Continental Congress -- Powers and duties, Continental Congress -- Rites, ceremonies and celebrations, American Revolution, 1775-1783 -- Rites, ceremonies and celebrations, United States history -- Revolution, 1775-1783, United States history -- Rites, ceremonies and celebrations, and Declaration of Independence (Declaration) -- Rites, ceremonies and celebrations
Lead If the 16-month-old Revolutionary War didn't give the British an inkling that the American colonies were unhappy, the Declaration of Independence certainly did. Drafted by a committee [...]
Communication Quarterly. Nov/Dec2019, Vol. 67 Issue 5, p560-583. 24p.
Cold War, 1945-1991, International organization, Post-Cold War Period, Inventions, and Responsibility
A mere three months after the peaceful Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia, and less than a year after his last imprisonment under the communist regime, playwright-turned-president Václav Havel stood before a joint session of U.S. Congress in February of 1990. In his address, Havel marked, for his American audience, the new freedoms being established at home. More than just a victory lap, however, Havel's visit articulated the importance of the invention of post-communism, as the end of the Cold War had to be constructed for his global audience. Havel's version of invention in the speech used temporality and embodiment as key rhetorical materials—as he emphasized the opportune moment of the end of the Cold War, he also embodied the higher moral sense of responsibility and democratic civic culture that he believed the moment called for. However, this inventive process was understood differently by his American, European, and Czech audiences, and his attempts to transcend Cold War frames were highly contested. Havel thus became a complex symbol of the transition between the Cold War and the post-Cold War, which showed the tensions around the implementation of a "new world order." [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Gatekeeping, Polarization (Social sciences), Political doctrines, Mass media, Television broadcasting of news, and Cable television networks
Today's news media environment incentivizes gatekeeping practices that lead to a bias toward content containing partisan conflict and ideological extremity. Using a content analysis of 46,218 cable and broadcast television news transcripts from the 109th through 112th Congresses, we examined the frequency with which members of Congress appeared on cable and broadcast news. When we modelled on-air statements by members of Congress as a function of legislator and institutional characteristics, we revealed a gatekeeping function that vastly overrepresents extreme partisans on both sides of the aisle. The effect is largely consistent for network and cable outlets alike, suggesting that gatekeeping processes under both market and advocacy models bias content towards the extreme and conflictual. This finding is particularly important in light of recent evidence linking media-driven misperceptions about polarization to partisan-ideological sorting and negative political affect in the electorate. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Only five presidential messages led to formally declared wars in the history of the USA. While attempting to shed some light on the role of discourse in the origins of armed conflicts, the contribution explores a selection of textual aspects of war discourse on the basis of President Woodrow Wilson's Address to Congress Requesting a Declaration of War Against Germany. The address is analysed in the context of the remaining four presidential messages delivered before the formally declared wars by J. Madison, J. Polk, W. McKinley and F. D. Roosevelt. The first section of the paper gives a short description of the relevant theoretical foundations of the analysis. In the second section the methodological underpinnings of the analysis are established (Fairclough, 1992; Chruszczewski, 2002). The problematic of readability of texts is introduced and it is followed by the introduction of the typology of arguments devised by Chruszczewski (2003). In the third section the analysis of the presidential speech is preceded by a brief overview of Wilson's presidency. Following the presentation of the results of the readability test, the structure of a general model of argument development is presented and the results of the analysis are discussed with focus on the semantic content of Wilson's Address as well as on the reasons for the continual increase in the readability of the five consecutive presidential war messages. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly. Sep2018, Vol. 95 Issue 3, p670-690. 21p.
Political communication, Polarization (Social sciences), Gatekeeping, Press & politics, Reporters & reporting, Radicals -- United States, and Gatekeepers
Does the news media cover ideological extremists more than moderates? We combine a measure of members of Congress' ideological extremity with a content analysis of how often lawmakers appear in the New York Times from the 103rd to the 112th Congresses and on CBS and NBC's evening newscasts in the 112th Congress. We show that ideological extremity is positively related to political news coverage for members of the House of Representatives. Generally, ideological extremity is not related to the likelihood of coverage for senators. Finally, we show that extreme Republicans are more likely to earn media attention than extreme Democrats. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
United States. Congress -- Political activity, United States. Government Accountability Office -- Political activity, Computational linguistics -- Political aspects, Natural language interfaces -- Political aspects, and Language processing -- Political aspects
It's no secret that the U.S. Congress has been dysfunctional for some time. The hallmarks of dysfunction will be familiar to anyone working within a large organization: * [...]
The Humanist. March-April, 2020, Vol. 80 Issue 2, p20, 4 p.
Government regulation, United States. Congress -- Political activity, United States. Congress -- Laws, regulations and rules, International Humanist and Ethical Union -- Political activity, International Humanist and Ethical Union -- Political aspects, Pew Research Center -- Political activity, Pew Research Center -- Political aspects, Humanists -- Political activity, Humanists -- Laws, regulations and rules, Humanists -- Civil rights, Humanists -- Political aspects, Violence -- Laws, regulations and rules, Violence -- Political aspects, Blasphemy -- Laws, regulations and rules, Blasphemy -- Political aspects, Civil rights -- Africa, Civil rights -- Bangladesh, Civil rights -- Laws, regulations and rules, and Civil rights -- Political aspects
On January 28, 2020, the testimony Of Rafida Bonya Ahmed, a humanist activist and author, was presented before the United States House of Representatives in a joint hearing on 'Ending [...]