Jana, Reena, Balfour, Frederik, and Schwindt, Oriana
BusinessWeek. 8/18/2008, Issue 4096, p36-45. 6p. 10 Color Photographs, 1 Black and White Photograph.
PRODUCT management, RAPID prototyping, OLYMPIC Games -- Economic aspects, OLYMPIC Games (29th : 2008 : Beijing, China), and ENVIRONMENTAL engineering equipment
The article examines how corporations use the Olympic Games as a means of both testing and marketing new products. Sporting goods manufacturers have long done this, but companies including General Electric are introducing products including electronic equipment at the 2008 Olympic Games. Many of the venues built in Beijing, China for the Games employ state of the art environmental engineering design and equipment. INSETS: FASTER, HIGHER, STRONGER;CHILLED-OUT ARCHITECTURE;LONE STAR TRACK SPIKE;THE OLYMPIC RINGS' HALO EFFECT
PROTOTYPES, MAGNETIC fields, NEUTRON sources, and PARTICLE accelerators
Many applications using accelerator beams require a nearly uniform beam distribution at the target. A nested structure magnet producing a step-like magnet field has been proposed to transform an originally Gaussian or even irregular distribution into a more-or-less uniform one at targets. In this paper, the prototyping of a step-like field magnet is presented, which is based on the application in the China Spallation Neutron Source where the magnets are used to obtain a uniform beam profile from an initially irregular distribution at the spallation target. It includes the magnet design, 3D magnetic field calculation, prototype fabrication and field measurement. The prototyping confirms the technical feasibility of the magnet structure and the magnetic field quality consistent with the field calculations. The design improvements are discussed from the prototyping experience. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
RAPID prototyping, NEW product development, MASS production, MANUFACTURING processes, and ECONOMIC conditions in China, 2000-
The article discusses the future of specialized product development and rapid prototyping in China. According to British engineer Gordon Styles, who has launched a prototyping company in Zhongshan, China, called Star Prototype Manufacturing Co. Ltd., the 2012 economic environment in China is good for the production of prototypes and low-volume, customized products rather than mass produced ones. Comments from Styles on Star Prototype's precision manufacturing are presented.
The article focuses on General Motors Co. (GM) and its Rapid Prototype Laboratory. It informs that the laboratory uses two manufacturing processes which includes stereo lithography apparatus (SLA) and selective laser sintering (SLS). It also informs that GM is the world's largest automakers. It further informs that GM's national market includes China, U.S., and Brazil.
Recently formed Rapid Product Development Group Inc. (RPDG) of Escondido, California, is completing agreements for a Taiwan firm to make tools and a Chinese business to provide toolmaking, injection molding and assembly. The firm was formed in September to create prototypes and deliver long-run projects to contract manufacturers. Moran was vice president of Arrk Product Development Group in San Diego. RPDG has a 15,000-square-foot prototype facility using the services of a Tijuana, Mexico, shelter operator.
RAPID prototyping, MANUFACTURING processes, DEFENSE industry management, and MILITARY airplane design & construction
The article reports that the Chinese defense industries company Avic Defense will create rapid prototyping centers for the development of military airplanes which will be based on the so-called Skunk Works facilities of the U.S. company Lockheed Martin. The company hopes the centers will allow it to cope with production inefficiencies.
International Journal of Production Research. 6/15/2005, Vol. 43 Issue 12, p2649-2669. 21p. 2 Color Photographs.
MANUFACTURING processes, RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY, RAPID prototyping, PROTOTYPES, and COMPUTER engineering
The manufacturing environment has dramatically changed in the last few years. Worldwide competition among manufacturers and the development of new manufacturing technologies have contributed to today's competitive situation in many manufacturing areas. Advanced computer technology is the driver that has made global manufacturing competition possible. In this paper, the current research of advanced manufacturing technology at major institutions in China is introduced. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Professional Engineering. 8/17/2005, Vol. 18 Issue 15, p44-44. 1p.
