ENERGY conservation, COMPUTER software, MICROCONTROLLERS, ELECTRONIC controllers, TRANSISTOR design & construction, and ELECTRIC switchgear
The article offers tips on power conservation in micro-controllers. Topics discussed include the author's insights regarding micro-controllers and the relationship between transistor switches and power consumption, the author's recommended software techniques for power conservation which include using the micro-controller's sleep mode, and the challenges involved in the application of these recommendations.
FIELD programmable gate arrays, ELECTRONIC apparatus & appliances, and APPLICATION-specific integrated circuits
Focuses on the upsurge in the use of field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) in electronic products. Availability of tools aimed at making it easier for traditional application specific integrated circuit designers to migrate to FPGA; Increased flexibility of FPGA; Advantages for engineers designing consumer-based end products containing one or more standards.
COMPUTER operating systems and DATA transmission systems
Reports plans of using Linux operating systems (OS) as a proof-of-concept tool in the high-availability CompactPCI-based systems of the Motorola Computer Group. Applications of Linux OS in upgrading embedded-hardware; Simultaneous debugging of software drivers and hardware by the Linux OS; Cost of operating environment advantage with Linux use. INSET: Linux: From academics to the real world.
Reports that designers are using emulation and prototyping technologies more in the late 1990s to improve complex consumer products. Reference to the influence of Electronic Design Automation on consumer products; Discussion on challenges for manufactures of consumer products; Information on the benefits of an emulation system.
RAPID prototyping, INDUSTRIAL engineering, STRUCTURAL optimization, and ELECTRONICS
This article reports the move of Synopsys Inc. to spin a version of its Design Compiler (DC) synthesis tool for FPGA designers. The new tool, dubbed DC FPGA, aims squarely at designers doing prototype work on today's high-end FPGA. In addition to optimizing DC for FPGA, Synopsys added what it called Adaptive Optimization Technology (AOT). AOT searches among the various synthesis algorithms programmed into the tool to find the ones that offer the best performance for a given circuit.
COMPUTER architecture, RAPID prototyping, MANUFACTURING processes, COMPUTER software, and LITHOGRAPHY
Reports on the expectation on the revolutionary new X Architecture and for design-to-manufacturing collaboration in general. Presentation of X Architecture of a new way of orienting a chip's maze of microscopic wires; Accounts on the launching of X architecture; Effect of X Architecture on photomask production, lithography and manufacturing design rules.
SIMULATION methods & models, RAPID prototyping, COMPUTER storage devices, INDUSTRIAL engineering, PRODUCTION engineering, SYSTEMS engineering, COMPUTER simulation, HIGH performance processors, and ELECTROMECHANICAL analogies
The article focuses on the difficulties and benefits inherent in processor simulation. According to the author, the degree of detail involved in processor simulation differs from one company to another, depending on the tools that the company uses. The author cites a number of problems that can occur during processor simulation and discusses how these problems limit the effectiveness of the simulation. Further, the author cites the benefits that processor simulation offers to manufacturers, which include data tracking and speed.
FIELD programmable gate arrays, ELECTRONIC systems, ELECTRONIC circuit design, PROGRAMMABLE logic devices, and GATE array circuits
This article reports that launched some two years ago, Emulation and Verification Engineering's (EVE) debut product, the ZeBu-ZV prototyping system was touted as a "personal emulator." It remains popular as a prototyping platform, offering the best features of emulator and field programmable gate arrays (FPGA)-based prototyping platforms in one product. Meanwhile, FPGA capacities, as well as system-on-achip (SoC) design sizes, have expanded. After about a year of development, larger FPGAs and SoC designs find their confluence in EVE's ZeBu-XL. The next-generation prototyping system has the capacity to handle very large SoC designs and offers a number of features that engender ease of use and flexibility in debugging. A number of factors contribute to ZeBu-XE's speed. First, there's the size of its Virtex II 8000 FPGAs, which holds down the number of FPGAs required to map a design. Emulators can have hundreds, if not thousands, of FPGAs on multiple boards interconnected by backplanes. ZeBu-XL is integrated with the most popular ASIC and FPGA synthesis tools and includes a complete compilation software suite.
COMPUTER software development, COMPUTER software, and EMBEDDED computer systems
Focuses on software tools for algorithm development of embedded systems. Manipulation and analysis complex mathematical computations; Design of analog circuits and system-level architectures; Fourth-generation languages for defining algorithms; Analog behavior simulators; Embedded-systems programming; Evaluation of development environments. INSET: The power of 4GLs: A case study..
SURFACE mount technology (Printed circuits), SOLDER & soldering, and ELECTRONIC circuit design
The author discusses the features of hand-soldering surface-mount-technology (SMT) electronic components of SchmartBoard patent 7,511,228. He states that the board has a unique feature where its special grooves would let the solder flow exactly the pins where it was needed. He also discusses other prototyping techniques wherein he was reminded of his early techniques which is called Radio Shack 100 Electronic Experiments.
SILICON and APPLICATION-specific integrated circuits
Focuses on the design automation trends in silicon virtual prototyping. Function of the application specific integrated circuits; Design of the register transfer; Identification of the calibration curve.
ELECTRONIC industries and ELECTRIC power supplies to apparatus design & construction
Reports that power-supply vendor Lambda of San Diego, California is changing the way it builds prototype units in its recently opened Design Verification Lab. Integration of factory elements to speed prototyping and production; Seamless transition from design lab to factory; Competitive advantage in delivery.
Reports developments related to electronic design automation as of January 2003. Use of field programmable gate arrays on prototypes; Enhancement of diagonal interconnect routing; Function of the process simulation.
POWER resources, METALWORK, MANUFACTURES, MATERIALS, and CRYSTALS
Power POWERBITES TI power supplies, MagnaChip's BCD process,prototyping tools for ECUs from STMicro,and MIT's potentially groundbreakingelectrode for Li-ions raised eyebrows How did TI manage toshoehorn an isolationtransformer in to itsnew dc-dc supply chips? Will MIT's process for creating purelithium anodes enable quantum leapsin Li-ion battery capacity and longevity? To overcome this, Li and his teamadopted an unusual design that utilizestwo additional classes of solids--"mixedionic-electronic conductors" (MIEC)and "electron and Li-ion insulators"(ELI), which are absolutely chemicallystable in contact with lithium metal. [Extracted from the article]