Current Issues of Business & Law. 2011, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p129-140. 12p. 2 Diagrams.
CHILD labor, SUSTAINABLE development, TOTAL quality management, QUALITY control, INDUSTRIAL engineering, RAPID prototyping, PRODUCTION engineering, and GLOBAL warming
Sustainability is gaining more importance for industrial planning because such themes as global warming, child labour, and compliance with social and environmental standards have to be taken into account. Sustainability is characterised as a comprehensive examination of three dimensions (economy, ecology and social issues) as well as their long-term perspective. Adequate indicators and adaptation of quality methods and procedures are necessary to evaluate the sustainability of enterprise processes. A further challenge is consideration of sustainability effects coming from the usual manufacturing process structure of a value creation network, in particular from cross-enterprise cooperation and geographically distributed production. Modelling is a broadly accepted analytical instrument and planning tool. Today, modelling is mainly applied for engineering and physical science purposes and covers a short-time horizon compared to intergenerational justice. This article examines in the first place the currently available techniques related to sustainability and modelling of sustainability within enterprises and across organizations. Subsequently, it describes an approach to model sustainability from different perspectives of an enterprise. The result is that the cross-enterprise definition and managing of sometimes divergent goals across all sustainability dimensions (economic, environmental and social) is one of the biggest challenges. This means that the way of modelling and description of (sustainability) indicators and their cause-effect relationships with processes and process models have to be systematically and formally combined to measure the impact/effect on enterprise sustainability. Therefore, sustainability modelling is a requirement for enterprise quality. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]