International Journal of Production Economics. Oct2006, Vol. 103 Issue 2, p565-571. 7p.
MANUFACTURES, MANUFACTURING processes, RAPID prototyping, and PRODUCTION methods
Abstract: Process capability indices (PCIs) can be viewed as effective and excellent means of measuring product quality and performance, but they are not sufficient for evaluating an entire product with multiple characteristics. [Chen, K.S., Huang, M.L., Li, R.K., 2001. Process capability analysis for an entire product. International Journal of Production Research 39(17), 4077–4087] proposed the process capability analysis chart (PCAC), applied indices C pu, C pl and C pa to evaluate the integrated process capability for a multi-process product. However, as noted by [Pearn, W.L., Chen, K.S., 1997. Multi-process performance analysis: a case study. Quality Engineering 10(1), 1–8], when we take into account the asymmetric tolerance, C pn reflects the process capability more accurately and is superior to index C pa. In this paper, we select C pn to replace C pa, and reconstruct a process capability monitoring chart (PCMC) for evaluating process potentials and performance for an entire product, which consists of smaller-the-better (with C pu), larger-the-better (with C pl), nominal-the-best (with C pn) specifications, respectively. Meanwhile, an integrated product capability index is proposed, and the relationship between the index and the process yield of an entire product is described. A PCMC, which reasonably and accurately indicates the status of all process capabilities for the silicon-filler product, is designed for practical applications. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
The timely and rapid introduction of new products and manufacturing processes is becoming essential to organisations in the increasingly competitive marketplace in which they operate. Several studies of the innovation management process in organisations have recently been undertaken. These throw light on why some organisations innovate successfully and others do not. This paper reviews several of these approaches to illustrate current methods and trends in the management of the innovation process. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]