Saneie, Hamid, Nasiri-Gheidari, Zahra, and Tootoonchian, Farid
IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion. Mar2020, Vol. 35 Issue 1, p271-278. 8p.
FINITE element method, PERMANENT magnet generators, and STATORS
Multi-turn resolvers are employed in the applications that high reliability; high accuracy and absolute position measurement are required, simultaneously. They are basically consisted of two individual resolvers in a common frame. In this paper a novel sinusoidal air-gap length multi-turn resolver is proposed. The rotor shape and the winding configuration are designed to achieve single-speed and multi-speed operations using a single rotor and a single stator core. Furthermore, some constraints are laid down and discussed in such a way that the performance of two resolvers has no interference with each other. All the mathematical calculations are validated using time stepping finite element analysis. Finally, a prototype of the sensor is built and tested. Experimental measurements are used to verify the analytical and finite element discussions. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Technological Forecasting & Social Change; May2014, Vol. 84, p5-14, 10p
RAPID prototyping, SCIENCE fiction, ROBUST control, DATA entry, SYSTEMS design, and BUSINESS research
Abstract: This paper blends an empirical case study with science fiction prototyping (SFP) to explore the current and future of design prototyping. Mixing methods in this way improves the robustness of the SF prototype and mitigates the criticism that SFP may be used in an insufficiently-grounded way. In addition to this methodological contribution the study makes a subject contribution by illuminating the impact of emerging technologies on creativity, and re-imagining design within a co-creation workspace. We explore the interplay between creative and business processes, often caricatured stereotypically as the ‘creatives’ versus the ‘suits’, and ‘magic’ versus ‘logic’. We use data captured during a collaborative case study between a highly-innovative design company and business researchers. The case focused on a designer as she completed a design brief for a simulated new product. The study surfaced areas of disconnect between the creative aspects and the drive for business efficiency in the design process. Two key areas; interaction between variables and concept transference were identified. The discussion considers issues related to how design might transform into a co-creative activity conducted in a technology-enhanced workspace where the distinctions between creative design and business processes are all but eradicated. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
Product-Service Systems (PSS) enhance product-centered offers with services and infrastructure in order to provide customer-oriented solutions. These new concepts enable companies to innovate their portfolio, thus supporting creative and adaptable solutions  . One of the major challenges is the integrated development of both tangible products and intangible services in respect to their interdependencies. For this reason researchers proposed a versatile set of methods and tools regarding the development of PSS. Nevertheless, two discrepancies can be stated: Firstly, prototyping has been studied inadequately in PSS research so far. For this reason Exner et al. proposed new approaches to fill this gap  , including remarks to further proceed research with different degrees of technological utilization. Secondly, although customer-orientation and customer integration has been recognized as crucial for PSS, the involvement of clients or consumers in the design process is often disregarded. Consequently, this paper presents an extensive literature research regarding active customer integration and prototyping in PSS design processes. Based on these insights a concept for a new PSS prototyping approach is introduced. The method focuses on PSS concept development including the integration of the customer to evaluate and develop the concepts with intuitive touch technologies. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
This paper explores how designers’ core competencies relate to the emerging paradigmatic shift in design practice, and provides suggestions for design education. The shift is due to the increased interest from design in engaging with social and political contexts and issues the last fifteen years. Designers have several core competencies and in this paper prototyping and thereby the capacity to work with wicked problems are explored. More explicitly, we suggest that designers can design relevant propositions with the help of successive prototyping. Tightly integrating designing propositions with problem setting is necessary when dealing with wicked problems. This works well when designers deal with signs and things. However, in order to deal with increasingly complex contexts, we suggest that design students should get more relevant experience of prototyping in complex contexts and improved reflection by making use of theories from STS in order to deal with these complex contexts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The article informs that the periodical has partnered with Framer to try and understand how designers use prototyping in interaction design projects and help them to compile a free to access report. It mentions that the partnership help give a proper understanding of whether prototyping is growing within interaction design and able to look in detail at whether prototyping helps to communicate ideas both within organisations and to clients as well as if it improves outcomes for customers.
COMPUTER software, PROTOTYPES, TESTING, COMPUTER simulation, and DESIGN
A prototyping and simulation tool that supports the development of distributed programs is described. This tool, called Jems, forms a part of Jade, a distributed software prototyping environment. The Jade environment provides tools for the design, implementation, debugging, testing, maintenance, and performance analysis of distributed, concurrent programs. Novel features of Jade include the support of: multi-lingual distributed programs; flexible monitoring of inter-process communication; multiple views into executing programs via a window system; graphical animation of executing programs; and the prototyping of distributed software. This paper presents an overview of the Jade environment, describes the distributed software prototyping tool, and outlines the status of the project. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Since design has made an argument on its ability to foresee possible future scenarios for the artifacts designers construct; one of the most important contemporary issues is the understanding of how these objects and the people around them will interact in the real world, beyond the expectations proposed on the process of design. This paper advances on the idea of a framework for design research and innovation that tries to go beyond the research of the current state of the system and proposes the use of prototypes as probes into a possible future scenario of the system that could bring new knowledge about how the system could be transformed when the objects are implemented. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Hosseini, Seyed Mohsen, Agha-Mirsalim, Mojtaba, and Mirzaei, Mehran
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. Jan2008 Part 1 of 2, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p75-80. 6p. 2 Black and White Photographs, 6 Diagrams, 4 Charts, 5 Graphs.
FINITE element method, MAGNETS, FERROMAGNETIC materials, PROPERTIES of matter, and ELECTRICAL engineering
This paper presents the design, prototyping, and analysis of a relatively small and cheap axial-flux three-phase coreless permanent- magnet generator. The excitation of the machine is done by rectangular flat shaped neodymium-iron-boron magnets. A two-dimensional model of the machine is analyzed with finite-element software to obtain the machine parameters. One special feature of the constructed generator is in the design and prototyping of nonferromagnetic holders to counteract centrifugal forces acting on magnets, especially at high speeds. By implementing the nonferromagnetic holders, one can expect to construct high-speed axial-flux permanent-magnet generators at low cost. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics & Business Administration Working Paper Series. 2012, Issue 85, p3-26. 24p. 4 Charts, 1 Graph.
NEW product development, RAPID prototyping, STRATEGIC planning, ECONOMETRICS, and FACTORIES
Investments in design play a potentially significant role in new product development (NPD) although there is little unanimity on the most appropriate or effective design strategy. Previous case-study based studies have identified three alternative design strategies for NPD: design used as a functional specialism, design used as part of a multi-functional team and designer-led NPD. Using data on a sample of Irish manufacturing plants over three periods we are able to examine the effectiveness of each of these three design strategies for NPD novelty and success. Our analysis suggests that design is closely associated with success in NPD performance regardless of the type of strategy pursued. Adopting designer-led NPD, however, is associated with a much greater NPD performance than more functionally-oriented strategies. The effects of design on NPD outcomes are also strongly moderated by other plant characteristics. For example, the beneficial role of design on NPD outputs is only evident for plants which also engage in R&D. Also, while both small and larger plants do gain from using design as a functional specialism and as part of multi-functional teams, the additional benefits of design-leadership in the NPD process are only evident in larger plants. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]