Byline: Mohamed Farid Shehab, Nabila Mohammed Abdel Hamid, Nevien Abdullatif Askar, Ahmed Mokhtar Elmardenly Keywords: CAD-CAM, electron beam melting; immediate mandibular reconstruction; patient-specific titanium mesh; rapid prototyping Abstract Background Immediate mandibular reconstruction was performed using a patient-specific titanium mesh tray fabricated by electron beam melting (EBM) /rapid prototyping techniques. Methods Patient-specific titanium trays were virtually designed and fabricated using EBM technology/rapid prototyping for patients requiring mandibular resection and immediate reconstruction using an iliac crest bone graft. Dental implants were placed in the grafted sites and the patients received prosthetic rehabilitation with a follow-up of one year. Clinical data, postoperative bone formation and complications were evaluated. Results A symmetric appearance of facial contours was achieved. The titanium tray incorporated the particulate iliac crest bone graft that provided significant bone formation (mean 18.97 [+ or -] 1.45 mm) and predictable results. Stability of the dental implants was achieved. Conclusion The patient-specific titanium meshes and immediate particulate autogenous bone graft showed satisfactory clinical and surgical results in improving patients' quality of life and decreasing the overall treatment time with adequate functional rehabilitation.
Dorozynski, Przemyslaw, Jamroz, Witold, Wegiarz, Wladyslaw P., Kulinowski, Wojciech, Zaborowski, Mateusz, and Kulinowski, Piotr
Dissolution Technologies. Nov 2018, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p48, 6 p.
3D printing and Testing equipment
INTRODUCTION The number of studies concerning application of three dimensional (3D) printing techniques in pharmaceutical technology has grown continuously since 2005, but the main interest in application of these techniques [...] Purpose of the research was to assess feasibility of fused deposition techniques (3D printing) for development of analytical equipment dedicated for specific dosage forms and for nonstandard applications. Dissolution profiles as well as 3D magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the buccal tablets during hydration in dissolution medium were analyzed. The principal result of the study was the first working example of rapid 3D prototyping of dedicated, MRI-compatible dissolution equipment for mucoadhesive buccal tablets. Rapid prototyping techniques were found to be a fast, inexpensive way to develop a dedicated dissolution testing setup. KEYWORDS: additive manufacturing, 3D printing, solid free-form fabrication, buccal bioadhesive tablets, 3D ultrashort echo time magnetic resonance imaging (3D UTE MRI), pharmaceutical dissolution testing equipment
Computer Applications in Engineering Education. Nov 2015, Vol. 23 Issue 6, p947, 12 p.
Rapid prototyping and College teachers
Byline: Michele Basso, Giacomo Innocenti Keywords: LEGO Mindstorms; Simulink; Robotic laboratory; rapid prototyping; bicycle ABSTRACT LEGO.sub.[c] Mindstorms is a widely spread affordable education robotic platform, that has recently gained native support from the Mathworks.sub.[c] simulation environment Simulink. The pros and cons of the integrated Mindstorms/Simulink framework are actually illustrated through a complex model based control design project featuring a self-stabilized bicycle, that represents a proper example of the rapid prototyping capability of the platform. The importance of such an integration is discussed taking into account the history and the results of the LEGO-based learning activities held at the Control Systems Laboratory of the University of Florence for graduate and undergraduate courses. [c] 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Comput Appl Eng Educ 23:947-958, 2015; View this article online at wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/cae; DOI 10.1002/cae.21666 Biographical information: Michele Basso received the Master's degree in electronic engineering from the University of Florence, Italy, in 1992, and the PhD degree in systems engineering from the University of Bologna, Italy, in 1997. From 1998 through 2010, he was an assistant professor at the Dipartimento di Sistemi e Informatica, University of Florence. Currently he is an associate professor at Dipartimento di Ingegneria dell'Informazione, University of Florence. He is also affiliated to the Center for Research on Complex Dynamics (CSDC) and a member of the Advisory Board of the Italian Ph.D. School of Information Engineering. He was an Associate Editor for the journal Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulations from 2010 through 2014. His current research interests include nonlinear dynamical systems, scanning probe microscopy, and control education. Giacomo Innocenti graduated in 2004 in Computer Science at the Engineering School of University of Florence, Italy and in 2008 received the PhD in 'Nonlinear Dynamics and Complex Systems' from the same institution. He has been Postdoctoral Research Fellow and Adjunct Lecturer at University of Florence and at University of Siena. Since 2012 he has been Assistant Professor in Automatic Controls at University of Florence, where he teaches Industrial Automation to graduate students of the Engineering School. His scientific interests regard Nonlinear Control Systems and their practical applications.
