COMPUTER software, PROTOTYPES, TESTING, COMPUTER simulation, and DESIGN
A prototyping and simulation tool that supports the development of distributed programs is described. This tool, called Jems, forms a part of Jade, a distributed software prototyping environment. The Jade environment provides tools for the design, implementation, debugging, testing, maintenance, and performance analysis of distributed, concurrent programs. Novel features of Jade include the support of: multi-lingual distributed programs; flexible monitoring of inter-process communication; multiple views into executing programs via a window system; graphical animation of executing programs; and the prototyping of distributed software. This paper presents an overview of the Jade environment, describes the distributed software prototyping tool, and outlines the status of the project. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Hosseini, Seyed Mohsen, Agha-Mirsalim, Mojtaba, and Mirzaei, Mehran
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics. Jan2008 Part 1 of 2, Vol. 44 Issue 1, p75-80. 6p. 2 Black and White Photographs, 6 Diagrams, 4 Charts, 5 Graphs.
FINITE element method, MAGNETS, FERROMAGNETIC materials, PROPERTIES of matter, and ELECTRICAL engineering
This paper presents the design, prototyping, and analysis of a relatively small and cheap axial-flux three-phase coreless permanent- magnet generator. The excitation of the machine is done by rectangular flat shaped neodymium-iron-boron magnets. A two-dimensional model of the machine is analyzed with finite-element software to obtain the machine parameters. One special feature of the constructed generator is in the design and prototyping of nonferromagnetic holders to counteract centrifugal forces acting on magnets, especially at high speeds. By implementing the nonferromagnetic holders, one can expect to construct high-speed axial-flux permanent-magnet generators at low cost. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics & Business Administration Working Paper Series. 2012, Issue 85, p3-26. 24p. 4 Charts, 1 Graph.
NEW product development, RAPID prototyping, STRATEGIC planning, ECONOMETRICS, and FACTORIES
Investments in design play a potentially significant role in new product development (NPD) although there is little unanimity on the most appropriate or effective design strategy. Previous case-study based studies have identified three alternative design strategies for NPD: design used as a functional specialism, design used as part of a multi-functional team and designer-led NPD. Using data on a sample of Irish manufacturing plants over three periods we are able to examine the effectiveness of each of these three design strategies for NPD novelty and success. Our analysis suggests that design is closely associated with success in NPD performance regardless of the type of strategy pursued. Adopting designer-led NPD, however, is associated with a much greater NPD performance than more functionally-oriented strategies. The effects of design on NPD outcomes are also strongly moderated by other plant characteristics. For example, the beneficial role of design on NPD outputs is only evident for plants which also engage in R&D. Also, while both small and larger plants do gain from using design as a functional specialism and as part of multi-functional teams, the additional benefits of design-leadership in the NPD process are only evident in larger plants. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
FINITE element method, SIMULATION methods & models, RESEARCH, PRODUCT design, ORTHOPEDIC braces, ORTHOPEDIC apparatus, SCOLIOSIS treatment, BIOLOGICAL models, COMPARATIVE studies, COMPUTER simulation, KINEMATICS, RESEARCH methodology, MEDICAL cooperation, PELVIS, RIBS (Anatomy), SCOLIOSIS, SPINE, and EVALUATION research
Based on a three-dimensional patient-specific finite element model of the spine, rib cage, pelvis and abdomen, a parametric model of a thoraco-lumbo-sacral orthosis (TLSO) was built. Its geometry is custom-fit to the patient. The rigid shell, pads and openings are all represented. The interaction between the trunk and the brace is modeled by a point-to-surface contact interface. During the nonlinear simulation process, the brace is opened, positioned on the patient and strap tension is applied. A TLSO similar to Boston brace system was built for a right-thoracic scoliotic patient. The influences of the trochanter pad and strap tension on the 3-D geometrical corrections and on the forces generated by the brace were evaluated. The role of the trochanter pad as a lever arm is confirmed by the model. The brace induces a reduction of the lordosis and pelvic tilt. The reduction of the frontal curvature is about 20% for a strap tension of 60 N. Axial rotation does not significantly change and rib hump is worsened. By using an explicit brace model and a contact interface, a more realistic simulation of orthotic treatment of scoliosis can be achieved. The stabilization of the brace on the patient can be represented and less restrictive boundary conditions can be applied. This model could be used to study the effect of design parameters on the brace efficiency. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
RAPID prototyping, MARKETING, DESIGN, and DESIGN equipment
The article presents several perspectives in response to Jonathan Ive's blame of the rise of rapid prototyping for distancing designers from the physical process of design and the creation of lousy designs. It cites the two comments regarding the confirmation the Ive's judgment was right. Meanwhile, another comment provides the ingredients to assure a lousy design solution. Moreover, other comment relates the importance of the knowledge of materials and processes for designs.