COMPUTER-aided design, RAPID prototyping, SPORTS tournaments, OLYMPIC Games (29th : 2008 : Beijing, China), and STRUCTURAL design
This article reports that swimmers at the 2008 Olympics will compete beneath a sea of steel bubbles created using computer-aided design. The Shenzhen Design Institute won the international competition for the $100 million Water Cube after a public exhibition and vote in 2003. The consortium used the findings of the professors' paper in the design of the building. It was all made possible by rapid prototyping and the latest in computer-aided design. To convey the idea to the judges of the design competition, rapid prototyping was used to physically model the complex structure. The loads were applied to the external cladding and transmitted to the structural members. INSET: Lord Kelvin: A life in physics.
International Journal of China Marketing. 2012, Vol. 2 Issue 2, p38-59. 22p.
INTERNET marketing, INFORMATION theory, SECOND Life (Game), VIRTUAL reality, and ONLINE social networks
Second Life (SL) is leading three-dimensional (3D) virtual worlds working in an electronic environment. The residents have freedom to socialize, explore, meet people and build products and services. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the significance of communication and e-marketing opportunities in the SL virtual world. The theoretical background used in this study was communication theory and social system and media richness theory. Online conversations were performed with SL users to explore their communication behaviors and experiences to conduct marketing activities in Second Life. The findings show that initial capital investment, time engagement and quality of products were equally important in SL as in the real world. Moreover, advertising, customer relations, after sales service and consumer traffic are mandatory for e-marketing promotion. SL was found to be favorable for technological development, brand promotion, resource management, business strategy and prototyping. The synchronous communication is highly effective for managers and business practitioners in the real world. SL has a significant impact on individual Chinese users and the growth of China's internal market. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
China's Guangdong Yizumi Precision Machinery Co. Ltd. is bringing a 3D printing technology to K 2019 that it says is ready for small and medium production runs, not just the prototyping that additive manufacturing has historically targeted. Yizumi Chief Strategy Officer Hans Wobbe said the system uses standard polymers and filled and fiber-reinforced plastics such as nylon with 30 percent carbon fiber, which helps to speed up the additive manufacturing process. Yizumi debuted the SpaceA robotic 3D printing system last year at both Germany's Fakuma plastics show and the Formnext additive manufacturing show in Frankfurt. [Extracted from the article]
INDUSTRIAL marketing, NEW product development, INDUSTRIAL design, RAPID prototyping, PRODUCT management, and CASE studies
Despite the acknowledgement of functional integration as an important driver of new product development (NPD) success and the growing recognition of the significance of industrial design (ID), the integration between industrial design and other functional units in NPD has been rarely researched. In this article, we examine the marketing and ID integration in NPD in the context of China. Mainly based on Cooper's (1994) stage-gate phases of NPD process and Gupta, Raj, and Wilemon's (1985) categorization of NPD activities, we develop a conceptual framework that identifies 29 areas that might require integration or where integration might occur between marketing and ID. Specifically, we investigate and compare the current and the ideal integration between marketing and ID perceived by the two functions. An analysis of data from 113 companies reveals that the current level of integration fell short of the ideal level of integration in all the phases of NPD. Both managers believed in the descending trend of integration along the stage-gate NPD phases and were dissatisfied with the current level of integration in all the NPD phases. Except for a few areas of agreement, marketing and ID managers showed significant differences with each other in their perceptions of the current and the ideal integration in most of the 29 areas. Despite the disagreements however, the two functions agreed with each other on the most important areas that require integration and achieved the highest level of marketing-ID integration. These findings suggest that firms should improve the marketing-ID integration in all the NPD phases and that management could improve the effectiveness of marketing-ID integration by prioritizing and focusing on the most important areas. Research and managerial implications, limitations, and future research directions are presented in the paper. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
RESEARCH & development contracts, RESEARCH institutes, RAPID prototyping, COMMERCIAL products, PATENT law, INTERNATIONAL markets, and ECONOMIC conditions in China, 2000-
This article discusses the growth of foreign-invested research and development centers in China. Corporations have been investing in Chinese research and development operations to develop new products for the global market, instead of updating existing technology. However, China's weak patent protection laws have encouraged some corporations to conduct their research and development in other countries.