Electroanalysis. Feb 2016, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p250, 15 p.
Energy conservation, Sensors, and Rapid prototyping
Byline: Nicolo Dossi, Fabio Terzi, Evandro Piccin, Rosanna Toniolo, Gino Bontempelli Keywords: Pencil-drawn sensing devices; Pen-drawn sensitive elements; Conductive filament deposition; 3D printed sensors; Direct writing; Contact and non-contact deposition methods Abstract The growing demand for low cost and easy to use analytical devices requires the development of reliable and rapid deposition strategies suitable for changing easily planned designs and applicable to a wide range of materials for assembling conductive tracks and sensitive elements. Further important challenges to be pursued are the possibility of using readily available instrumentation and reducing power consumption and hazardous chemical waste. This review provides an overview of the use of portable day-to-day writing tools, such as pencils and pens, for the rapid and on-demand deposition of conductive patterns on different substrates, with particular emphasis on the assembly of 'Do It Yourself' sensors. Moreover, layer-by-layer deposition of simple or even complex three dimensional (3D) circuits, resorting to pressure driven extrusion of conductive filaments is considered. Future perspectives and potentiality of these emerging technologies for assembling sensors are also explored. Author Affiliation: Department of Food Science, University of Udine, via Cotonificio 108, I-33100 Udine, Italy phone : (+39) 0432558835 fax: (+39) 0432558803 Department of Chemical and Geological Science, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, via Campi 183, I-41125 Modena, Italy Department of Chemistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, 31270-901 Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Moussa, Sherif, M. Abdel Razik, Ahmed, Dahmane, Adel Omar, D'Amours, Claude, and Hamam, Habib
International Journal of Numerical Modelling: Electronic Networks, Devices and Fields. Jan-Feb, 2016, Vol. 29 Issue 1, p115, 14 p.
Byline: Sherif Moussa, Ahmed M. Abdel Razik, Adel Omar Dahmane, Claude D'Amours, Habib Hamam Keywords: component; OFDM; MIMO; error-control coding; parity bit selected spreading; block processing; detection; FPGA; implementation; hardware optimization Summary In this paper, a novel MIMO-OFDM transmission scheme is developed to effectively enable multi-access by joint code design across multiple antennas, subcarriers, OFDM frames, and users. It achieves better spectrum efficiency while improving bit error rate performance. The proposed scheme uses either parity bit selected or permutation techniques to assign spreading codes at the transmitter side. As a result, the detection at the receiver is greatly improved because of the fact that identifying the spreading code(s) directly yields the transmitted data symbols. The paper also investigates the field-programmable gate array implementation of the proposed algorithms; optimization techniques are proposed to reduce area, power, and time. These techniques include a pipelined architecture for inverse FFT/FFT blocks, an efficient low complexity algorithm for despreading based on counters and comparators and an optimized architecture for complex matrix inversion using Gauss-Jordan elimination (GJ-elimination). Finally, the fixed-point optimized field-programmable gate array architecture for MIMO-OFDM transceiver is developed, where the maximum allowed performance loss because of quantization is defined, the tradeoffs between BER performance and area reduction are investigated. Copyright [c] 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.