TECHNOLOGY, RAPID prototyping, ENGINEERING design, MANUFACTURES, COLLEGE campuses, UNDERWATER pipelines, and OCEAN engineering
The article reports on the launch of Baker Hughes' Subsea Centre of Excellence (CoE) in Montrose on the northeast coast of Scotland in June 2019 to leverage the best of industry innovation, engineering, manufacturing, test and assembly facilities in the world. It mentions that upgraded and expanded CoE created to encourage product innovation on a new scale.
The article focuses on enhancement of advanced freeform optics by using subaperture stitching. Topics include advancement in freeform fabrication technology with improved diamond turning, grinding, and polishing machines; information on profilometry which is a cost-effective technique for measuring aspheric shapes; and an information that subaperture stitching lacks the ghosting and other diffraction artifacts in a computer-generated hologram that can corrupt mid-spatial frequency estimates.
This article reports that rapid prototyping has evolved from a relatively simple modeling technique that allows design engineers to "test" their ideas in three dimensions to a sophisticated custom-manufacturing tool that may one day find its place alongside the copy machines at the local copy center or in the parts department at the local automobile dealership. Direct metal deposition is a laser-melting process that uses a powder nozzle to deposit metal powder onto existing tools to build the components layer by layer. While the last few years have seen the development of new rapid-prototyping technologies and processes that overcome the geometry problem, the available materials have not had adequate properties to enable them to build production-quality parts. INSET: High-power lasers enable metal-powder prototyping.
RAPID prototyping, SOLID freeform fabrication, SUBMILLIMETER waves, PAPER, and DIFFRACTIVE optical elements
The article discusses the experimental research by researchers at the Warsaw University of Technology of warsaw, Poland and the University of Savoie of Le Bourget du Lac, France on the problems of fabrication process for rapid prototyping. It develops binary phased-based diffracted lenses from a commercially purchased paper to address the fabrication process problem. It suggests that nonparaxial paper diffractive lens with terahertz radiation for quick prototyping.
COMPUTER software, RAPID prototyping, LIGHTING, ENERGY consumption, and OPTICS
The article offers information on software tools that design freeform optics for illumination. Topics discussed include newly developed tools integrated with commercial illumination software quickly create freeform reflective and refractive surfaces, freeform optics tailor resulting illumination pattern to meet system requirements such as enhance the visual appeal and improve energy efficiency.
SHIPBUILDING industry, RAPID prototyping, MANUFACTURING processes, POLYSTYRENE, and NAVAL architecture
The article focuses on the areas in shipbuilding industry which are in transitional state. It mentions the move of several companies to switch in rapid prototyping in order to design their master models for casting. It notes the shift in the manufacturing process which depicts the use of resin models. It cites the change in design of the master model as polystyrene and metal were the media choice among master maker.
RAPID prototyping, LIGHTING, LIGHT emitting diodes, and ELECTROLUMINESCENT devices
The article offers information on the use of freeform optics as a light collectors and uniformizers for spotlight and directional-floodlight general-illumination light emitting diodes (LEDs). An LED freeform illumination lens-design approach developed by researchers at the University of Arizona is mentioned. It states that the goal of a good freeform optical design for LED floodlighting is to obtain good intensity uniformity throughout the floodlit area.
RAPID prototyping, ELLIPSOIDS, AUTOMOBILE lighting, STREET lighting, ANTENNAS (Electronics), and LIGHT emitting diodes
The article focuses on designing freeform surfaces, which are used for illumination applications such as headlights, streetlights, and antennas. It says that illumination systems using freeform surfaces may result to compact systems with long lifetime, low power consumption, and high system efficiency, if combined with light-emitting diodes (LEDs). It highlights the dominant surface construction methods such as flux mapping method and the method of supporting ellipsoids.
MILITARY electronics industry, RAPID prototyping, PROTOTYPES, ELECTRONIC industries, DEFENSE industries, COMMERCIAL products, and NEW product development
Features various products for military electronic industry in the U.S. Purpose of the six module, multifunction and single slot compact PCI, manufactured by North Atlantic Industries; Performance of the upgraded dual-processor PowerPC card, manufactured by Radstone Technology PLC; Applications of the Sentry system, manufactured by Elma Electronic Inc.
Deals with the strategic planning that increases optical prototyping efficiency. Research of the Center for High Tech Materials at the University of New Mexico; Design of the lens; Significance of a strong line of communication.
The article focuses on 3-Dimensional Services Group, a company that designs, engineers, and build functional prototype parts and low- to medium-volume production parts. It says that the company is aimed to make traditional energy-intensive lighting technologies obsolete using a line of light emitting diode (LED) architectural lighting products. It mentions that the company is consists of 3-Dimensional Services, Urgent Plastic Services, and Urgent Design and Manufacturing.
MANUFACTURING processes, RAPID prototyping, SINTERING, SINTER (Metallurgy), and INDUSTRIAL lasers
The article discusses the use of laser sintering technique in rapid prototyping of products. It highlights the reasons for adopting laser sintering in product development which include the need to customize products and the production of high volume. Details of using laser sintering technologies by some companies are also provided.
RAPID prototyping, MALIBU automobile, LASER sintering, STEREOLITHOGRAPHY, and INTERIOR decoration
The article discusses update of the Chevrolet Malibu automobile's interior and exterior design for 2014. It reports on selective laser sintering and stereolithography processes to enhance the Malibu's development and evaluation. It also discusses the rapid prototyping to create prototype of Malibu's redesigned front fascia, update the center stack and evaluate various surface treatment for center track.
RAPID prototyping, AUTOMOBILE axles, and AUTOMOBILE oil filters
The article offers information on the transfer case oil flow testing system for axle design for cars and light trucks from 3-Dimensional Services Group. It discusses the test conducted by the company, wherein it created a master pattern with the use of laser based stereolithography (SLA). The plastic transfer case prototype allows customers to clearly view flow of oil within the prototype. Statements from senior sales engineer Scott Duffie on the analysis of the prototype are included.
Reports that applications engineers at GSI Lumonics Inc. have developed a software that allows users to create simple, virtual prototypes from the company's line of galvanometers and resonant scanners. Selection of a starting configuration by defining the scanner/mirror combination or application of interest; Graphical depiction of the performance results.
Laser Focus World. Jul99, Vol. 35 Issue 7, p28. 3p. 1 Black and White Photograph.
Reports on the microstereophotolitography process of producing micron-sized mechanical parts developed by Chris Chatwin and colleagues at the University of Sussex in Brighton, England. How the process works; Comparison with stereolithography processes; Equipment used in the process.
Laser Focus World. Dec2003, Vol. 39 Issue 12, p59-60. 2p. 1 Color Photograph, 1 Black and White Photograph, 1 Graph.
COMPUTER software, PROTOTYPES, ENGINEERING, OPTICS, LIGHT sources, and OPTOELECTRONICS
Explores the use of modern optical engineering software to simplify virtual prototyping. Advantages and disadvantages of optical-design software; Overview of the virtual prototyping process; Creation of the light-source model.
The article offers information on a parallel projection galvanometer scanning (PPGS) technique developed at Wenzhou University in Wenzhou, China, which enables laser materials processing on freeform surfaces. It states that three dimensional (3D) galvanometer scanning system was designed to address the challenges of handling laser materials processing. It adds that PPG method does not require the use of expensive robots or five-axis machine tools.