Research Technology Management. Mar/Apr2015, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p7-8. 2p.
RAPID prototyping, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, AUTOMATION, and THREE-dimensional printing
The article offers information on the advent of fourth-dimensional (4D) printing, the convergence of smart materials and 3D printing technology, which has the ability to revolutionize automation. It is said that 4D technology can change not only how things get made but what they can do. Efforts of a team led by Anna C. Balazs, professor of chemical engineering in the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering, Pennsylvania, in this field is described.
The article refers to Cognitive Obstacles to Design Thinking. Topics discussed include design thinking offers a structured methodology for generating innovation that begins with ethnographic research to develop empathy and define user needs; suggestions of IDEO LLC founder David Kelley on design thinking approach that can generate disruptive breakthroughs; and Prototyping and Testing to generate low-fidelity prototypes that are fast, inexpensive, and simple manifestations of concepts.
OFFSHORE outsourcing, LEAN management, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, RESEARCH & development, NEW product development, FINANCIAL leverage, STRATEGIC alliances (Business), RAPID prototyping, COMMERCIAL product testing, and LABOR costs
A key to effective and efficient R&D is the ability to commercialize new products quickly and effectively while leveraging the advantages of global outsourcing. The growing role of global outsourcing in new product development (NPD) represents a paradigm shift that has had a large impact on innovation and commercialization. In this article the use of outside innovation and commercialization resources, from contract employees to short-run manufacturers, is explored. We synthesize our research into four areas where R&D managers can most effectively leverage outsourcing throughout the innovation continuum. Opportunities include developing strong strategic partnerships with outside vendors, using rapid prototyping resources to support agile development, using short-run manufacturers to test products and markets before building to volume, and using expert contractors to reduce fixed personnel costs. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]
Research Technology Management. Jul/Aug2015, Vol. 58 Issue 4, p36-43. 8p.
INNOVATIONS in business, CORPORATE sponsorship, TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, STRATEGIC planning, and PROTOTYPES
OVERVIEW: Radical innovation is an engine of growth, but identifying likely opportunities can be challenging. Building on previous work, this paper explores the use and importance of nine strategies for selecting early-stage opportunities in a sample of 94 firms. Four strategies -- building alternative visions, prototyping, using probe-and-learn methods, and mobilizing sponsorship and championship -- are used by more than half of the firms surveyed. Usage of all of the strategies is higher in innovating firms than in non-innovating firms, regardless of company size. This confirms the utility of these approaches for innovation managers seeking to enable radical innovation in their companies. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Research Technology Management. Nov/Dec2015, Vol. 58 Issue 6, p64-64. 1p.
TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, RAPID prototyping, PROSTHETICS, and ARTIFICIAL implants
The article focuses on the initiatives taken by biomedical engineer and industrial designer Jonathan Kuniholm, to spur innovation and research in the field of prosthetics. It states that Kuniholm and colleagues, started the Open Prosthetics Project, to provide a platform for stakeholders, patients, and researchers, to discuss about prosthetics. Kuniholm discusses the role played by Rapid prototyping and 3D manufacturing tools in enhancing user innovation.
Research Technology Management. May/Jun2013, Vol. 56 Issue 3, p64-66. 3p.
TECHNOLOGICAL innovations, INDUSTRIAL research, OPEN innovation, DIFFUSION of innovations, NEW product development, RAPID prototyping, THREE-dimensional printing, XBOX 360 (Video game console), and KINECT (Motion sensor)
The article considers user innovation, open innovation in which new products or services are developed by consumers. The contention of author Chris Anderson that technological innovations such as open-source software and three-dimensional printing mean that consumers can begin manufacturing the products they have designed rather than having open innovation serve as a form of contracting out of research and development is considered, The use of the Kinect camera function of the Xbox 360 video game console created by Microsoft Corp. as a three-dimensional camera for use in robotics reesearch used as an example.