MANUFACTURING industries, FACTORIES, RAPID prototyping, and PRODUCTION management (Manufacturing)
The article reports that liquid color leader ColorMatrix Group Inc. expects to open a manufacturing site in Suzhou, China, in early 2008. According to global development director Mark Frost, the firm will open a 30,000-square-foot site there. The company is preparing to launch a new online color-matching service for its customers. It is stated that the online color-matching system is ColorMatrix's attempt to create a complete design system, from rapid prototype to production.
COMMERCE, INVENTIONS, RAPID prototyping, COPYRIGHT, and CREATIVE ability
The author reports on creativity in China. He presents four reasons why China is becoming a fertile place for creative people. He points out that the country is very web-savvy and has a very small gap between concept and execution. Further, he argues that the lack of copyright protection makes it easier to create. He also notes that city life is very cheap for young people and says that helps foster creativity.
RESEARCH & development and FAILURE analysis (Engineering)
The article reports that Universal Instruments Corp. has opened its Suzhou Technology Excellence Center (TEC) in Suzhou, Jiangsu Sheng, China, for expanding its research and development efforts. The facility features a technology gallery, research laboratory and display/demonstration product room. The TEC also enhances the company's process support in the areas of technology, research and training, prototyping, yield improvement and failure analysis.
CORPORATE growth, MANUFACTURING processes, STRATEGIC planning, TOOL manufacturing, and PROTOTYPES
The article focuses on the impact of China's manufacturing capacity expansion towards Great Britain companies. It could be noted that the Tyne & Wear-based Omega Plastics is determined to meet manufacturing challenges. Gordon Styles' experience of rapid prototyping/toolmaking sector is considered to be significant. Styles believed that China will dominate the world politically and economically by 2015. He extended his skills by studying business management, theory and practice.
TELEPHONE companies, ENTERPRISE resource planning, BUSINESS planning, and RESOURCE allocation
The article reports on the proposed operations transfer planning of Filtronic Comtek Inc. in China. Following its successful spread out in Great Britain, the telecommunication and radio engineering firm is onto a new enterprise resource planning (ERP) system to upgrade it to Infor's Syteline ERP system. Mike O'Carroll, group IT manager at Filtronic Comtek, told that the main upgradation was a shift in the database technology behind the ERP software. In February 2006, Syteline was rolled out to Filtronic Comtek's British operations, where prototyping and small-scale production takes place.
URBAN planning, AUTOMOBILES, SUPERCOMPUTERS, MATHEMATICAL models, and GOVERNMENT policy
Reports on the use of computer models that let planners predict the impact of changes affecting cities. Consequence for the city of Groningen, Netherlands of banning cars from the city center; Use `profligate prototyping' to reflect all possible outcomes; Supercomputer at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University.
CONSTRUCTION industry, PROTOTYPES, and PREFABRICATED house design & construction
Prefabricated construction is regarded by many as an effective and efficient approach to improving construction processes and productivity, ensuring construction quality and reducing time and cost in the construction industry. However, many problems occur with this approach in practice, including higher risk levels and cost or time overruns. In order to solve such problems, it is proposed that the IKEA model of the manufacturing industry and VP technology are introduced into a prefabricated construction process. The concept of the IKEA model is identified in detail and VP technology is briefly introduced. In conjunction with VP technology, the applications of the IKEA model are presented in detail, i.e. design optimization, production optimization and installation optimization. Furthermore, through a case study of a prefabricated hotel project in Hong Kong, it is shown that the VP-based IKEA model can improve the efficiency and safety of prefabricated construction as well as reducing cost and time. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The article informs that Hangzhou, China-based Owens Corning Corp. announced its plans to launch a composites center in Shanghai, China, at the China International Composites Industrial Technical Exposition, held from September 7 to 9, 2011 in Shanghai, China. The center will conduct operations like composite prototyping, materials testing and design and technical support and will use composites for renewable energy, residential and commercial building.