EMPLOYEE attitudes, ERGONOMICS, INTERVIEWING, LABOR productivity, QUESTIONNAIRES, TECHNOLOGY, AGRICULTURE, RESEARCH methodology, and VIDEO recording
Organic agriculture is a sustainable cultivation ecologically, economically and socially. Several researches in organic agriculture have been made from technical perspectives, economic traits or related to ecological aspects. There are practically no investigations into the nature of the technology used in organic agriculture, especially from an ergonomic perspective. From the activity analysis, this study aimed to map the technology used in the production of organic vegetables. Properties producing organic vegetables were selected representing the State of São Paulo. It was applied an instrument (questionnaire and semi-structured interview) with their managers and it was made visual records to identify adaptations, innovations and technological demands that simultaneously minimize the workload and the difficulties in performing the tasks and increase work productivity. For some of the technological innovations a digital scanner was used to generate a virtual solid model to facilitate its redesign and virtual prototyping. The main results show that organic farmers have little technology in product form. The main innovations that enable competitive advantage or allow higher labor productivity occur in the form of processes, organization and marketing. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Luz, Saturnino, Masoodian, Masood, and Cesario, Manuel
Behaviour & Information Technology. Jun2015, Vol. 34 Issue 6, p548-565. 18p. 5 Color Photographs, 3 Black and White Photographs, 1 Diagram, 1 Map.
INFORMATION technology, INTERPROFESSIONAL relations, INTERVIEWING, MEDICAL personnel, QUESTIONNAIRES, RESEARCH funding, WIRELESS communications, CELL phones, RESEARCH methodology, MOTION pictures, PRIMARY health care, PUBLIC health surveillance, and SKIN diseases
The development and deployment of information technology, particularly mobile tools, to support collaboration between different groups of health-care professionals has been viewed as a promising way to improve disease surveillance and patient care in remote regions. The effects of global climate change combined with rapid changes to land cover and use in Amazonia are believed to be contributing to the spread of vector-borne emerging and neglected diseases. This makes empowering and providing support for local health-care providers all the more important. We investigate the use of information technology in this context to support professionals whose activities range from diagnosing diseases and monitoring their spread to developing policies to deal with outbreaks. An analysis of stakeholders, their roles and requirements, is presented which encompasses results of fieldwork and of a process of design and prototyping complemented by questionnaires and targeted interviews. Findings are analysed with respect to the tasks of diagnosis, training of local health-care professionals, and gathering, sharing and visualisation of data for purposes of epidemiological research and disease surveillance. Methodological issues regarding the elicitation of cooperation and collaboration requirements are discussed and implications are drawn with respect to the use of technology in tackling emerging and neglected diseases. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
LABOR time, FOOTWEAR industry, INDUSTRIES, MANAGEMENT, NEW product development management, and DESIGN research
The purpose of this article was to describe a method to reduce the development time of a collection of thirty products from a company of the footwear industry. The research method was the design research applied in a children's shoe company of Vale dos Sinos. The reduction was based on the use of techniques such as modeling, prototyping and deployment. The main contribution to the company was the reduction of the total time of development in almost 20%. Other contributions were the reduction in rework in manufacturing in more than 50%, the reduction of modifications of projects in more than 40% and the reduction of models rejection in more than 60%. The generalization of the findings to other industries was not an objective of the research. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]