TELECOMMUNICATION, CANCER, PRIMARY care, ELECTRONIC health records, and MEDICAL personnel
Previous research has identified communication and care coordination problems for patients with cancer. Healthcare providers (HCPs) have reported communication issues due to the incompatibility of electronic medical records (EMR) software and not being consistently copied on patient reports. We evaluated an asynchronous web-based communication system ("eOncoNote") for primary care providers and cancer specialists to improve cancer care coordination. The objectives were to examine patients' perceptions of the role of eOncoNote in their healthcare, and HCPs' experiences of implementing eOncoNote. Qualitative interviews were conducted with patients with breast and prostate cancer, primary care providers, and cancer specialists. Eighteen patients and fourteen HCPs participated. Six themes were identified from the patient interviews focusing on HCP and patient roles related to care coordination and patient awareness of communication among their HCPs. Four themes were identified from HCP interviews related to the context of care coordination and experience with eOncoNote. Both patients and HCPs described the important role patients and caregivers play in care coordination. The results show that patients were often unaware of the communication between their HCPs and assumed they were communicating. HCPs encountered challenges incorporating eOncoNote into their workflow. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Background Methods Results Discussion The purpose of this article is to describe the development, implementation, and evaluation of a Simulation Interprofessional Education (Sim‐IPE) activity for healthcare students from different disciplines (athletic training [AT] and nursing). The objective for the Sim‐IPE activity was to engage AT and prelicensure nursing students in a realistic healthcare scenario to enhance knowledge about one another's profession, develop interprofessional skills, collaborate with one another, and communicate effectively as a team as they performed care.This mixed methods study employed a one‐time posttest design for a convenience sample of AT and prelicensure nursing students following a simulation intervention. Students completed the Student Perceptions of Interprofessional Clinical Education‐Revised (SPICE‐R) survey and answered open‐ended response questions.Thirteen students (N = 13) from Cohort 1 and 12 students (N = 12) from Cohort 2 completed the SPICE‐R survey. Most students strongly agreed/agreed for each of the SPICE‐R survey questions. Qualitative findings indicated the students positively perceived the Sim‐IPE activity as it helped them discover the value of interprofessional patient care.The quantitative findings indicated that the students found the Sim‐IPE an effective learning methodology to achieve the objectives while the qualitative findings gave further insight into the students' perceptions of interprofessional teamwork and the value of the prebrief session conducted before the simulation. The findings will inform future Sim‐IPE activities involving additional groups of healthcare students. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Weedon, Michael N., Jones, Samuel E., Lane, Jacqueline M., Lee, Jiwon, Ollila, Hanna M., Dawes, Amy, Tyrrell, Jess, Beaumont, Robin N., Partonen, Timo, Merikanto, Ilona, Rich, Stephen S., Rotter, Jerome I., Frayling, Timothy M., Rutter, Martin K., Redline, Susan, Sofer, Tamar, Saxena, Richa, and Wood, Andrew R.
