Baldassarre, Brian, Konietzko, Jan, Brown, Phil, Calabretta, Giulia, Bocken, Nancy, Karpen, Ingo O., and Hultink, Erik Jan
Journal of Cleaner Production. May2020, Vol. 255, pN.PAG-N.PAG. 1p.
BUSINESS models, SUSTAINABLE engineering, INDUSTRIAL goods, INNOVATIONS in business, DESIGN science, and MANUFACTURING processes
Next to the redesign of industrial products and processes, sustainable business model innovation is a strategic approach to integrate environmental and social concerns into the objectives and operations of organizations. One of the major challenges of this approach is that many promising business model ideas fail to reach the market, which is needed to achieve impact. In the literature, the issue is referred to as a "design-implementation gap." This paper explores how that critical gap may be bridged. In doing so, we contribute to sustainable business model innovation theory and practice. We contribute to theory by connecting sustainable business model innovation with business experimentation and strategic design , two innovation approaches that leverage prototyping as a way to iteratively implement business ideas early on. Using a design science research methodology, we combine theoretical insights from these three literatures into a tool for setting up small-scale pilots of sustainable business models. We apply, evaluate, and improve our tool through a rigorous process by working with nine startups and one multinational company. As a result, we provide normative theory in terms of the sustainable business model innovation process, explaining that piloting a prototype forces organizations to simultaneously consider the desirability (i.e., what users want), feasibility (i.e., what is technically achievable), viability (i.e., what is financially possible), and sustainability (i.e., what is economically, socially and environmentally acceptable) of a new business model. Doing so early on is functional to bridge the design-implementation gap of sustainable business models. We contribute to practice with the tool itself, which organizations can use to translate sustainable business model ideas defined "on paper" into small-scale pilots as a first implementation step. We encourage future research building on the limitations of this exploratory study by working with a larger sample of companies through longitudinal case studies, to further explain how these pilots can be executed successfully. Image 1 • Many business model ideas aimed at integrating sustainability into the objectives and operations of organizations fail to reach the market. • Prototyping allows bridging this design-implementation gap of sustainable business models by shifting the focus from ideation to execution. • We propose a tool that organizations can use to plan and execute small-scale pilots for implementing sustainable business models. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Lemaire, Etienne, Thuau, Damien, Caillard, Benjamin, and Dufour, Isabelle
Journal of Cleaner Production. Dec2015 Part A, Vol. 108, p207-216. 10p.
ENVIRONMENTAL impact analysis, SUSTAINABLE engineering, ENERGY consumption, FABRICATION (Manufacturing), CLIMATE change, and MICROSTRUCTURE
In the context of building a sustainable future by reducing fossil energy consumption with the objective of minimizing detrimental climate change, particular attention was given to minimizing the complexity, energy consumption and environmental impact of microstructures manufacturing. In this work a new fast-fabrication process for microelectromechanical systems is presented. The name of this new fabrication process is KISSES for Keep It Short, Simple and Environmentally Sustainable . Combining classical deposition techniques (with common metals and polymers and with less common materials such as tree resins, paper and glue), release techniques and a computer numerical control cutting machine, a two-dimensional fabrication process has been developed and the first steps of three-dimensional microfabrication have also been initiated. In order to test this new process, various test structures have been fabricated and tested. These include resonant structures with electronic actuation and electronic measurement, having good quality factors for plastic-based devices, and high-resolution masks (∼10 μm) which can be used, for example, for screen-printing techniques. Finally, a temperature sensor and a viscosity sensor have been designed, fabricated with the KISSES process and characterized. These devices exhibit, respectively, a limit of detection of 0.112 °C and a viscosity estimation error of less than 10% for viscous silicone oils from 5 cP to 50 cP. These characterizations of the microdevices show that the proposed process provides a simple method that is capable of fabricating devices that function with high performance. The aim of developing a rapid, simple and environmentally sustainable process has therefore been demonstrated. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]