL image processing, and DIGITAL images
The article focuses on the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C.'s program, Smithsonian X 3D which creates three-dimensional (3-D) digital representations of artifacts and scientific discoveries. Topics discussed include users' ability to replicate representations with 3-D printers or view or manipulate online and the institution's use of a Faro Technologies laser arm to scan the Philadelphia gunboat that sunk during the American Revolution.
RAPID prototyping, THREE-dimensional printing, SELF-organizing systems, and PRINTING
The article discusses the four-dimensional (4-D) printing that involves programmable materials building themselves and morphing into other shapes. Topics discussed include MIT Self-Assembly Lab and three-dimensional printing company Stratasys' demonstration of a way to create one-dimensional or two-dimensional materials that fold or morph into three-dimensional (3-D) shapes and applications of the 4-D technique.
The article discusses rapid prototyping patents. A brief historical overview involving various patents for rapid prototyping is presented, including an additive prototyper patent by Win Kelly Swainson in July 1968, a sintering prototyper patent by researchers at the University of Texas in the 1980s, and laser sintering patents held by U.S. printing company 3D Systems Inc.
RAPID prototyping, PROTOTYPES, COMPUTER-aided design, and COMPUTER-aided engineering
Rapid prototyping is a useful technology for product designers. It produces physical objects directly from three-dimensional CAD files so engineers can hold them in their hands and test them. Stratasys Inc., an Eden Prairie, Minnesota, maker of rapid prototyping machines, developed polyphenylsulfone for its Titan machine, which produces prototypes from engineering thermoplastics by a process called fused deposition modeling. The advantages of polyphenylsulfone are its high heat resistance and strength. Polyphenylsulfone part had higher chemical resistance, greater strength, and better dimensional stability than selective laser sintered, glass-filled nylon prototypes.
Reports on developments in engineering prototyping and modeling systems. Soligen Inc.'s use of a multiple-jet printhead to print binder onto ceramic powder layers; Stratasys Inc.'s rapid prototyping systems; Helisys Inc.'s upgrade packages in each of its laminated object manufacturing systems; 3D Systems Inc.'s AccuMax; Cubital America Inc.'s software feature for its Solider rapid prototyping machine.