Product Design has a digital future, but the changes in thinking and practice required of discipline leaders involve a paradigm shift, rather than an evolution. Rather than challenging existing cultures and conventional mass manufacturing expertise to create incremental change, it will be necessary to propose new digital product design themes that align with computer-based disciplines. This article highlights the development of generative product design over the last decade, enabled by advances in additive manufacturing (3D printing) moving it from a rapid prototyping technology into a viable production process for end-use manufacturing. Illustrated through generative product design practices developed by a UK computational product design studio, this article explains how generative design has the potential to enable more fluid product outcomes and interactions. The approaches discussed provide insight into the possibilities for future product design practices and changed disciplinary boundaries, predicated on digital discipline collaborations and innovative ways of working. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Building Research & Information. Jan1999, Vol. 27 Issue 1, p35-55. 21p. 13 Black and White Photographs, 13 Diagrams.
MILITARY training camps and MILITARY bases
A lightweight, rapid-erect shelter system using a new combination of composite materials and fabric diaphragms in a truss support system has been developed in response to changes in military requirements. This paper outlines the background to the project and the reasons for its inception; it follows the development of the design from initial conceptual idea to eventual solution. Decisions influencing the overall design, structure, materials, prototyping and manufacturing techniques are discussed in relation to performance criteria and client capabilities. The authors focus on the problems encountered in the development programme and the innovation process, highlight how these problems were overcome and detail the benefits which were created. In particular, the resulting tent incorporates lightweight sprung glass reinforced composite beams, post-tensioned by a fabric diaphragm. The new shelter uses a minimum number of these lightweight, rigid components and consequently achieves a reduction in weight, erect and strike times and packed bulk through its innovations. Pour repondre a l'evolution des besoins des forces armees, on a developpe un nouvel abri leger, a montage rapide, qui utilise une nouvelle combinaison de materiaux composites et de diaphragmes en toile dans un systeme a bati-support. Cet article rappelle les grandes lignes du projet et les raisons de sa mise en oeuvre; il decrit l'avancement du concept, de la conception initiale jusqu'a solution definitive. Les decisions qui ont une influence sur la conception generale, la structure, les materiaux, les prototypes et les techniques de fabrication sont examinees par rapport aux criteres de performance et aux capacites de l'utilisateur. Les auteurs se penchant notamment sur les problemes rencontres dans le cadre du programme de developpement et au niveau de l'innovation; ils expliquent clairement comment ces problemes ont ete resolus et exposent en detail les avantages qui en decoulent. En particulier, la tente qui est nee de cette idee est realisee avec des poutres composites renforcees a la fibre de verre elastique legere, qui sont post-tensionnees par un diaphragme en toile. Ce nouvel abri utilise un nombre minimal de ces composants rigides et legers. Ce concept permet donc de reduire le poids ainsi que les temps de montage et de demontage; en outre, ces tentes peuvent etre emballees en quantites grace a toutes ces innovations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
NEW product development -- Marketing, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, MARKETING models, MARKETING research, BUSINESS models, CONSUMER research, INDUSTRIAL research, SERVICE industries, PRODUCT management, RAPID prototyping, and BANKING industry advertising
The adoption of new products and services is of increasing importance to many industries. This is especially so for those organisations that are marketing technological innovations. In this paper a model of the perceived renovation attributes and the personal characteristics of adopters and non-adopters was developed, based on literature and consumer research. These are then tested using a questionnaire concerned with the UK market for direct banking services. The results are presented in detail which indicate that the model presented is an excellent predictor of adoption behaviour. From these results a number of interesting implications have been highlighted for marketing practice. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]