Purpose - Aims to investigate medical rapid prototyping (medical RP) technology applications and methods based on reverse engineering (RE) and medical imaging data. Design/methodology/approach - Medical image processing and RE are applied to construct three-dimensional models of anatomical structures, from which custom-made (personalized) medical applications are developed. Findings - The investigated methods were successfully used for design and manufacturing of biomodels, surgical aid tools, implants, medical devices and surgical training models. More than 40 medical RP applications were implemented in Europe and Asia since 1999. Research limitations/implications - Medical RP is a multi-discipline area. It involves in many human resources and requires high skills and know-how in both engineering and medicine. In addition, medical RP applications are expensive, especially for low-income countries. These practically limit its benefits and applications in hospitals. Practical implications - In order to transfer medical RP into hospitals successfully, a good link and close collaboration between medical and engineering sites should be established. Moreover, new medical applications should be developed in the way that does not change the traditional approaches that medical doctors (MD) were trained, but provides solutions to improve the diagnosis and treatment quality. Originality/value - The presented state-of-the-art medical RP is applied for diagnosis and treatment in the following medical areas: cranio-maxillofacial and dental surgery, neurosurgery, orthopedics, orthosis and tissue engineering. The paper is useful for MD (radiologists and surgeons), biomedical and RP/CAD/CAM engineers. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Unterfrauner, Elisabeth, Shao, Jing, Hofer, Margit, and Fabian, Claudia M.
Business Strategy & the Environment (John Wiley & Sons, Inc). Dec2019, Vol. 28 Issue 8, p1518-1533. 16p. 2 Color Photographs, 4 Diagrams, 1 Chart.
ENVIRONMENTAL impact analysis, RAPID prototyping, SHARED workspaces, MAKERSPACES, VALUE chains, MAKER movement, and SOCIAL media
The aim of this paper is to explore the environmental value of the Maker movement, which is driving digital fabrication into the mainstream. Makers are inspiring each other to create smart solutions for all types of individual needs and address societal and environmental challenges at the same time. They share their creative ideas and solutions in collaborative work spaces and Maker Faires or on social media platforms. Is this grassroots innovation the beginning of the next industrial revolution? This paper will explore the environmental value and impact of makers' innovative business model and discuss on how to increase the circularity. At the same time, we will describe the role of maker communities and how to help to play a better role. In the framework of a case study analysis based on 10 different Maker initiatives across Europe, 39 interviews were conducted with makers and Maker initiatives managers evaluating core questions such as potential environmental value and impact, value chains, and energy efficient behaviours. This study is expected to contribute to building an explorative but yet empirically rooted analysis of the environmental value and impact of the Maker movement. Furthermore, the challenges in the future and the suggestions for policy makers are provided. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
TVB Europe. May2007, Vol. 16 Issue 5, p30-30. 1/4p.
NEW product development, RAPID prototyping, TELECOMMUNICATION systems, and BROADCASTING industry
The article reports developments related to broadcasting technology in Europe. PIayBox IP and ASI PlayBox Technology's DVB Series comprises a group of new products that addresses the needs of telecom's operations and satellite uplink centers for efficient high quality services for re-broadcast and NVoD clients. Norway's PSB NRK has selected automation provider Abit to supply a file-based workflow and streaming solution.
CONSORTIA, RAPID prototyping, and AUTOMOBILE industry
The article offers information about FlexRay, a new automotive network communications protocol developed by a consortium of companies in Europe. These include BMW Manufacturing Corp., Volkswagen AG, General Motors Corp. and DaimlerChrysler AG. Several of the prominent features of FlexRay are: high data rates, time triggered behavior and fault-tolerance. The 2006 BMW X5 is the first production vehicle with FlexRay.
TELECOMMUNICATION, RAPID prototyping, NEW product development, and MERGERS & acquisitions
The article reports on the development and launch of ultraviolet (UV) curable materials from DSM Desotech Inc. in Europe and North America. It is the world's leading supplier of UV materials in the telecommunication industry and rapid prototyping. The company also plans to expand their business through the development of initiatives and company acquisitions.
Reports on the agreement between Stanmore, England-based automobile manufacturer Grainger & Worrall and Sinter Cast of Stockholm, Sweden to provide compacted graphite iron powertrain components prototyping to the passenger car and commercial vehicle industry.
FIELD programmable gate arrays -- Design & construction and ELECTRONIC apparatus & appliances
Reports on the introduction of PlanAhead hierarchical floor-planner tool by Hier Design Inc. in response to the problems faced by field programmable gate arrays (FPGA) designers in Europe. Various problems faced by FPGA designers in the industry; Capabilities offered by the PlanAhead tool; Price of the product for a one-year, time-based license.
Rogers, Helen, Baricz, Norbert, and Pawar, Kulwant S.
International Journal of Physical Distribution & Logistics Management. 2016, Vol. 46 Issue 10, p886-907. 22p.
