International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing. Oct2014, Vol. 27 Issue 10, p901-918. 18p.
MEDICAL equipment industry, INNOVATIONS in business, MEDICAL instruments & apparatus manufacturing, RAPID prototyping, INDUSTRIAL design, and OPERATIVE surgery
Nowadays medical devices are a fast-growing industry. Advances in design, materials and technologies have increased the potential to find better solutions for those medical problems whose remedies were, up until now, unimaginable. A broad spectrum of new solutions is available ranging from new materials to new products, tools and procedures. Medical doctors have discovered how the latest advances in engineering support their work by making surgery or treatment processes easier than ever before. For this reason, medical devices are now a hot topic of industrial and academic interest in fields such as design, prototypes or manufacturing. This paper introduces a special issue with several medical device case studies, illustrating new developments in product design, material selection and prototype methods. In addition, the paper also reviews medical device development research and depicts some case studies to better explain the relationship between technology/engineering and medical devices. The paper contributes with some data on this combination of research fields. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Harvard Business Review. Jun2008, Vol. 86 Issue 6, p84-92. 9p. 7 Color Photographs, 1 Black and White Photograph, 2 Illustrations, 1 Diagram.
INNOVATIONS in business, CREATIVE ability in business, INDUSTRIAL design, WORK, BRAINSTORMING, ECONOMICS, DESIGNERS, SOCIAL aspects, PSYCHOLOGICAL aspects, and PSYCHOLOGY
In the past, design has most often occurred fairly far downstream in the development process and has focused on making new products aesthetically attractive or enhancing brand perception through smart, evocative advertising. Today, as innovation's terrain expands to encompass human-centered processes and services as well as products, companies are asking designers to create ideas rather than to simply dress them up. Brown, the CEO and president of the innovation and design firm IDEO, is a leading proponent of design thinking -- a method of meeting people's needs and desires in a technologically feasible and strategically viable way. In this article he offers several intriguing examples of the discipline at work. One involves a collaboration between frontline employees from health care provider Kaiser Permanente and Brown's firm to reengineer nursing-staff shift changes at four Kaiser hospitals. Close observation of actual shift changes, combined with brainstorming and rapid prototyping, produced new procedures and software that radically streamlined information exchange between shifts. The result was more time for nursing, better-informed patient care, and a happier nursing staff. Another involves the Japanese bicycle components manufacturer Shimano, which worked with IDEO to learn why 90% of American adults don't ride bikes. The interdisciplinary project team discovered that intimidating retail experiences, the complexity and cost of sophisticated bikes, and the danger of cycling on heavily trafficked roads had overshadowed people's happy memories of childhood biking. So the team created a brand concept -- "Coasting" -- to describe a whole new category of biking and developed new in-store retailing strategies, a public relations campaign to identify safe places to cycle, and a reference design to inspire designers at the companies that went on to manufacture Coasting bikes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]