PROTOTYPES, INDUSTRIAL design, ENGINEERING design, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, and NEW product development
Prototyping can be seen as the heart of the innovation process. Typically, engineers and designers both work on prototyping activities, but their diverse backgrounds make for different perspectives on prototyping. Based on earlier literature, this study investigates commonalities and differences in the prototyping behavior of engineers and designers. For this study, semi‐structured interviews and workshops with different experiments were conducted. Using low‐fidelity prototypes, our results indicated that there are differences in the early phase of prototyping. Engineers focused on the features and functions of a prototype and needed to meet specific goals in order to push the process forward. Designers, on the other hand, used prototypes to investigate the design space for new possibilities, and were more open to a variety of prototyping materials and tools, especially for low‐fidelity prototypes. In the later prototyping phases, the prototyping behaviors of engineers and designers became similar. Our study contributes to the understanding of prototyping purposes, activities, and processes across disciplines, and supports the management of prototyping in new product development processes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Industry Week/IW. Feb2010, Vol. 259 Issue 2, p46-47. 2p. 3 Color Photographs.
RAPID prototyping, INDUSTRIAL equipment, INDUSTRIAL design, and TECHNOLOGICAL innovations
The article offers information on rapid prototyping and three-dimensional imaging systems. Abe Reichental, chief executive officer (CEO) of a maker of three-dimensional imaging and rapid prototyping systems 3D Systems Inc., shares that rapid prototyping can produce with a wider array of materials. It notes that the technology helps connect the gap between when a part design is finished and when the part goes into production.
Kagan, Evgeny, Leider, Stephen, and Lovejoy, William S.
Management Science. May2018, Vol. 64 Issue 5, p2238-2262. 25p. 1 Black and White Photograph, 7 Charts, 4 Graphs.
NEW product development, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, PRODUCT management, INDUSTRIAL design, and INFORMATION & communication technologies
Bringing a new product to market involves both a creative ideation stage and an execution stage. When time-to-market constraints are binding, important questions are how to divide limited time between the two stages and who should make this decision. We introduce a laboratory experiment that closely resembles this setting: it features a product development task with an open design space, a downstream cost increase, and two development stages.We show that performance is significantly worse when designers choose for themselves when to transition from ideation to execution and that decision control explains a large share of performance variation even after controlling for individual differences. How the time is allocated between ideation and execution does not affect mean performance, but later transition increases risk. One driver of poor design outcomes in the designer-initiated transition regime are delays in physical construction and testing of designs. We show that such delays can be prevented by "nudging" designers toward early prototyping. However, the most important performance driver is the lack of task structure in endogenous regimes, which can be remedied by demanding a concrete, performance-oriented deliverable prior to a transition. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Technological innovations, Workmanship, Product quality, Prototypes, Industrial design, and Design
In this article, the authors argue that innovation in design is derived from the culture of artisanship. Taking as its focus an analysis of the evolution of Italian design, the article discusses the role that artisanship plays in improving the quality and success of design products. It is argued that artisanship is part of a complex system of production in which it plays the dual role of exploring new ideas via small scale prototyping and the role of cooperating through specific competences with industrial production.
The article discusses the rapid prototyping company Realize Inc. According to the article, the company is based in Indianapolis, Indiana. The article also discusses the company's iPro 8000 Stereolithography (SLA) Production Printer. The article offers comments from Realize chief financial officer (CF) Tonya Reese.
INDUSTRIAL design, PERSONAL computers, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, ELECTRIC equipment, and MILLING machinery
The article presents information about LPKF Laser and Electronics AG's ProtoMat S62 desktop milling machine. The desktop S62 is a 3D milling machine designed to create personal computer (pc)boards. Its 10-tool autochanger enables it to handle a wide range of jobs. The plotter's milling head travels at 150 mm/s, and the high-performance spindle motor ratchets up to 62,000 rpm. Also, its Z-axis movement permits depth in RF designs as well as very flexible modifications to non-pc-board materials. According to LPKF's S62 sales manager Jim Greene, the S62s are rolling off the assembly line to customers as fast as the company can make them. The ability to quickly create a single board means that developers can verify their design before making additional boards. This avoids wasted boards when a major design defect is found. Even minor fixes can be easily accommodated. The S62 can cut photomasks, pockets in microwave boards, covers for boxes, and much more. Most S62 users are experimenting with these features, which can enable them to create customized boards and boxes for individual projects. INSETS: TWO TO THREE CUSTOM JOBS A DAY!;PROTOTYPING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF NEW BRUNSWICK.;BUILDING PC BOARDS IN BRITISH COLUMBIA..
INDUSTRIAL design, COMPUTER-aided design, and TECHNOLOGICAL innovations
Focuses on the benefits of virtual product development (VPD), the process by which engineers model, analyze and refine designs right in the computer. Key software and hardware tools required in VPD implementation; Understanding solid modeling; Implementation of finite-element analysis; Producing prototyping; Product data management as important enabler of VPD. INSETS: Aiming high with VPD.;Design Edge cooks up solutions..
Industrial design, New product development, Technological innovations, Computer-aided design, Computer-aided engineering, Industrial research, Prototypes, Manufacturing processes, and Computer simulation
The article presents information on the designing of innovative new products. Engineers have adopted productivity tools that promise more predictable outcomes. Computer-aided design, is one of those tools. The evolution of design documentation made advance when engineers defined their designs in the universal graphics language known as orthographic projection drawings. Engineers now create a three-dimensional simulation of the solid design instead of creating two-dimensional representations of views. Working from the design saved days in the project schedule. Engineers do prototyping to test designs.
DATA transmission systems, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, PRODUCT design, INDUSTRIAL design, BUSINESS models, and DOWNLOADING of data
The article reports on the free download of Inventor Fusion Technology Preview from Autodesk Inc. Laboratories in Australia. It is a digital prototyping technology which unites the power and control of parametric, history-based modeling. It is considered as part of larger effort combining the best disciplines to improve product design process. It offers seamless bidirectional parametric and direct workflows to users through the adoption of modeling approach.