MANUFACTURING industries, SUPPLY chains, MARKETS, GLOCALIZATION, and THREE-dimensional printing
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify and classify the available types of 3D printing services, with the scope of determining the potential implications that such services could have on the supply chains of manufacturing firms and creating a research agenda for future studies.Design/methodology/approach The authors review the current literature on the potential supply chain impacts of 3D printing and evaluate the 3D printing services provided by 404 firms in selected European markets.Findings The results show that 3D printing services form a rapidly evolving industry, with new service providers entering the market on a regular basis. Evidence from the European markets investigated suggests that services can be classified into three distinct categories: generative, facilitative and selective services.Research limitations/implications This paper represents an attempt to take stock of a fast-moving and potentially paradigm-shifting market. The implications are dynamic as new applications, business models and techniques are continually being developed. Further studies are required to substantiate the findings.Practical implications Three categories of 3D printing services that could significantly impact supply chain configurations of the future are proposed. Several issues specific to 3D printing services raised in the research agenda require further scrutiny and substantiation before services can reach their full potential.Originality/value This paper provides an overview of the growing 3D printing services industry, highlighting how the market might change as additive manufacturing technology matures. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
MERGERS & acquisitions, RAPID prototyping, and CORPORATE growth
The article announces 3D Systems Corporation's acquisition of the business and assets of rapid prototyping and manufacturing service providers CEP and PROTOMETAL. The move was part of the firm's European expansion initiative for its 3Dproperts service. Abe Reichental, president and chief executive officer of 3D Systems, expressed pleasure over the acquisition of the two prototypers.
MARKETING strategy, COMPUTER software developers, COMPUTER software development, APPLICATION software, CUSTOMER relations, PROTOTYPES, and SYSTEMS migration
The article offers information on the Autodesk Preferred Industry Partner Program launched by Autodesk Inc. This new program, a global sales and marketing initiative, was created to recognize select third-party software developers for their innovative and industry-focused solutions. In North America and Europe, five software developers were given Preferred Industry Partner status. Products have been created by these inaugural partners that complement applications such as Autodesk Inventor, Revit and AutoCAD Civil three-dimensional (3D) software products, as well as add industry-, task- or region-specific functionality. For instance, hsbSOFT is a Preferred Industry Partner firm that helps their customers make the transition to 3D software and Digital Prototyping.
The article offers news briefs related to urethanes technology in Europe. Dow Polyurethanes & Systems has inaugurated its new formulation and prototyping development laboratory in Ribaforada, Spain. BASF SE has started operating its new 500 kilotonnes per annum (ktpa) nitric acid plant in Antwerp, Belgium. Apex Urethane Millwork is back to normal manufacturing operations and running at full capacity in May 12, 2008, following a fire that caused a $1.3 million in damage.
DISTRIBUTORS (Commerce), COMPUTER integrated manufacturing systems, ELECTRONIC industries, and ELECTRONICS
The article reports that Oxfordshire, England-based Saros Technology has been appointed as the exclusive distributor and representative in Europe for FishTail Design Automation Inc. The output of FishTail's Focus tool is a Synopsys Design Constraint file, which is ready to be used by a synthesis tool to turn the RTL into gates. It can also help virtual prototyping and place and route tools.
Official Board Markets. 5/23/2009, Vol. 85 Issue 21, p6-6. 2/3p.
PACKAGING design, SURVEYS, and TECHNICAL institutes
The article reports on the results of the survey conducted by EskoArtwork, Adobe Systems Inc., and International Packaging Institute (I.P.I.) to brand owners regarding the trends in packaging design in Europe. According to the survey, majority of brand owners said that prepress/repro work, creative surface design, and creative structural design were currently outsourced. Meanwhile, 50% of them expected an increase in the use of digital prototyping.
International Journal of Research in Marketing. Jun2007, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p97-111. 15p.
NEW product development -- Marketing, CONSUMER attitudes, PRODUCT acceptance, CONSUMER preferences, RAPID prototyping, RESEARCH & development, and MARKETING research
Abstract: The introduction of new products is widely recognized as one of the most important marketing activities of companies. Nevertheless, an intensive new product strategy is risky, as many new products fail in their first year. The purpose of this article is to increase our understanding of the factors affecting the first-year consumer acceptance of new products. To study this, we use two metrics of acceptance, viz., the first-year level of purchases and the first-year trend in purchases of new products at the level of the individual household. We develop hypotheses pertaining to the effect of product, competitive environment, and consumer factors on these two metrics of consumer acceptance. Our data comprise the sales in the first four quarters after introduction for 301 new CPGs launched in the U.K. (74 CPG introductions), France (104), Germany (67), and Spain (56), using Europanel household panels in each country, involving a total of over 16,000 households. The extensive data used in this study provide a strong test of the generalizability of the findings. The empirical results support the hypotheses and allow us to derive cross-national empirical generalizations, as well as to identify differences regarding factors underlying new product acceptance. Particularly noteworthy is that, across all four countries, acceptance of new products is systematically affected in the same way by consumer characteristics. This implies that these variables can be used for national, as well as for international, market segmentation. In addition to recommendations for pan-European segmentation strategies, the results allow us to make suggestions for the R&D process and local marketing activities. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
AUTOMOBILE industry, EXPERIMENTAL automobiles, and AUTOMOBILE engineers
The article reports that Renault SA is planning to become Europe's most profitable car manufacturer. An end to full scale prototyping will cut the level of investment required for each of the 26 new models due to be developed over the next three years under Commitment 2009. Senior vice president of vehicle engineering Michel Faivre-Duboz said that Commitment 2009 is a worldwide effort that would be shared by Samsung in South Korea. It will also be shared by a new engineering office at Dacia in Romania as well as the 9,000 engineers Renault employs in France.