Revere, Debra, Bugni, Paul, and Fuller, Sherrilynne
Publishing Research Quarterly. Mar2007, Vol. 23 Issue 1, p65-70. 6p.
Grey literature, Metadata, Knowledge management digital resources, Public health libraries, Information services management, Rapid prototyping, and User interfaces software
Public health professionals rely heavily on resources that are often only available in grey literature format. However, while grey literature may contain comprehensive, concrete, and up-to-date information, the fugitive nature of this material makes access problematic. The public health community needs a knowledge management repository of grey literature and tools for easy and rapid access, so time spent searching across and through materials can be reduced. Design a customizable prototype public health knowledge management repository system and end-user interface with optimal interoperability and the capability to provide timely access to public health information in support of decision making at the point and time of need. Specification of an appropriate metadata schema, which identifies in a standardized way the elements needed to describe a resource, are a critical part of the system. The long-term goal is a system that delivers answers to public health questions, not a list of pointers to resources that may or may not contain information to answer those questions. We are utilizing user needs analysis, user profiling, and resource assessment to inform understanding the information needs of public health professionals in the context of their everyday workflow and enable identification of key grey literature knowledge resources for incorporation into the knowledge management system. Rapid prototyping is being used to translate these findings into system specifications and interface design of a small-scale prototype system. The prototype defines system components and interactivity both among components and with relevant external knowledge resources––for example, the New York Academy of Medicine’s Grey Literature collection, web resources from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Health materials, etc. The collection of materials will be organized utilizing resource metadata (high level formal, standards-based descriptions of documents) to improve location of relevant grey literature and other information sources. Testing and evaluation will result in enhancements to the user interface, information resources, presentation of those resources, etc. We also anticipate that the metadata schema employed in a public health knowledge management system will improve the efficacy and efficiency of locating answers to public health questions from the grey literature. As the amount and breadth of public health information resources continue to expand it is critical that we find ways to provide direct access to the contents of these rich and complex resources. We believe that a public health grey literature knowledge management system with a collection of resources driven by the information needs of public health practitioners and organized using an appropriate metadata scheme will reduce time spent searching across and through materials, enhance public health decision making and ultimately improve the overall quality of public health services. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science. Winter2006, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p27-39. 13p.
New product development, Commercial products, Commercial markets, Rapid prototyping, Organization, and Product management
This article attempts to understand the idea fruition process or the fuzzy front-end set of activities that an organization may informally engage in before it adopts a formal process for developing a new product The authors propose that the idea fruition process consists of three sub-processes: idea creation, idea concretization, and idea commitment. They also propose and test the individual and organizational factors that influence the idea`s degrees of creativity, concretization, and commitment to further the understanding of the phenomenon and, thus, boost the creation and harnessing of worthwhile ideas in organizations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Smith, Larry, Pham, Thuy, Bower, Jon, Pilgrim, Beth, Schwarz, Paul, and Stevens, David
International Journal of Speech Technology. Nov2002, Vol. 5 Issue 4, p321-329. 9p.
Speech perception in children, Automatic speech recognition, Speech, and Children
This paper explores technology available for prototyping and product development of child speech recognition applications, and factors relevant for eventual delivery of good user experience. Since child voices are known to be more challenging than adults, and less commercial investment has been dedicated to child voice modeling, it is significant that recognition accuracy for very constrained distinct vocabulary grammars is encouragingly high using out-of-the box technology to recognize suburban varieties of English. While accuracy on more demanding recognition tasks seems insufficient for immediate product development without focused support by a research laboratory, it is high enough to suggest that the class of feasible child applications may soon widen as new resources for child recognition become available. Preliminary results reported here contribute to a roadmap in pursuit of broad demographic coverage for a widening set of child applications. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Sinha, Anoop K., Klemmer, Scott R., and Landay, James A.
International Journal of Speech Technology. May2002, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p159-169. 11p.
Natural language processing, Computer users, Graphical user interfaces, and Language & languages
Natural language (NL) user interfaces are growing in popularity. Unfortunately, the complexity of NL interaction makes these interfaces difficult to design. For NL interfaces to become successful, universal tools are needed to help support the NL design process. What work practice should these tools explicitly support? Interviews with NL designers and our own experiments have identified a specific work practice that designers should consider as they begin to incorporate NL into user interface designs. The work practice study highlights the value of using Wizard of Oz prototyping in NL design. We describe a tool that we have built, called SUEDE, to explicitly support the first stage of NL design for spoken-language user interfaces. Our tools and tools like it will help make NL in human-computer interaction (HCI) more commonplace. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]