Journal of Social Policy Studies; 2018, Vol. 16 Issue 3, p409-424, 16p
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NEW product development, ENTREPRENEURSHIP, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, RAPID prototyping, and PRODUCT management
Under modern conditions the efficiency of enterprise activities depends on the fact how successfully new goods of improved quality are launched into the market. The search and development of new goods (innovation activity) is the main reason of investment in business. There is proposed the new model of creation of new product by means of innovative structures of business activity, where main stage is that of generation of new ideas (the systematic search of innovation). Effectively working businessmen receive new original ideas, getting into contact with the consumers of their products. The main purpose of this stage is it make a suggestion of new innovations as much as possible, the following stages are aimed at decrease of their number, choosing the most effective. Each of the chosen ideas should be turned into the concept of the good, whose impact should be tested on the relevant group of potential consumers. The most attractive concept being identified, the strategy of marketing of new product should be worked out alongside with technical economic analysis. If the project is financially favorable, it goes over to the stage prototype creation with succeeding trial of marketing. If the businessman is sure in the success of new product the trial is refused at all or is carried out in reduced form. In case the decision to continue is made, the project undergoes the stage of commercialization. In real life the stages of goods development processes described above very succeed each other in the strict order. Many businessmen prefer quicker and more flexible parallel development of new product, supposing undergoing of some stages simultaneously, which saves time and increases efficiency of new project. The parallel approach in its turn has some flaws. Too quick development of the product can cause more risks, may be more expensive, leading to additional management problems. However, in high technological brunches (electronics, computer and etc.) the advantages of parallel innovation development processes surpass the risks. The businessmen have to take into account what stages of new product launching are more favorable for parallel development in certain conditions. This method is very useful for businessmen that want to be a leaders on the local market for long time. New ideas and good quality of new good are base of success in competition. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Aviakosmicheskaia i ekologicheskaia meditsina = Aerospace and environmental medicine [Aviakosm Ekolog Med] 2012 Sep-Oct; Vol. 46 (5), pp. 55-8.
Carbon Dioxide chemistry, Computer Simulation, Disinfection instrumentation, Disinfection methods, Drinking Water, Electromagnetic Fields, Heating instrumentation, Heating methods, Humans, Microwaves, Models, Theoretical, Disinfection statistics numerical data, Ecological Systems, Closed, Heating statistics numerical data, Life Support Systems instrumentation, Software, and Space Flight
To optimize the design of SHF-based potable water disinfection and heating subsystem within the life support system (LSS), computer modeling of the super-high frequency electromagnetic field in SHF-based waveguide-coaxial and coaxial running water heaters was performed Software package CST Microwave Studio 2010 was used as the main instrument in the investigation. Results of the investigation can contribute to the development and prototyping of an HSF-based water heater as an integral part of advanced life support system for spacecrews
Aviakosmicheskaia i ekologicheskaia meditsina = Aerospace and environmental medicine [Aviakosm Ekolog Med] 2012 Jan-Feb; Vol. 46 (1), pp. 62-7.
Electric Power Supplies, Electricity, Electrochemical Techniques, Electrodes, Humans, Life Support Systems, Microbial Consortia, Sewage microbiology, Bioelectric Energy Sources, Biofilms, Ecological Systems, Closed, Ochrobactrum physiology, Shewanella physiology, and Space Flight
Purpose of the work was designing and prototyping of microbial fuel cells (MFC) and comparative evaluation of the electrogenic activity of wastewater autochthonous microorganisms as well as bacterial monocultures. Objects were model electrogenic strain Shewanella oneidensis MR-1, and an Ochrobactrum sp. strain isolated from the active anode biofilm of MFC composed as an electricity generating system. The study employed the methods typically used for aerobic and anaerobic strains, current measurement, identification of new electrogenic strains in microbial association of wastewater sludge and species definition by rRNA 16-S. As a result, two MFCs prototypes were tried out. Besides, it was shown that electrogenic activity of S. oneidensis MR-1 and Ochrobactrum sp. monocultures is similar but differs from that of the microbial association of the anode biofilm.
Aviakosmicheskaia i ekologicheskaia meditsina = Aerospace and environmental medicine [Aviakosm Ekolog Med] 2004 Jan-Feb; Vol. 38 (1), pp. 5-14.
Atmosphere, Chemical Phenomena, Chemistry, Humans, Life Support Systems, Magnetics, Models, Statistical, Physical Phenomena, Physics, Carbon Dioxide blood, Hydrogen blood, Radio Waves, and Space Flight
Compared are contrasted are moving, stationary, and combined SHF-discharges, methods of discharge generation and diagnostics of the discharge temperature, electron concentration in the discharge tube. and SHF contribution. A combination of the SHF and arc discharges was selected for prototyping the carbon dioxide and hydrogen processor within a physical-chemical life support system. To sustain temperature in the interval between 1000 and 3500 degrees C to support the initial Bosch reaction, a low-power (30-50 mA) glow discharge will be used instead of the continuous current arc (3-5 A). This combination increases plasma efficiency and is suitable for designing a non-inertia air supply within the space life support system.