COVID-19 pandemic, POSTAL service -- United States, POSTAL workers, and DOMESTIC economic assistance
The article reports on the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on the United States Postal Service. It mentions the financial effect of an enormous drop in the amount of mail sent, efforts to get additional economic assistance from the U.S. government, and the response of the American Postal Workers Union to protect its members.
Niska, Miira, Prakash, K. C., Siukola, Anna, Kosonen, Hanna, Luomanen, Jari, Lumme-Sandt, Kirsi, Neupane, Subas, Nikander, Pirjo, and Nygård, Clas-Håkan
Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies; 2020, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p19-39, 21p
JOB satisfaction, POSTAL service, EMPLOYEE reviews, RETIREMENT age, and EMPLOYEES
While policymakers emphasize the need to delay retirement age, numerous traditional industries, among them postal services, emphasize the need for employee downsizings. These can be contradictory needs. Downsizings can reduce work life satisfaction (WLS) among workers, and reduced WLS can decrease willingness to delay retirement age. In this cross-sectional study, we explore WLS trajectories of former postal service workers by analyzing quantitative survey data (N = 201) and qualitative interview data (N = 40). In the data, workers aged 50-67 years evaluate their lifelong work satisfaction. The results of the quantitative and the qualitative study complement and mirror each other. Same trajectories of WLS were identified in both data. One-third of the survey respondents reported decreasing WLS, which according to the qualitative data relates to employee downsizings. The article highlights the importance of acknowledging contextual elements of work satisfaction measurement and the benefits of combining methodological traditions to understand the longer-term dynamics involved. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Features ON MARCH 23, DEMOCRATIC HOUSE committee chairs Carolyn Maloney and Gerry Connolly called attention to an increasingly dire emergency. Its power to force refunds of excess profits - vigorously opposed by business - enhanced the effectiveness of the 1940 excess profits tax and was consolidated by the Renegotiation Act of 1942. Today's progressive Democrats should be at least as bold as Wilson, Roosevelt, and Harry Truman and draft a new excess profits tax bill in the House, with Amazon particularly in mind. [Extracted from the article]
Journal of Business & Accounting; Fall2019, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p19-35, 17p
POSTAL service, PRESIDENTS of the United States, COST accounting, and GOVERNMENT corporations
A concern has been raised by the President of the United States about the United States Postal Service (USPS) charging significantly discounted prices on the packages it ships for Amazon.com, Inc. Also, there were other critics of USPS's special package delivery pricing practices for Amazon, United Parcel Service (UPS), and Federal Express Corporation (FedEx). This paper describes how the USPS uses very sophisticated cost accounting, statistical, and other approaches to make sure its competitive products cover all their relevant costs and make an appropriate contribution towards covering institutional common costs. Market conditions are carefully considered in determining the prices of competitive products, including providing volume and other discounts to high volume customers, such as Amazon, UPS, and FedEx. It does seem that the concern expressed over the pricing of USPS competitive products is more appropriately directed towards the declining market for its market-dominant products. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
The article presents a report of the U.S. Government Accountability Office recommending the Congress to enable a sustainable business model. Topics include examination of issues faced by United States Postal Service (USPS), identification of how domestic businesses and foreign posts have addressed serious challenges; and consideration of financial self-sustenance for postal services.
Allison, J.R., Currie, C., Trainor, J., Corson, M., and Durham, J.
Oral Surgery (1752-2471); Aug2019, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p224-229, 6p
PATIENT satisfaction, POSTAL service, PERIODONTAL splints, TOOTH abrasion, TEMPOROMANDIBULAR disorders, and RESPONSE rates
Aim: Occlusal splints are an effective intervention for temporomandibular disorders, and are often used in tooth wear, for protection of extensive adhesive restorations, and as a means of applying medications to gingival conditions. Patients may be required to attend a second appointment to fit the device after impressions are taken, however, some units may send the device in the post once constructed. These appliances rarely require modification to fit and are not occlusally adjusted. The aim of the present study was to assess patients' satisfaction with a postal system for soft splints. Methods: 100 consecutive patients who had been issued with a soft occlusal splint by post immediately prior to August 2015 were sent a questionnaire assessing their satisfaction with receiving the splint in this manner. Results: The response rate was 42%. 93% of respondents reported that their splint fitted correctly and 98% reported that they had used it, with the mean length of wear being 8.7 weeks (SD: 5.7). 81% of patients reported that the splint helped "a lot" or "a little". 83% of patients reported being "very happy" or "happy", and 15% were "not bothered" about not seeing a clinician. Conclusions: Our results would suggest that patients are generally pleased with receiving a splint in the post. This system may allow reduced demand on services and may reduce out of pocket and time costs incurred to patients. The low response rate however may affect generalisability. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]