Healthcare Financial Management. June 2014, Vol. 68 Issue 6, p116, 7 p.
Health care industry, Company business management, Market trend/market analysis, Health care industry -- Services, Health care industry -- Management, Medical protocols -- Analysis, Medical care -- Quality management, and Medical care -- Forecasts and trends
One important means by which healthcare providers can improve care quality, reduce costs, and deliver greater value is to focus on finding ways to standardize and replicate best practices across [...]
Scientific American. Feb 2008, Vol. 298 Issue 2, p24, 2 p.
Government contract, Company business management, Categorization (Psychology) -- Usage, Defense contracts -- Management, Defense programs -- Government finance, Defense programs -- Management, and United States -- Military policy
The military contractors in U.S. would compete for the development of Joint Air-to-Ground Missile (JAGM) program. The strategy of competetive prototyping is adapted to save expenditure on military technologies.
Lu, Sheng, Xu, Yong Q., Zhang, Yuan Z., Xie, Le, Guo, Hai, and Li, Dong P.
European Spine Journal. Sept, 2009, Vol. 18 Issue 9, p1379, 7 p.
Company business management and Rapid prototyping
The present method of C2 laminar screw placement relies on anatomical landmarks for screw placement. Placement of C2 laminar screws using drill template has not been described in the literature. The authors reported on their experience with placement of C2 laminar screws using a novel computer-assisted drill guide template in nine patients undergoing posterior occipito-cervical fusion. CT scan of C2 vertebrae was performed. 3D model of C2 vertebrae was reconstructed by software MIMICS 10.01. The 3D vertebral model was then exported in STL format, and opened in a workstation running software UG imageware12.0 for determining the optimal laminar screw size and orientation. A virtual navigational template was established according to the laminar anatomic trait. The physical vertebrae and navigational template were manufactured using rapid prototyping. The navigational template was sterilized and used intraoperative to assist the placement of laminar screw. Overall, 19 C2 laminar screws were placed and the accuracy of screw placement was confirmed with postoperative X-ray and CT scanning. There were not complications of related screws insertion. Average follow-up was 9 months (range 4--13 months), 77.8% of the patients exhibited improvement in their myelopathic symptoms in 22.2% the symptoms were unchanged. Postoperative computed tomographic (CT) scanning was available for allowing the evaluation of placement of thirteen C2 laminar screws, all of which were in good position with no spinal canal violation. This study shows a patient-specific template technique that is easy to use, can simplify the surgical act and generates highly accurate C2 laminar screw placement. Advantages of this technology over traditional techniques include planning of the screw trajectory is done completely in the presurgical period as well as the ability to size the screw to the patient's anatomy.