International Journal of Production Research. 6/15/2005, Vol. 43 Issue 12, p2649-2669. 21p. 2 Color Photographs.
MANUFACTURING processes, RESEARCH, TECHNOLOGY, RAPID prototyping, PROTOTYPES, and COMPUTER engineering
The manufacturing environment has dramatically changed in the last few years. Worldwide competition among manufacturers and the development of new manufacturing technologies have contributed to today's competitive situation in many manufacturing areas. Advanced computer technology is the driver that has made global manufacturing competition possible. In this paper, the current research of advanced manufacturing technology at major institutions in China is introduced. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
CONSTRUCTION industry, PROTOTYPES, and PREFABRICATED house design & construction
Prefabricated construction is regarded by many as an effective and efficient approach to improving construction processes and productivity, ensuring construction quality and reducing time and cost in the construction industry. However, many problems occur with this approach in practice, including higher risk levels and cost or time overruns. In order to solve such problems, it is proposed that the IKEA model of the manufacturing industry and VP technology are introduced into a prefabricated construction process. The concept of the IKEA model is identified in detail and VP technology is briefly introduced. In conjunction with VP technology, the applications of the IKEA model are presented in detail, i.e. design optimization, production optimization and installation optimization. Furthermore, through a case study of a prefabricated hotel project in Hong Kong, it is shown that the VP-based IKEA model can improve the efficiency and safety of prefabricated construction as well as reducing cost and time. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]