MANUFACTURING industries, AUTOMATION, ECONOMICS, THREE-dimensional printing, and ROBOTICS in machining
The article discusses the fast growing global three-dimensional printing sector, and how India's manufacturing sector can capitalize on this growth as it produces the best engineers in the world. It states that India's 3D printer prototyping and materials is estimated to reach $79 million by 2021. It further states that according to Gian Paolo Bassi, chief executive officer at SolidWorks, Dassault Systemes, India needs smart technology through adoption of automation and robotics.
CURRICULA (Courses of study), DRESSMAKING instruction, DRESSMAKING patterns, DIGITAL technology, and VISUAL programming (Computer science)
The article reports on the decision of Tuka Academy of Pattern Engineering (TAPE), to include 3D design and digital prototyping for garment development classes to its curriculum in 2008. 3D prototyping of garment samples, visualization of a garment, and verification of its construction elements are becoming critical to reducing development stages and going to production more quickly. TAPE, based in India, was founded in 2006 by Tukatech to provide training to students of all types and economic backgrounds in the art of pattern making, to address the growing need for this skill in that country.
Purpose A spurt in the usage of additive manufacturing (AM) is observed in industrial applications to produce final parts along with rapid prototyping and rapid tooling. Despite the potential benefits of on-demand and on-location production of customised or complex shape parts, widespread implementation of this disruptive production technology is not yet visible. The purpose of this paper is to examine the various barriers to implement AM in the Indian automotive sector and analyse interrelations among them.Design/methodology/approach Based on the extant literature and discussions with industry experts, ten major barriers are identified. The authors use a modified Fuzzy interpretive structural modelling (Fuzzy-ISM) method to derive strengths of relationships among these barriers, develop hierarchical levels, and thereafter group and rank these barriers.Findings ISM diagraph is developed to demonstrate how the barriers drive one another. Production technology capabilities and government support emerge as the most critical factors, with high driving power and medium dependence.Research limitations/implications While identified barriers may be similar across the automotive industry, generalisation of results for interrelationships and ranks in other industries may be limited.Practical implications The findings may be useful to managers to develop suitable mitigation strategies, and take more informed decisions, with individual focus, level focus or cluster focus.Social implications Findings clearly establish that the role of management and government is crucial in mitigating workers’ resistance to AM implementation.Originality/value This paper contributes to AM literature by the structured presentation of the barriers to implement AM in the Indian automotive sector. It also extends the Fuzzy-ISM method by presenting calculation of indirect relations using the appropriate max-product composition and in ranking the barriers. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Harvard Business Review. Aug2003, Vol. 81 Issue 8, p46-54. 9p. 2 Color Photographs, 1 Graph.
ECONOMIC development, PUBLIC-private sector cooperation, BUSINESS partnerships, INTERNATIONAL business enterprises, BIG business, COMMUNITY development, NEW product development, INDUSTRIES & society, SOCIAL responsibility of business, and RURAL development
More than 100 miles from Bangalore, India, there's a rural area called Kuppam where one in three citizens is illiterate, more than half of the households have no electricity, and there's a high rate of AIDS. It's exactly this challenging atmosphere that prompted Hewlett-Packard to choose Kuppam as one of its first "i-communities" initiatives. Through the program, HP creates public-private partnerships to accelerate economic development through the application of technology while simultaneously opening new markets and developing new products and services. HP brings to these initiatives the management disciplines of a successful technology business. For example, it unearths customer needs using an iterative cycle that involves prototyping products and services and then closely observing residents' experiences with them. It fields a diversely talented team that brings many skills to the initiative, including deep technical ability, management acumen, and market knowledge. It takes a systems approach, simultaneously examining all the elements that must come together to create a working solution to a given problem. It establishes a "leading platform" on which other players-companies, nonprofits, and government agencies-can build technologies and applications. Practices like these help ensure that HP's investment yields real, sustainable results for the community in question. But HP also sees returns to its own business. In Kuppam, the company is discovering the need for (and developing) new products like a solar-powered digital camera, with printer, that fits in a backpack. By engaging the community and its leaders and working with them to design valuable new tools and capabilities, HP is gaining the knowledge it needs to be a stronger competitor in other developing regions. INSETS: An Hour in the Life of an Information Center;A Focus for Global Citizenship Efforts. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Business Today. 1/9/2011, Vol. 20 Issue 1, p168-169. 2p. 1 Color Photograph.
WIRELESS communications and ECONOMICS
The article offers a brief profile of Sean Blagsvedt, founder of babajob.com in Bangalore, India. It mentions that the three-year-old company provides online listings for job seekers in the country and plans on looking beyond the internet to mobile phones. It also cites Blagsvedt's job at his previous employer, Microsoft Corp.'s Research labs where he ran the Advanced Development and Prototyping Team.
DRONE aircraft, STEALTH aircraft, INDIA -- Armed Forces, AIRPLANE design, and VEHICLE design & construction
The article discusses the development of the Aura, a stealth unmanned combat air vehicle (Ucav) which is supported by the Indian air force (IAF). The article notes that the program has been given major project status by the IAF, meaning that it will move into the prototyping phase during 2013. The article also looks at countries which could join the program, the decision to keep the program classified, and the development of software by the Indian Institute of Technology.
INFORMATION technology, PASSWORDS (Computers), MEETINGS, PROTOTYPES, and SPEECH
The article reports on happenings in IT industry. New user swears a user knows her password but can't log in. Turns out she watched other people log in and could only see stars, so that's what she tried over and over. A much bigger outfit buys pilot fish's company. He figures it's a great new opportunity--until the new boss speaks at an all-hands meeting. Most of the speech was about how they were going to streamline the company to make it more competitive. At the end of his speech, he casually mentioned how they only have five stateside developers doing prototyping work, and everything else is sent to India.