Journal of Business & Accounting. Fall2019, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p19-35. 17p.
POSTAL service, COST accounting, GOVERNMENT corporations, and PRESIDENTS of the United States
A concern has been raised by the President of the United States about the United States Postal Service (USPS) charging significantly discounted prices on the packages it ships for Amazon.com, Inc. Also, there were other critics of USPS's special package delivery pricing practices for Amazon, United Parcel Service (UPS), and Federal Express Corporation (FedEx). This paper describes how the USPS uses very sophisticated cost accounting, statistical, and other approaches to make sure its competitive products cover all their relevant costs and make an appropriate contribution towards covering institutional common costs. Market conditions are carefully considered in determining the prices of competitive products, including providing volume and other discounts to high volume customers, such as Amazon, UPS, and FedEx. It does seem that the concern expressed over the pricing of USPS competitive products is more appropriately directed towards the declining market for its market-dominant products. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
COVID-19 pandemic, POSTAL service, POSTAL workers, DOMESTIC economic assistance, and UNITED States
The article reports on the impact of the COVID-19 epidemic on the United States Postal Service. It mentions the financial effect of an enormous drop in the amount of mail sent, efforts to get additional economic assistance from the U.S. government, and the response of the American Postal Workers Union to protect its members.
PRIVATIZATION, POSTAL service, LABOR unions -- United States, LABOR arbitration, and UNITED States
The United States Postal Service (USPS), the second largest employer of civilians in the United States, has been the focus of attempts to restructure the workforce and privatize its activities. The four unions which represent those employed by the USPS have been working together to resist these efforts. Recently, results of arbitration and proposed legislation have given some reason for optimism. The rate of union density within the postal service as well as the potential for private-sector profit making, however, means that it is likely that such struggles will continue. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
SCHEDULING, POSTAL service, EXPRESS service (Delivery of goods), TRUCKS, and CONVEYING machinery
The distribution networks of the postal service industry are organized according to the hub-and-spoke paradigm, so that parcel distribution centers play a crucial role to consolidate the parcel flows to full truckloads. In these terminals, inbound trucks are unloaded at gates, shipments are identified, sorted by the central sortation conveyor system, and loaded into outbound trailers, in which they are moved toward their next destination. In this context, the scheduling of inbound trucks, which assigns a gate and a processing interval to each truck, is an essential operational decision problem. We formalize the resulting optimization problem and provide suited solution procedures. Furthermore, we test the impact of truck scheduling on the sortation performance of the central conveyor system with the help of a comprehensive terminal simulation. The online appendix is available at . [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
POSTAL service, INDEPENDENT contractors, and CARRIERS
The article offers insights on Amazon Flex, a service in which independent contractors take delivery routes to supplement UPS, FedEx and the postal service in the U.S. Topics discussed include the requirements for joining Flex, how deliveries are accomplished, and how much the drivers make for each delivery are presented. Flex drivers Cory Moll, Beth Davis-Sramek, and Cleaven Smith share their thoughts on the benefits of doing the job.
POSTAL service, INTEREST rates, DELIVERY of goods, VOTERS, and VENDETTA
(Bloomberg) -- Donald Trump is escalating his long-running feud with the U.S. Postal Service, setting up a bitter political fight that could harm the president's standing with key voters ahead of November elections. "President Trump supports our postal service and the hardworking men and women who work there and has vowed not to let the organization fail", Trump campaign spokesman Ken Farnaso said in a statement. [Extracted from the article]
(Bloomberg) -- The U.S. Postal Service may not need the $10 billion loan Congress made available in its coronavirus rescue legislation due to an increase in business, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said. During negotiations for the $2.2 trillion Cares Act, some lawmakers wanted to give the Postal Service a $10 billion handout, Mnuchin said, which he called "unfair" and instead created the option for a loan. [Extracted from the article]
INDUSTRIAL relations, POSTAL service, LABOR policy, ORGANIZATIONAL structure, LABOR unions, LABOR, and EXECUTIVE orders
Examining in the concrete the increasingly important labor relations problems of government employees, this article describes labor-management relations in the United States PoStal Service, both historically and as recently affected by the two executive orders of January 1962, relating to personnel and labor relations in the executive branch of the federal government. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
WAGE laws, POSTAL workers, WAGE differentials, MINIMUM wage, and PAY equity
Federal law requires that the U.S. Postal Service pay wages comparable to those paid in the private sector. The authors argue that the appropriate test of that concept is a comparison of the wages paid to all comparably skilled workers, not only to white male workers in the private sector. By that standard, the authors conclude, from an analysis of CPS data, that in 1978 postal workers enjoyed a 21 percent wage advantage. They also point to the low quit rates and long employment queues in the Postal Service as evidence confirming that the wage of postal workers is well above that of comparable workers elsewhere. The authors predict that since the mail transmission market has become increasingly competitive, either the wage advantage of postal workers will decline or postal Jobs will continue to shift to the private sector. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Journal of the Operational Research Society. Jul2018, Vol. 69 Issue 7, p1061-1076. 16p.
