Pan, Ling, Ma, Rui, Wu, Yue, Feng, Li, Song, Ya-shan, Ye, Xu-dong, Zhang, Ying-hua, Yang, Zhen-hua, and Liao, Yun-hua
Nephrology. Nov 2015, Vol. 20 Issue 11, p807, 7 p.
Chronic kidney failure, Minorities, Prevalence studies (Epidemiology), and Hypertension
Byline: Ling Pan, Rui Ma, Yue Wu, Li Feng, Ya-shan Song, Xu-dong Ye, Ying-hua Zhang, Zhen-hua Yang, Yun-hua Liao Keywords: China; chronic kidney disease; prevalence; risk factors; rural minority area Abstract Aim Numerous studies have examined and reported a high prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population in various countries including China. However, the situation may be different in undeveloped rural minority regions in China because of China's economic diversity. The aim of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of CKD and to analyze its associated factors in a Zhuang ethnic minority area in Southwest China. Methods A cross-sectional survey of a rural minority area populated by people of Zhuang ethnicity in Southwest China using multistage, cluster random sampling methods was performed. The prevalence of indicators of kidney damage and CKD were calculated and risk factors associated with the presence of CKD were analyzed. Results In total, 7588 people participated in the study. After adjustment for age and gender, the prevalence of albuminuria, haematuria and reduced estimated glomerular filtration rate were 2.7%, 3.7%, and 2.2%, respectively. After adjustment for age and gender, the prevalence of CKD was 8.3%, while recognition of the disease was 3.6%. Independent risk factors associated with CKD were age, gender, and hypertension. Risk factors independently associated with kidney damage were age, gender, hyperuricaemia, and hypertension. Conclusion Our data exhibited a lower prevalence and awareness of CKD in undeveloped rural minority regions, especially exhibited a low prevalence of albuminuria. This result attributed to the low prevalence of metabolic disorders in the local region. Risk factors associated with CKD in our study is similar to surveys in other regions of China. Article Note: These authors contributed equally to this work.
Ye, Xiang-Yun, Luo, Qing-Quan, Xu, Yun-Hua, Tang, Nai-Wang, Niu, Xiao-Min, Li, Zi-Ming, Shen, Sheng-Ping, Lu, Shun, and Chen, Zhi-Wei
Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine. March 2015, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p651, 13 p.
Company growth and Adenocarcinoma -- Analysis
Byline: , , Yun-Hua Xu, Nai-Wang Tang, Xiao-Min Niu, Zi-Ming Li, Sheng-Ping Shen, Shun Lu, Zhi-Wei Chen Keywords: 17-AAG; lung adenocarcinoma; growth; invasion; LATS1 Abstract The large tumour suppressor 1 (LATS1) signalling network has been proved to be an essential regulator within the cell, participating in multiple cellular phenotypes. However, it is unclear concerning the clinical significance of LATS1 and the regulatory mechanisms of 17-Allylamino-17- demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) in lung adenocarcinoma (LAC). The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation of LATS1 and yes-associated protein (YAP) expression with clinicopathological characteristics in LAC patients, and the effects of 17-AAG on biological behaviours of LAC cells. Subcutaneous LAC tumour models were further established to observe the tumour growth in nude mice. The results showed that the positive expression of LATS1 was significantly lowered (26.7% versus 68.0%, P < 0.001), while that of YAP was elevated (76.0% versus 56.0%, P = 0.03) in LAC tissues compared to the adjacent non-cancerous tissues; LAST1 expression was negatively correlated with YAP expression (r = 0.432, P < 0.001) and lymphatic invasion of the tumour (P = 0.015). In addition, 17-AAG inhibited proliferation and invasion, and induced cell apoptosis and cycle arrest in LAC cells together with increased expression of E-cadherin and p-LATS1, and decreased expression of YAP and connective tissue growth factor. Tumour volumes and weight were much smaller in 17-AAG-treated groups than those in untreated group (P < 0.01). Taken together, our findings indicate that decreased expression of LATS1 is associated with lymphatic invasion of LAC, and 17-AAG suppresses growth and invasion of LAC cells via regulation of the LATS1/YAP pathway in vitro and in vivo, suggesting that we may provide a promising therapeutic strategy for the treatment of human LAC. Article Note: Both authors contributed equally to this article. CAPTION(S): Table S1 Clinicopathological data of LAC patients.
Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology. May 2002, Vol. 101 Issue 2, p113, 17 p.
Enzymes exhibit high selectivity and reactivity under normal conditions but are sensitive to denaturation or inactivation by pH and temperature extremes, organic solvents, and detergents. To extend the use of these biocatalysts for practical applications, the technology of immobilization of enzymes on suitable supports was developed. Recently, these immobilized biomolecules have been widely used and a variety of immobilization supports have been studied. The majority of these supports cover diverse kinds of materials such as natural or synthetic polyhydroxylic matrives, porous in organic carriers, and all kinds of functional polymers. Microporous molecular sieve, zeolite, has attracted extensive interest in research because of its distinctive physical properties and geochemistry. Recently, with the discovery of a new family of mesoporous molecular sieves, MCM-41, this series of materials shows great potential for various applications. Molecular sieves involve such a series of materials that can discriminate between molecules, particularly on the basis of size. As support materials, they offer interesting properties, such as high surface areas, hydrophobic or hydrophilic behavior, and electrostatic interaction, as well as mechanical and chemical resistance, making them attractive for enzyme immobilization. In this article, different types of molecular sieves used in different immobilization methods including physical adsorption on zeolite, entrapment in mesoporous and macroporous MCM series, as well as chemically covalent binding to functionalized molecular sieves are reviewed. Key factors affecting the application of this biotechnology are discussed systematically, and immobilization mechanisms combined with newly developed techniques to elucidate the interactions between matrixes and enzyme molecules are also introduced.