Examines the speeds and performance of printed circuit board designs to determine the viability of the hardware prototyping approach. Information on the hardware prototyping approach; Description of a virtual prototyping; Details on floorplanners design tools.
COMPUTER software, APPLICATION-specific integrated circuits, and DESIGN
Introduces Certify 2.1, a register-transfer level (RTL) application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) software developed by Synplicity Inc. Functions of the software; Advantages over other prototyping and emulation systems; Price.
Electronic Engineering Times (01921541). 5/27/96, Issue 903, p30. 2p. 1 Color Photograph, 1 Diagram, 1 Chart.
AUTOMATION, ELECTRONICS, VIRTUAL reality, and DESIGN
Offers the author's views regarding the fundamental shift in electronic design methodology toward virtual prototyping, to be aired at the 1996 Design Automation Conference in Las Vegas. Silicon problem; Electronic-system-level (ESL) virtual prototype; Silicon virtual prototype; Personal computer-board problem.
POWER resources, MICROELECTRONICS, FIELD programmable gate arrays, APPLICATION-specific integrated circuits, BOUNDARY scan testing, ELECTRIC potential, and DESIGN
The article looks at how designers can maximize the benefits of converting field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) to application specific integrated circuits (ASICs). It stresses the importance of designing the power-supply scheme for the FPGA core supplies in such a way that they can later be easily changed to another voltage. Boundary-scan-test dependencies can also yield cost savings. It also mentions the importance of timing budgets for the device operating in the system. It offers guidelines on configuration and start-up.
Information Systems Research. Mar1999, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p38-69. 32p. 2 Diagrams, 2 Charts.
SOCIAL change, RAPID prototyping, COLONIES, HOMEOSTASIS, and PUNCTUATED equilibrium (Biological evolution)
Colonial systems are presented as an alternative to the mechanistic and organic systems paradigms. They are based upon the inclusion of an evolutionary social history (Ernst Mayr), species-level evolution (Eldredge and Gould), and local context (Martin Heidegger) as central premises in the definition of human systems. The colonial viewpoint of systems is differentiated from the mechanistic and organic models by ten different axioms that define how systems operate during both homeostasis (stability) and radical change. From the axiomatic descriptions of colonial systems, the method of punctuated prototyping is derived to clarify how local colonies survive and prosper by creating and adopting isolated prototypes. This change mechanism (1) requires the self-awareness to recognize the necessity for change, and (2) describes the empowerment necessary for the colonists to build and adopt successful prototypes. The colonial systems model can be applied to explanations about how information systems, organizations, and social institutions change. Further, colonies can be used as a metaphor to design new human systems that capture a greater degree of humanness than do the models of machines and organisms. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Evaluates a number of computer software packages which improve modeling, simulation and rapid prototyping, with emphasis on Matrix, a mulifaceted software package from Integrated Systems company of Sunnyvale, California. Features of Matrix; Identification of the software packages which are compatible with Matrix; How the applications work; Contact number for further information.
ORGANIZATIONAL change, BUSINESS models, INDUSTRIAL management, STAKEHOLDER theory, CONCEPT engineering, and DESIGN
Ever since it became clear that smart design led to the success of many products, companies have been employing it in other areas, from customer experiences, to strategy, to business ecosystems. But as design is used in increasingly complex contexts, a new hurdle has emerged: gaining acceptance of the “designed artifact” into the status quo. In fact, the more innovative a new design is, the more resistance it’s likely to meet. The solution, say the CEO of IDEO and the Rotman School’s former dean, is to also apply design thinking to the introduction of the innovation itself. This process, intervention design, grew organically out of the iterative prototyping that designers did to help understand customers’ reactions to new products. Not only did iterative prototyping create better offerings, but it was a great way to get organizational funding and commitment, because it improved the chances of success and reduced fear of the unknown. Intervention design uses iterative prototyping to get buy-in too, but extends it to interactions with all the principal stakeholders—not just customers. When Intercorp Group devised a revolutionary concept for Peru’s schools, it needed to win acceptance for corporate-run education and for a very different role for teachers. Thanks to intervention design, it now has 29 schools in operation and is rapidly growing. INSETS: Idea in Brief.;The Launch Is Just One Step in the Process.. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]