Wolf-Powers, Laura, Doussard, Marc, Schrock, Greg, Heying, Charles, Eisenburger, Max, and Marotta, Stephen
Journal of the American Planning Association. 2017, Vol. 83 Issue 4, p365-376. 12p.
MANUFACTURING industries, URBAN planning, SUPPLY chain management, URBAN economics, and URBAN community development
Problem, research strategy, and findings : The maker movement is placing small-scale manufacturing development on mayoral agendas across the United States and promises to reinvigorate production economies in central cities. To make effective policy, planners need more knowledge about the entrepreneurs at the center of this phenomenon. Here we present a qualitative investigation of urban maker economies. We draw on semistructured interviews with firms and supportive organizations in Chicago (IL), New York City (NY), and Portland (OR). A limitation of our approach stems from the unavailability of population parameters; we cannot confirm that our sample refl ects the universe of maker enterprises. We find that makers draw on ecosystems comprising mainly for-profit firms. The public and nonprofit sectors are important in areas where markets do not provide the resources that fledgling makers require. We find 3 distinct types of maker enterprise: micromakers, global innovators, and emerging place-based manufacturers. Each makes a different contribution to local and regional economic development. Takeaway for practice : Planners can maximize the potential of the maker movement by distinguishing among the 3 types of maker firms. Practitioners focused on employment creation should prioritize emerging place-based manufacturers, helping them build supply chain connections and ensuring that they have affordable space into which to expand. Artisanal micromakers also generate economic benefits, as do global innovators focused on product design and prototyping. But emerging place-based manufacturers have the highest potential for employment creation, both directly and via the business growth they stimulate. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The authors discuss aspects of 3D printing for a rapid prototyping and small-run production of the manufacturing industries. They state that 3D printing can be used in production methods, mining methods and machine tools that are capable for mass production in the industry. The authors mentions that 3D printing reproduce a digital model through a consolidation of materials in a computer-generated designs.
International Journal of Production Research. Sep98, Vol. 36 Issue 9.
OPERATIONS research, PRODUCTION engineering, INDUSTRIAL engineering, MANUFACTURING industries, CONFERENCES & conventions, and CONGRESSES
The article presents information on the 15th International Conference on Production Research (ICPR), to be held at the University of Limerick, Ireland from August 9-13, 1999. The ICPR Conference is regarded worldwide as the ranking conference in the promotion of research and teaching in the fields of Industrial and Production Engineering. It also serves as a forum to disseminate, to all branches of the service and manufacturing industries, information on the most recent and relevant innovations. The Conference aims to provide a forum for researchers, academics and industrialists to discuss and promote the fruits of their research and to provide a forum for technology transfer. This should enable organizations to meet the competitive challenges of the new millennium, particularly from emerging economic powers. Papers are invited from authors on topics such as, design for manufacture, concurrent engineering, rapid prototyping, production planning methods, management of production and so on.