CROSS-docking (Logistics), POSTAL service, TRUCK loading & unloading, INVENTORY control, and COMPUTATIONAL complexity
In cross-docks, incoming shipments are unloaded, moved across the facility, and loaded into outbound trucks, such that truck load factors are increased and transportation costs are reduced. In this context, we treat the question which outbound destinations should share a dock if not enough docking space is available to process each destination via its separate dock door. We aim at a partition of destinations (among docks), such that fixed processing intervals do not overlap and the maximum inventory accumulating in the staging areas is minimized. We define the resulting dock sharing problem specifically addressing the peculiarities of the postal service industry, investigate computational complexity, and provide solution procedures. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Trump Says "Joke" Postal Service Should Boost Rates for Amazon (Bloomberg) -- President Donald Trump said the U.S. Postal Service is "a joke" and should quadruple the rate it charges major companies to ship a package, but is too frightened of Amazon.com Inc. to do so. The task force, led by the Treasury Department, recommended the Postal Service price packages "with profitability in mind" and raise rates on e-commerce goods and other non-essential shipments, among other reforms. [Extracted from the article]
(Bloomberg) -- Saudi Arabia and Egypt are resuming postal service to Qatar -- frozen during a diplomatic rift that's lasted nearly three years -- following a similar move by the United Arab Emirates. Both countries, like the U.A.E., will be routing mail through Oman; there are no direct flights between the countries and Qatar. [Extracted from the article]
Niska, Miira, Prakash, K. C., Siukola, Anna, Kosonen, Hanna, Luomanen, Jari, Lumme-Sandt, Kirsi, Neupane, Subas, Nikander, Pirjo, and Nygård, Clas-Håkan
Nordic Journal of Working Life Studies; 2020, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p19-39, 21p
JOB satisfaction, POSTAL service, EMPLOYEE reviews, RETIREMENT age, and EMPLOYEES
While policymakers emphasize the need to delay retirement age, numerous traditional industries, among them postal services, emphasize the need for employee downsizings. These can be contradictory needs. Downsizings can reduce work life satisfaction (WLS) among workers, and reduced WLS can decrease willingness to delay retirement age. In this cross-sectional study, we explore WLS trajectories of former postal service workers by analyzing quantitative survey data (N = 201) and qualitative interview data (N = 40). In the data, workers aged 50-67 years evaluate their lifelong work satisfaction. The results of the quantitative and the qualitative study complement and mirror each other. Same trajectories of WLS were identified in both data. One-third of the survey respondents reported decreasing WLS, which according to the qualitative data relates to employee downsizings. The article highlights the importance of acknowledging contextual elements of work satisfaction measurement and the benefits of combining methodological traditions to understand the longer-term dynamics involved. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
(Bloomberg) -- Saudi Arabia, Egypt and Bahrain are resuming postal services to Qatar -- frozen during a diplomatic rift that's lasted nearly three years -- following a similar move by the United Arab Emirates. The Qatari Postal Services Company said in a statement it was ready to resume postal services with the countries "in order to preserve the rights of postal services customers in the State of Qatar". [Extracted from the article]
(Bloomberg) -- The United Arab Emirates has restored mail services to Qatar, frozen for more than two years amid a diplomatic rift, after a regional meeting attended by both Gulf states and the United Nations' postal agency. The UN's Universal Postal Union said it hosted a meeting last month in Bern, Switzerland, that brought together officials from the U.A.E, Qatar and other Arab nations involved in the diplomatic impasse. [Extracted from the article]
(Bloomberg) -- The United Arab Emirates has restored mail services to Qatar, frozen for more than two years amid a diplomatic rift, after a regional meeting attended by both Gulf states and the United Nations' postal agency. The UN's Universal Postal Union said it hosted a regional meeting last month in Bern, Switzerland, that brought together officials from the U.A.E, Qatar and other Arab nations involved in the diplomatic dispute. When Bloomberg inquired at an Emirates Post office in the U.A.E. about sending a package to Qatar on Monday, staff said the service had been available since the previous day. [Extracted from the article]