MIS Quarterly. Sep82, Vol. 6 Issue 3, p29-44. 16p.
SYSTEMS development, INFORMATION resources management, COMPUTER software, NEW product development, KNOWLEDGE management, INFORMATION technology, MANAGEMENT information systems, SYSTEM analysis, RAPID prototyping, INDUSTRIAL management, and BUSINESS planning
Leading MIS executives and academicians have identified systems development as one of the most critical issues of the 1980s. Their concerns include providing user accessibility to stored information, reducing development cost and delay, increasing developer productivity, and increasing MIS's impact on organizational growth, productivity, and profitability. Among the number of proposed alternative approaches to traditional systems development, prototyping is mentioned frequently. Prototyping is routine in hardware development but not software. The authors review published references to prototyping and related concepts and synthesize a process model for information systems. In this model, resource requirements are enumerated and discussed. The article includes an analysis of the economics of prototyping, and a brief discussion of several examples. Prototyping for information systems development addresses today's critical issues; it will no doubt raise a new set of research questions for tomorrow. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
INFORMATION resources management, RAPID prototyping, USER interfaces (Computer systems), COMPUTER software, TIME study, SYSTEMS design, COMPUTER systems, and INFORMATION technology
Purpose - The primary purpose of this paper is to present an integrated framework for user interface prototyping and evaluation for the development of information systems and to present architecture for evaluating generic applications. Design/methodology/approach - The framework is constructed through combining two distinctive methods of prototyping and evaluation, statechart and goals, operators, methods, and selection rules. Relevant methods and architectures of the integrated framework are presented in unified modeling language when possible. Findings - The importance of the usability of information systems is highlighted in this research. However, it still lacks an integrated framework for information system development and usability evaluation. This paper provides a framework that evaluation method is intertwined with user interface prototyping to shorten the time of development lifecycle. The architecture for evaluating generic applications is also invaluable for motion and time study and the procurement of vender-provided systems. Research limitations/implications - The user base of information systems is diverse and the requirements of these systems change over time. This paper provides a framework that helps managers and engineers smooth and shorten the development phases. For future works, an object-oriented programming framework and a tool for evaluating generic applications will be developed. Originality/value - This paper proposes a comprehensive framework for combining prototyping and evaluation, as well as architecture for the evaluation of generic applications. It shortens the development phases by using formal modeling for user interface construction and evaluation. It also provides means to evaluate candidate systems whose program logics cannot be accessed and modified. It also complements the models used in the framework by extending their practical and academic values. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
COMPUTER software, PROTOTYPES, COMPUTER-aided engineering, COMPUTER-aided design, SYSTEMS design, PRINTED circuits, ELECTRONIC circuits, COMPUTER simulation, GRAPHICAL user interfaces, and ARCHITECTURE & technology
The article discusses several guidelines in designing pc-boards (PCB) and creating a PCB layout-package footprints suitable for prototyping. These guidelines enable designers to quickly generate the needed PCB apertures including top copper footprints, solder-mask-stop apertures, as well as solder-paste-stencil apertures and to help carry prototype designs for laboratory testing. Engineers are able to automate the trial-and-error process of routing traces through the latest Computer-aided design software which offers intuitive graphical user interfaces and supports importing component and wiring information from associated schematic-drawing programs.
COMPUTER input-output equipment, COMPUTER software, SYSTEMS design, WIRELESS communications, DIGITAL computer simulation, and COMPUTER graphics
Smart-Its are self-contained, stick-on computers that attach to everyday objects. These augmented objects become soft media, enabling dynamic digital relationships with users and each other. The major advantage of the Smart-Its platform is that it, with wireless communication and sensors, allows designers and researchers to construct responsive or intelligent environments with comparably little overhead. A major part of the Smart-Its project has been to develop and integrate the hardware and software. INSETS: The Smart-Its Hardware.;The Smart-Its Perception API.;Other Physical Prototyping Kits..
PROTOTYPES, COMPUTER software, SYSTEMS design, OPTICAL industry, COMPUTER simulation, and OPTICAL computers
Presents information on the combination of design-and-simulation tools and measurement equipment that could create virtual models of network performance as affected by optical components. Advantages of virtual prototyping; Discussion on the goal of network simulation; Recommendation on the use of an accurate component measurement simulation system.
COMPUTER software, SYSTEMS design, SYSTEM analysis, and APPLICATION software
The article reports on the launch of MechanicalSystems 2.0, an application package for rigid body system design, by Wolfram Research in November 2005. The software is compatible with Mathematica 5.2 and significantly speeds up prototyping and simulation tasks for complex models. MechanicalSystems features over 50 two- and three-dimensional geometric constraints for modeling complex mechanical relationships. Custom algebraic constraints can also be easily defined for modeling non-geometric or control relationships. MechanicalSystems requires Mathematica 5.0 or higher and is available for Windows, Mac OS X, Linux, Unix and compatible systems. The suggested retail price is US $295.
SYSTEMS design, COMPUTER software, EMBEDDED computer systems, and MICROTECHNOLOGY
This article reports on an announcement made by Analog Devices Inc. (ADI) and National Instruments Corp. (NI) regarding the release of the NI LabVIEW Embedded Module for ADI Blackfin Processors as of April 2006. Test and measurement company NI first started talking publicly about using its software product for embedded system design back in 2004. In August 2004, it first publicly showed off a beta version of its flagship software product LabVIEW that was being tailored for partner Analog Devices' Blackfin processor. With the LabVIEW Embedded Module for Blackfin Processors, domain experts can develop their applications from algorithm design and prototyping to deployment and test, all using one platform, according to NI and ADI.