Mandigo, James, Holt, Nicholas, Anderson, Andy, and Sheppard, Joanna
European Physical Education Review, v14 n3 p407-425 Oct 2008. 19 pp.
Student Motivation, Games, Personal Autonomy, Gender Differences, Physical Education, Self Determination, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Competence, Factor Analysis, and Canada
The objectives of this study were (a) to examine students' motivational experiences arising from their participation in games lessons based on autonomy-supportive strategies; and (b) to examine the interaction between boys' and girls' motivational experiences across different categories of games. A total of 759 students (380 F, 379 M) from 37 classes (grades four to seven) were taught a lesson from one of four game categories (i.e. target, net/wall, batting/fielding, invasion) using autonomy-supportive techniques. Following the lessons children completed various measures to assess their motivational experiences. Significant between-subject differences did emerge for both gender and games category. Girls reported higher levels of optimal challenge, perceived autonomy-support, and enjoyment whereas boys reported higher levels of perceived competence. For the games category, participants reported higher levels of self-determined motivation in net/wall games whereas invasion games received the lowest motivational ratings of the four games categories. (Contains 4 tables and 1 note.)
Economics, Economic development, Economic sectors, Economic systems, and Well-being
Disarticulation refers to the juxtaposition of economic sectors with different levels of development and productivity. Disarticulation is hypothesized to have a negative effect on social well-being, net of economic development, because it inhibits the spread effects generally thought to be associated with economic growth. Findings are in accord with this hypothesis, although the relationship is complex. The strongest effects of disarticulation are found among the poorest nations. The concept of disarticulation opens a new and promising avenue of research that may help to resolve contradictory findings of recent research on the political economy of growth. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Waste management, Hazardous substances, Demographic surveys, Environmental risk assessment, Demographic transition, Environmental sociology, Racism, Role playing, and Social groups
This article discusses he concept of "environmental equity" which assessing demographics concerning the treatment, storage and disposal of hazardous wastes (TSDF). Recent evidence of environmental inequity comes from a variety of studies showing that environmental risks, known or potential, are distributed differently across demographic groups. There are two major issues of debate in this context: first, the environmental racism and second, regarding TSDF. The often heated debate concerning TSDF has focused on inequity and on the potentially discriminatory nature of facility locations. Although inequitable distributions are not conclusive evidence of intentional prejudice, it is desirable to understand and document the distribution of facilities and the precise nature of any inequity across social groups, which is the main concern of this article. The first step in a geographic analysis is suggested to determine the appropriate area to be used as a unit of analysis. It is suggested that the judgment of equity then rests on prejudice and undue risk or harm. Demographic studies, however, play a critical role in assessing the equitable distribution of such facilities and evaluating prejudicial exposure to potential harm or benefit.
In this Cross Talk, Mark Blaauw-Hara, the author of "Mapping the Frontier: A Survey of Twenty Years of Grammar Articles in 'TETYC,'" and one of the manuscript's reviewers, Andy Anderson, engage in a brief conversation about the essay, its content, and the processes of writing, reviewing, and revising. This article is presented in three sections: (1) Andy Anderson's reviewer comments on Mark Blaauw-Hara's manuscript; (2) Mark Blaauw-Hara's response to Andy Anderson; and (3) Andy Anderson's response to Mark Blaauw-Hara.
Teaching Elementary Physical Education, v14 n1 p8-11 Jan 2003.
Elementary Education, Games, Physical Education, Teacher Effectiveness, and Teaching Methods
Presents a series of progressive activities intended to demonstrate to teachers how to incorporate four pedagogical principles (sampling, representation, exaggeration, and tactical complexity) in developing net/wall games and activities that enhance student learning within a teaching games for understanding framework. These principles enable instructors to generate activities reflecting the overall structure of the net/wall games category and offer students a framework of solutions to tactical problems. (SM)
Class Activities, Constructivism (Learning), Elementary Secondary Education, Physical Education, Teacher Student Relationship, Teaching Methods, and Thinking Skills
Explores the significance of engagement as a stance toward teaching and learning, noting how engagement can affect the way teachers and students interact in physical education settings and surrounding environments and presenting activities to encourage engagement (develop performance routines, say and switch, roundtable brainstorm, bubble gum cards, sculptures, graffiti wall, museum artifacts, family physical activity tree, exploring social issues, goal setting, photo voice, and readers/writers theater). (SM)
Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, v68 n3 p42-49 Mar 1997.
Basic Skills, Elementary School Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluation Criteria, Evaluation Methods, Foreign Countries, Motor Development, Physical Education, Psychomotor Objectives, Psychomotor Skills, Running, Secondary School Students, Skill Development, Specifications, Student Evaluation, and Canada
Researchers examined procedures for collecting data on students' competency in two fundamental motor skills, criteria for assessing skill proficiency, and results across several grades. They task-analyzed videotapes of students' performance and determined that most students did not meet criterion expectations associated with an advanced form for the skills. (SM)
Journal of Health Education, v25 n1 p4-9 Jan-Feb 1994.
Adjustment (to Environment), Adolescents, Coping, Health Education, Peer Influence, Program Descriptions, Resistance to Temptation, Secondary Education, Secondary School Students, Stress Management, and Student Attitudes
Describes a three-phase stress inoculation program for health educators teaching adolescents. The program focuses on students actively interpreting and reshaping their perceptions of stress and students' ability to cope with and confront peer pressure situations. The article presents considerations for using stress inoculation in grades 7-12 health education. (SM)
Economic development, Regression analysis, Fertility decline, Infant mortality, Birth control, and Developing countries
The article examines the role of economic disarticulation on fertility levels in less developed countries. The present analysis in the article extends the tradition of research by arguing that the degree of disarticulation provides theoretically more powerful and empirically more accurate way to operationalize the hypothesized distributional effects on fertility levels. Several sets of variables, including child and infant mortality levels, rational cost-benefit calculations at the family level, and female status have been shown to affect fertility rates. Economic disarticulation provides a theoretically more powerful and empirically more accurate way to operationalize the relationship between economic growth and fertility rates in less developed countries. The article shows that disarticulation is indeed a significant predictor of fertility rates, holding constant the level of development and controlling for previous levels of fertility. The article also presents regression analysis of the total fertility and family planning.