Rare variants in ten genes have been reported to cause Mendelian sleep conditions characterised by extreme sleep duration or timing. These include familial natural short sleep (ADRB1, DEC2/BHLHE41, GRM1 and NPSR1), advanced sleep phase (PER2, PER3, CRY2, CSNK1D and TIMELESS) and delayed sleep phase (CRY1). The association of variants in these genes with extreme sleep conditions were usually based on clinically ascertained families, and their effects when identified in the population are unknown. We aimed to determine the effects of these variants on sleep traits in large population-based cohorts. We performed genetic association analysis of variants previously reported to be causal for Mendelian sleep and circadian conditions. Analyses were performed using 191,929 individuals with data on sleep and whole-exome or genome-sequence data from 4 population-based studies: UK Biobank, FINRISK, Health-2000-2001, and the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). We identified sleep disorders from self-report, hospital and primary care data. We estimated sleep duration and timing measures from self-report and accelerometery data. We identified carriers for 10 out of 12 previously reported pathogenic variants for 8 of the 10 genes. They ranged in frequency from 1 individual with the variant in CSNK1D to 1,574 individuals with a reported variant in the PER3 gene in the UK Biobank. No carriers for variants reported in NPSR1 or PER2 were identified. We found no association between variants analyzed and extreme sleep or circadian phenotypes. Using sleep timing as a proxy measure for sleep phase, only PER3 and CRY1 variants demonstrated association with earlier and later sleep timing, respectively; however, the magnitude of effect was smaller than previously reported (sleep midpoint ~7 mins earlier and ~5 mins later, respectively). We also performed burden tests of protein truncating (PTVs) or rare missense variants for the 10 genes. Only PTVs in PER2 and PER3 were associated with a relevant trait (for example, 64 individuals with a PTV in PER2 had an odds ratio of 4.4 for being "definitely a morning person", P = 4x10-8; and had a 57-minute earlier midpoint sleep, P = 5x10-7). Our results indicate that previously reported variants for Mendelian sleep and circadian conditions are often not highly penetrant when ascertained incidentally from the general population. Author summary: Clinically ascertained family-based studies have previously identified rare genetic variation associated with causing life-long sleep conditions, specifically shorter sleep, and earlier or later sleep timing. However, the effects of previously reported genetic variants on sleep duration and timing when identified incidentally through population-based studies are not known. Here, we take advantage of up to 191,929 individuals from four population-based studies, including the UK Biobank, to estimate the effects of these variants on sleep duration and timing using self-reported and accelerometer-based sleep estimates coupled with sequencing data. Our analysis revealed no association between variants previously reported and extreme sleep conditions. Two variants located in two genes (PER3 and CRY1) showed evidence of association with sleep timing, but their estimated effects (~5 to 7 minutes) on sleep timing are much smaller relative to those previously reported. Our results indicate that previously reported variants are not causal for extreme sleep conditions in the general population. Finally, although we were unable to analyse a previously reported variant in the PER2 gene associated with sleep timing, additional analysis in the UK Biobank revealed carries of protein-truncating variants in this gene have an approximately 1-hour earlier sleep midpoint compared to non-carriers. These population-based estimates are important because of the recent dramatic increase in direct-to-consumer and health service genome-wide genetic testing. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
ALCOHOL drinking, ENERGY consumption, WARNING labels, INCOME, WEIGHT gain, and CONSUMPTION (Economics)
Background: Alcohol is a discretionary, energy dense, dietary component. Compared to non-drinkers, people who consume alcohol report higher total energy intake and may be at increased risk of weight gain, overweight, and obesity, which are key preventable risk factors for illness. However, accurate consumer knowledge of the energy content in alcohol is low. To inform future behaviour change interventions among drinkers, this study investigated individual characteristics associated with changing alcohol consumption due to energy-related concerns.Methods: An online survey was undertaken with 801 Australian adult drinkers (18-59 years, 50.2% female), i.e. who consumed alcohol at least monthly. In addition to demographic and health-related characteristics, participants reported past-year alcohol consumption, past-year reductions in alcohol consumption, frequency of harm minimisation strategy use (when consuming alcohol), and frequency of changing alcohol consumption behaviours because of energy-related concerns.Results: When prompted, 62.5% of participants reported changing alcohol consumption for energy-related reasons at least 'sometimes'. Women, those aged 30-44 years, metropolitan residents, those with household income $80,001-120,000, and risky/more frequent drinkers had increased odds of changing consumption because of energy-related concerns, and unemployed respondents had reduced odds.Conclusions: Results indicate that some sociodemographic groups are changing alcohol consumption for energy-related reasons, but others are not, representing an underutilised opportunity for health promotion communication. Further research should investigate whether messaging to increase awareness of alcohol energy content, including through systems-based policy actions such as nutritional/energy product labelling, would motivate reduced consumption across a broader range of drinkers. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]